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UNIVERSITY LEADERS’ FORUM ON THE NEXT GENERATION OF ACADEMICS . UNIVERSITY LEADERS’ FORUM ON THE NEXT GENERATION OF ACADEMICS . GENERAL THEME- DEVELOPING AND RETAINING THE NEXT GENERATION OF ACADEMICS. KEYNOTE ADDRESS.

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UNIVERSITY LEADERS’ FORUM ON THE NEXT GENERATION OF ACADEMICS

GENERAL THEME- DEVELOPING AND RETAINING THE NEXT GENERATION OF ACADEMICS


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KEYNOTE ADDRESS

  • DEVELOPING THE 21ST CENTURY SCHOLAR: WHAT IT MEANS FOR AFRICABY IVAN ADDAE-MENSAH (FORMER VICE CHANCELLOR, UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, LEGON)SUNDAY 23RD NOVEMBER 2008


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“A University thoroughly conscious of, and adapted to its environment, but simultaneously maintaining an international standard”.


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  • North Africa 33 environment, but simultaneously maintaining an international standard”.

  • West Africa 64

  • Central Africa 20

  • East Africa 53

  • Southern Africa 42


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  • Quality and academic standards environment, but simultaneously maintaining an international standard”.

  • Funding and related issues

  • Institutional governance

  • Access and quality

  • Human resource

  • Cooperation in graduate training and research

  • ICT and globalisation

  • Gender issues including access, quality and relevance


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  • The poorest developing countries in the world lack many things; good sanitation systems, effective transportation systems and capital investment for agriculture and industry. However, the best use of investment funds may not be for bridges, sewer systems and roads but for human capital and education.(1998; O’Sullivan and Sheffrin- Economics, Principles and Tools)[8].


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  • Without it, they cannot adapt freely available global technologies to their needs-let alone set their own research agendas for new innovations. Inadequate national policies are partly responsible, BUT THE LOSS OF HIGHLY SKILLED MIGRANTS, the lack of supporting global institutions and unfair implementation of global trade rules create additional barriers. (United Nations Human development Report, 2001). [10].


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  • It is now a truism that access to all (persons) to basic education is essential for a modern nation’s economic well being. But in the new “knowledge economy, driven by developments in information and communication technology such as the internet, there is a growing recognition of the vital role that higher education plays in socio-economic development.


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  • Universities without research activities run the risk of becoming glorified secondary schools. They are unable to generate new knowledge for themselves, academia and the country. They are unable to produce the stream of academic staff candidates necessary to sustain the university enterprise.


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GOVERNMENT SUBVENTION fundamental element for the revitalisation of African universities

YEARAMOUNT (GH¢)

2001 16,000.00

2002 16,000.00

2003 16,000.00

2004 15,700.00

2005 14,700.00

2006 14,800.00

2007 14,800.00

2008 Not yet released


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ACADEMIC FACILITY USER FEE fundamental element for the revitalisation of African universities


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Inventing a Better Future: A Strategy for Building World-Wide Capacities in Science and Technology.

  • “All nations, whether industrialised or developing, face a broad array of challenges that will require the application of up-to-date scientific knowledge and technology.


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  • Poor countries have tended to lack large scientific and technological communities. Their scientists and engineers, chronically under-funded, move abroad for satisfying employment in scientific research and development. Private companies, moreover, focus their innovation activities on rich-country problems and projects, since that is where adequate financial returns exist.


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  • Any strategy to meet the (MD) goals requires a special global effort to build scientific and technological capacities in the poorest countries, both to help drive economic development and to help forge solutions to developing countries’ own scientific challenges. A FOCUS SHOULD BE ON STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.


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  • A special global effort is also required to direct research and development towards specific challenges facing the poor in diseases, climate, agriculture, energy and environmental degradation………..To address these most pressing scientific issues, direct public financing of research needs to increase”.


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  • Many future technological advances will have to be directed towards finding innovative solutions for improving the quality of life, providing access to education and information, ensuring sustainable use of resources, stabilizing human population, preserving the environment, alleviating poverty and creating employment.


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  • This problem is often magnified by influencing the success of small enterprises. Many entrepreneurs are either unfamiliar with new technologies or cannot afford to access appropriate levels of technology. poor linkages between science and technology institutions and industry, lack of coordination amongst research institutions, inadequate funds for designing and developing marketable prototypes, and WEAKNESSES IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AT POLICY AND IMPLEMENTATION LEVELS.


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  • Science and technology permeates all ministries, from Trade and Industry through Roads, Railways and Harbours, Aviation and Space Technology, Environment, Energy, Agriculture, Health, etc. Dismembering Science and Technology into other ministries does not give the impression of a coherent and focused policy direction that will act as the necessary tool for any country’s rapid economic development.


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  • I firmly believe that for African Universities to develop the requisite manpower, not only in science and technology, but other aspects of development, their various governments need to critically look at the governance structure for science and technology, and give science and technology the necessary strength and direction that will enable it play the role that is envisaged for it by their own people and the international community.


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  • However, whether Science and Technology is given a separate Ministry with Cabinet status or continues to be appended to another Ministry, it is suggested that every African President should have a Special Scientific Advisor on Science and Technology, independent of the Ministry responsible for science, and directly responsible to the President.




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