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Chap 4 Notes – Bill of Rights. 1 st Amendment 5 basic Freedoms Freedom of Religion The Government cannot establish a formal religion. The First Amendment. Second, the amendment guarantees Americans the right to worship as they see fit. First Amendment.

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Chap 4 Notes – Bill of Rights

1st Amendment

5 basic Freedoms

Freedom of Religion

The Government cannot establish a formal religion


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The First Amendment

  • Second, the amendment guarantees Americans the right to worship as they see fit.


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First Amendment

Do you agree/disagree w/ the following

  • Prayer in public school/commencement/Campus life

  • Wearing of religious symbols

  • “In God we Trust” on our $

  • Nativity scenes

  • Celebrating of religious holidays in school


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First Amendment

2. Freedom of Speech:

The 1st amendment

Gives you the right

To speak your mind

Without the fear or reprisal.

However, that right is NOT absolute.


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First Amendment

  • Slander – if you say something untrue about someone w/ the intention of hurting their reputation.

  • Libel – Printing something that is untrue about someone.


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First Amendment

  • Treason: Giving military secrets to the enemy.

    Freedom of speech extends to dress, hairstyles, decorating home.


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First Amendment

Freedom of Press: The right that Americans have to print what they want. What limits should there be on this right? Includes TV, Radio,

Newspapers,

Computers.


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First Amendment

Freedom of Assembly: The right that people have to assemble peacefully. Parades, Political rallies, public celebrations.


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First Amendment

Right to Petition: The right that people have to express their ideas to our government. People can complain to their government officials.


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2nd Amendment

The Second Amendment Guarantees Americans the right to bear arms.


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Grandma’s Right

To Pack Heat

Cannot be

Infringed Upon!!


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3rd Amendment

Limits the Governments Right to House Soldiers in People’s Homes. Can w/ People’s permission.


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4th Amendment

Sometimes known as the “privacy amendment” Protects American citizens from unreasonable search and seizures. Must have a “Search Warrant” to enter a person’s home.


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4th Amendment

Search

Warrant

A Search Warrant is a legal document that allows law enforcement officials to search a suspect’s home and to take things to be used in court.


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5th Amendment

Protects a person when they have been accused of committing a crime. Protects against “Double Jeopardy” Standing trial twice for the same crime.


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5th Amendment

Protects a person’s right to remain silent. Prevents self-incrimination. You do not have to testify against yourself in a court of law.


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5th Amendment

Ensures due process of law. Meaning that certain procedures must be followed in a court of law.


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5th Amendment

Limits the government’s power of Eminent Domain: The right the Government has to take your home/property for the good of society.(like to build a highway)


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6th Amendment

Guarantees additional rights in a trial. Requires that they be told of exact nature of the charges against them. Trial must be speedy, fair, and public. Individual is

entitled to a lawyer for representation.


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7th Amendment

Guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases if the amount of money involved is more than $20.


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8th Amendment

Excludes cruel and unusual punishment. Also prevents

Excessive bail. Protects

Against excessive fines.


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9th Amendment

Makes clear that the rights spelled out in the Constitution are not the only rights that you have. ( Freedom to choose your friends, where you live, who you marry, where you work)


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10th Amendment

Any powers the Constitution does not specifically give to the national government are reserved for the states or for the people.


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Bill of Rights Extended

Civil War Amendments

13th Amendment – (1865) officially banned slavery

14th – Gave equal protection under the law.

15th – right to vote

to black males


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16th Amendment

(1916) Gives Congress the power to levy an income tax.


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18th Amendment

Prohibits making, drinking, or selling of alcoholic beverages (prohibition)


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19th Amendment

Gives Women the right to vote


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21st Amendment

(1933) Repeals Prohibition


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22nd Amendment

Limits the President to two terms in office (1951)


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25th Amendment

Establishes procedures for succession to the presidency.


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26th Amendment

Sets Voting Age at 18 (1971)

Voting rights 18 yr olds


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