Introduction to Psychology History & Research Methods Caroline M. Clements, Ph.D. The University of North Carolina at Wilmington Department of Psychology. Index Card Information. Name Student Number Code for posting exam scores Local Phone Contact Email address. What is Psychology?.
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Introduction to Psychology History & Research MethodsCaroline M. Clements, Ph.D.The University of North Carolina at WilmingtonDepartment of Psychology
“We know of nothing … which can be in the remotest degree compared with the stream of thought that accompanies the brain’s material
Women in Psychology
In the early days of psychology, opportunities for women were limited.
Mary Calkins was one of the pioneering women in the field.
She never received the Ph.D. that she earned from Harvard
She went on to do research, study the function of memory, and serve as the president of the American Psychological Association 1905.
“Psychology as the behaviorist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior.” -- John B. Watson, 1913
Clinical – psychotherapy, assessment, diagnosis
Developmental – how do we develop across life?
Social – how do people behave in groups?
Biopsychology – what is the brain basis of behavior?
Cognitive – how do we think and perceive?
Personality – what basic traits make up a person’s personality?Areas of Psychology
*requires graduate degree
Objective data collection
Subjective data collection
Hit or miss observation
Reliance on evidence
Science, then does not prove things, because all information about the outside observable world is inductive.
Baldo et al. (1998)
Baldo et al. (1998)
Correlation does NOT imply causation!
observation, case study