Water and Livelihood Initiative for the Middle East. The Palestinian Targeted Area and Priority Issues. Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) National Agricultural Research Center (NARC) Hebron University (HU) Land Research Center (LRC) Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem (ARIJ).
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The Palestinian Targeted Area and Priority Issues
Ministry of Agriculture (MoA)
National Agricultural Research Center (NARC)
Hebron University (HU)
Land Research Center (LRC)
Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem (ARIJ)
Badia Workshop, Amman, Jordan, 12-14 May 2009
405 to 173 mm.
*Temperatures vary from
26.2 0C to 13.5 0C
*Humidity varies from Max.
70% to Min 63%.
* Palestine situated at the corners between the desert ecosystems (south) and Mediterranean Sea (East).
* Of a Mediterranean type, marked by a mild rain winter, prolonged dry and hot summer
*Rainfall varies from 716 mm to 49 mm
70% of rainfall amounts accumulated between November and March
*Monthly Average temperatures vary from 30.0 0C to 7.1 0C
Coldest month is January, Hottest month is August
*Humidity varies from 65 % to 47 %
* Forms 27.8% of WB area
* elevations 150m to 600 m above sea level,
*Rainfall 200mm to 350mm,
*Soil type Gray calcareous steppe soils,
*Famous as rangelands
*Forms 56.7% of WB area,
*Elevations from 300-1000 meters above sea level,
*Rainfall from 350-700 mm,
*Dominant soil type Terra Rossa,
*Cultivations: Olive trees, stone fruit trees, grapes, cultivation of rainfed vegetables, and field crops
Forms 7.1% of WB area
Elevation from 375 m below sea level to 200 meters above sea level,
Rainfall from 200 mm to 50 mm / year,
Soils: Alluvial soils,
Cultivations: Irrigated vegetables, citrus, banana, and fruit trees.
*forms 8.4% of WB area
*Elevation from 100 to 300 m above sea level.
*Rainfall: annual average is 600 mm
*Soil types are Alluvial, Terra Rossa
*Cultivation:Irrigated agriculture (Vegetable, Citrus, and olive
The Eastern Slopes Agro-Eco Zone is the targeted area by the Water and Livelihood Initiative for the Middle East
Why the Easter Slopes Zone: It contains the marginalized rainfed lands and largest part of the rangeland area in the West Bank
Filed crops and forages are main cultivated crops in addition to fruit trees cultivations under rainfed conditions in the ES.
These reasons led to reduce the vegetation cover and plant biomass which led to water runoff and sever soil erosion
The rang land provide only 15% from the feed required for small ruminants which led to bad nutritional status.
2. Low productivity and profitability