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Index case and family infection of Monkey Pox from Prairie Dogs diagnosed in Marshfield, WI ( Clinical Photos ). Kurt Reed MD John Melski MD Erik Stratman MD Marshfield Clinic May-June 2003.

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Index case and family infection ofMonkey Pox from Prairie Dogsdiagnosed in Marshfield, WI( Clinical Photos )

Kurt Reed MD

John Melski MD

Erik Stratman MD

Marshfield Clinic May-June 2003


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Child, Marshfield Index Case: Primary inoculation site right index finger, 5/27/03. 14 days after prairie dog bites, 11days after febrile illness, hospital day 5.

© Marshfield Clinic


Child secondary lesions 5 27 03 adjacent to primary inoculation site on left hand l.jpg
Child: Secondary lesions 5/27/03, adjacent to primary inoculation site on left hand.

© Marshfield Clinic

© Marshfield Clinic

© Marshfield Clinic


Child disseminated acral lesions 5 27 03 l.jpg
Child: Disseminated acral lesions 5/27/03 inoculation site on left hand.

© Marshfield Clinic

© Marshfield Clinic

© Marshfield Clinic


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Mother, 5/27/03, 1 day after vesicles & erythema at site of cat scratch. Sweats, fever, and malaise the night of 5/26/03. Has sore throat.

© Marshfield Clinic


Mother disseminated umbilicated vesicles 5 27 03 sweats recur less severe has sore throat l.jpg
Mother: disseminated umbilicated vesicles 5/27/03. Sweats recur, less severe. Has sore throat.

© Marshfield Clinic


Mother 5 29 03 expansion of vesicles beyond biopsy site of 5 27 03 note satellite vesicles l.jpg
Mother, 5/29/03, expansion of vesicles beyond biopsy site of 5/27/03. Note satellite vesicles.

© Marshfield Clinic


Mother 5 29 03 umbilicated vesicles on red base feels well child discharged from hospital l.jpg
Mother, 5/29/03, umbilicated vesicles on red base. Feels well. Child discharged from hospital.

© Marshfield Clinic


Father 6 05 03 after fevers sweats malaise on 5 31 6 01 03 feels well l.jpg
Father, 6/05/03, after fevers, sweats, malaise on 5/31-6/01/03. Feels well.

© Marshfield Clinic


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Father, 6/05/03 5/31-6/01/03. Feels well.

© Marshfield Clinic

© Marshfield Clinic


Father 6 05 03 trunk lesions l.jpg
Father, 6/05/03, trunk lesions 5/31-6/01/03. Feels well.

© Marshfield Clinic


Child and mother 6 5 03 crusted primary inoculation sites both feeling well l.jpg
Child and mother, 6/5/03, crusted primary inoculation sites. Both feeling well.

© Marshfield Clinic


Child 6 5 03 resolving lesions l.jpg
Child, 6/5/03, resolving lesions. Both feeling well.

© Marshfield Clinic


Monkey pox story 2003 child l.jpg
Monkey pox story 2003 - Child Both feeling well.

  • 5/11, Mothers’ Day, Two prairie dogs from pet swap meet in Wausau given to Mother in Dorchester, WI.

  • 5/13 Prairie dog bites 3 1/2 year old daughter on right index finger and dorsal left hand.

  • 5/15 Prairie dog seen by veterinarian due to skin lesions and discharge from nose and eyes. Prairie bites veterinarian technician.

  • 5/16 Child get fevers, wounds are red.

  • 5/20 Child seen by primary care physician. Lesions are raised and whitish and child has URI-like symptoms. Augmentin and Zithromax are started. Prairie dog dies. Head sent by veterinarian to Madison for rabies check, negative. Enlarged submandibular lymph gland harvested and sent to Marshfield Joint Venture Laboratory for cultures.


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Monkey pox story 2003 - Child Both feeling well.

  • 5/22 Child hospitalized because of festering wounds, fevers, sweats, right eye discharge, swelling around the right eye (from rubbing with wounded hands?), and new skin lesions, including scalp, perineum and extremities. Multiple IV antibiotics given including ciprofloxacin.

  • 5/25 Dermatology consult obtained because of persistent fevers and new skin lesions. Primary inoculation sites on on right index finger and dorsal left hand have central hemorrhagic crusts with pustular borders. Disseminated papulovesicles and pustules have erythematous flares with central umbilication and/or hemorrhagic crusts. Lesions biopsied for aerobic culture and histology 12:30 PM. By 9 PM, histology report of extensive epidermal necrosis, cells with cytoplasmic inclusions and possible multinucleated cells. Stains for HSV I & II negative. Intravenous acyclovir started.


Monkey pox story 2003 mother l.jpg
Monkey pox story 2003 - Mother Both feeling well.

  • 5/27 28 year old mother gets vesiculation around cat scratch on dorsal right hand. Biopsies taken for viral culture, electron microscopy, and histology. Swab sent for aerobic culture. Mother has had drenching sweats, malaise, sore throat and does not feel well.

  • 5/28 Mother has disseminated skin lesions. Has had more sweats, but feels better. Afebrile by oral temp.

  • 5/29 Mother’s primary lesion is re-biopsied. Disseminated lesion on right forearm biopsied. Mother feels better, but throat still sore, tonsils enlarged. Acute serum obtained. WBC 6.2 (23% bands, 39% segs, 24% lymph, 5% activated lymphs, 8% monos), CRP=5.3, chemistries normal. Throat culture negative Valacyclovir 1 gram tid. Mother kept out of work. Child discharged on ciprofloxacin.

  • 5/30 Pox virus seen on mothers initial biopsy. Valacyclovir stopped. Pox virus virus cultured from skin.


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Monkey pox story 2003 - Father Both feeling well.

  • 5/31-6/1 38 year old father gets sweats, malaise and develops multiple skin lesions.

  • 6/2 Primary care physician reports 12-15 disseminated skin lesions on all extremities, trunk and head. Father now feeling well but kept out of work.

  • 6/4 Pox virus identified as Orthopox virus by negative-stain elctron microscopy. Provisional diagnosis: monkeypox.

  • 6/5 Family seen in clinic. All feeling well. Primary lesions are crusted ulcerations. Mother’s tonsils are smaller and she has no adenopathy. Father has at least two lesions that are still vesiculated and some axillary adenopathy. Acute serum and viral cultures obtain from father. Mother and Father told to stay out of work.

  • 6/6 Family’s 13 cats, 20 dogs, 7 horses, 4 goats, 3 donkeys and one recovering prairie dog are kept in quarantine.

  • Orthopox virus cultured from prairie dog lymph node.


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