WINTER WHEAT WEBINAR
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WINTER WHEAT WEBINAR Why your Customers should be growing Winter Wheat Paul Thoroughgood P.Ag Ducks Unlimited Canada Show me the Money! Winter Wheat is consistently a top performing crop across the Prairies Allows improved use of capital

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Why your customers should be growing winter wheat l.jpg

Why your Customers should be growing Winter Wheat

Paul Thoroughgood P.Ag

Ducks Unlimited Canada


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Show me the Money!

  • Winter Wheat is consistently a top performing crop across the Prairies

  • Allows improved use of capital

  • Provides “insurance” against inclement weather during May and September


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Show me the Money!

  • Facilitation of more timely management of spring seeded crops

  • Rotational benefits to other crops

  • Expands grain marketing window

  • Provides an ecological tool to manage herbicide resistance and pests

  • Increases financial sustainability


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Caring for our Environment

  • Winter cereals are the only annual crop shown to provide productive nesting habitat for waterfowl

  • Benefits to other ground nesting birds

  • Increased productivity per acre


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Long Term Adoption

  • 2/3 of growers who have tried winter wheat with DUC have made it part of their long term rotation

  • Many of these growers have become “repeat customers” in other DUC programs


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Planning for Success

Mark Akins P.Ag CCA

Ducks Unlimited Canada


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Planning is Key

  • Planning is involved in growing all crops

  • Winter wheat requires special attention

    • stubble needed for seeding

    • planning also makes seeding at harvest simpler and less stressful

      Planning=profitable winter wheat


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Plan for Stubble

  • Start planning for winter wheat prior to seeding your spring crop

  • Choose a crop that provides adequate snow trapping

  • Stubble must be available in Aug 15 to Sept 15 seeding window


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Plan for Stubble

  • Attention to seeding date, crop types and/or variety if crops generally mature late

    • Weatherman-ager at www.wintercereals.ca

  • Plans may not always come through so have a “plan B” crop in mind


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The Weatherman-ager

Prince Albert, Saskatchewan (4056240)

The table below was generated from Environment Canada weather station data collected from 1945 to 1998.

Crops -Argentine Canola


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Harvesting Stubble Crop

  • Winter wheat is most successful when direct seeded into standing stubble

    • Cut stubble as high as possible

    • Spread straw and chaff evenly over the field

    • Avoid excessive traffic in field access points and headlands


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Logistics

  • Prepare equipment early

  • Have seed ready

  • Fill the drill

  • Plan for getting inputs to the field

  • May want to swap seeding and harvest with a trusted neighbor


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Seeding Opportunities

  • Multi-tasking doesn’t always work

  • Take advantage of the weather

  • Use GPS and auto-steer to make the most of your day

  • The first year is the most challenging


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Seeding Musts

Melissa Stanford, Agrologist

Ducks Unlimited Canada


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1. Seed Early

Timing:

  • North – August 15 - 20

  • Central – August 25 - September 5

  • South – No later than September 15

  • Don’t delay seeding to wait for moisture!

    • Waiting too long results in 5-10% yield loss per week delayed


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2. Seed Shallow

  • Optimal depth = better seedling vigor and winter hardiness

  • ½”-1” deep

  • Target is 3-4 leaf stage prior to freeze up


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3. Seed Into Stubble

  • Standing stubble does it all

  • The best crops for stubble

  • How much stubble is enough?


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3. Seed Into Stubble, cont’d

STP = stubble height in cm × # stems/m2

100

  • Adequate Snow Trapping Potential

    • Pre-seeding 40 or greater

    • Post-seeding 20 or greater


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4. Seed Heavy

  • 1.5-2.5 bushels per acre

  • Target plant populations:

    • Fall: 30 plants/sq.ft.

    • Spring: 18-23 plants/sq.ft.

      Consider 1000 kernel weight and germination


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5. Other Considerations

  • Manage straw and chaff at harvest

  • Apply phosphate with the seed and some starter nitrogen

  • Consider a pre- or post-harvest glyphosate application for a clean start

  • Be mindful of potential herbicide residue issues


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Questions?

Thank you for joining us today.


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