Chap 4 Notes – Bill of Rights. 1 st Amendment 5 basic Freedoms Freedom of Religion The Government cannot establish a formal religion. The First Amendment. Second, the amendment guarantees Americans the right to worship as they see fit. First Amendment.
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5 basic Freedoms
Freedom of Religion
The Government cannot establish a formal religion
Do you agree/disagree w/ the following
2. Freedom of Speech:
The 1st amendment
Gives you the right
To speak your mind
Without the fear or reprisal.
However, that right is NOT absolute.
Freedom of speech extends to dress, hairstyles, decorating home.
Freedom of Press: The right that Americans have to print what they want. What limits should there be on this right? Includes TV, Radio,
Freedom of Assembly: The right that people have to assemble peacefully. Parades, Political rallies, public celebrations.
Right to Petition: The right that people have to express their ideas to our government. People can complain to their government officials.
The Second Amendment Guarantees Americans the right to bear arms.
To Pack Heat
Limits the Governments Right to House Soldiers in People’s Homes. Can w/ People’s permission.
Sometimes known as the “privacy amendment” Protects American citizens from unreasonable search and seizures. Must have a “Search Warrant” to enter a person’s home.
A Search Warrant is a legal document that allows law enforcement officials to search a suspect’s home and to take things to be used in court.
Protects a person when they have been accused of committing a crime. Protects against “Double Jeopardy” Standing trial twice for the same crime.
Protects a person’s right to remain silent. Prevents self-incrimination. You do not have to testify against yourself in a court of law.
Ensures due process of law. Meaning that certain procedures must be followed in a court of law.
Limits the government’s power of Eminent Domain: The right the Government has to take your home/property for the good of society.(like to build a highway)
Guarantees additional rights in a trial. Requires that they be told of exact nature of the charges against them. Trial must be speedy, fair, and public. Individual is
entitled to a lawyer for representation.
Guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases if the amount of money involved is more than $20.
Excludes cruel and unusual punishment. Also prevents
Excessive bail. Protects
Against excessive fines.
Makes clear that the rights spelled out in the Constitution are not the only rights that you have. ( Freedom to choose your friends, where you live, who you marry, where you work)
Any powers the Constitution does not specifically give to the national government are reserved for the states or for the people.
Civil War Amendments
13th Amendment – (1865) officially banned slavery
14th – Gave equal protection under the law.
15th – right to vote
to black males
(1916) Gives Congress the power to levy an income tax.
Prohibits making, drinking, or selling of alcoholic beverages (prohibition)
Gives Women the right to vote
(1933) Repeals Prohibition
Limits the President to two terms in office (1951)
Establishes procedures for succession to the presidency.
Sets Voting Age at 18 (1971)
Voting rights 18 yr olds