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SUMMER (WARM SEASON) VEGETABLES. Summer or warm season vegetables need: sunshine (long hot days) warm soil warm air In order to: grow and mature develop sugar develop flavor. For warm season vegetables, cold temperatures mean: no germination no flowers

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SUMMER (WARM SEASON) VEGETABLES

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SUMMER(WARM SEASON) VEGETABLES


Summer or warm season vegetables need:

sunshine (long hot days)

warm soil

warm air

In order to:

grow and mature

develop sugar

develop flavor


For warm season vegetables, cold temperatures mean:

no germination

no flowers

slow growth

no fruit

no flavor


What is in season?

  • Lima Beans

  • Okra

  • Peppers

  • Summer Squash

  • Tomatoes

  • Corn

  • Cucumbers

  • Eggplant

  • Green beans

  • Jimaca


CORN


CORN

  • Varieties

    YellowBlack

    White Red

    Blue Baby

    Multi-colored

  • New varieties are extra sweet.

  • Sugar converts to starch after harvesting.


  • BLACK CORN-PERU

    RED CORN

    ANCIENT CORN

    MULTI-COLORED

    BLUE CORN

    WHITE CORN


    CORN

    • Cooking

      • Boiling – 3 to 5 minutes

      • Roasting

      • Grilling

      • Baking

    • Commonly eaten on

      the cob in US.


    CORN

    • CULTURE

      • Mexico – 7,000 YEARS OLD

      • Thai – corn ice cream

      • Hispanic – masa, tamales, arepas, tortillas

      • US southern – corn meal, corn bread, corn fritters

      • New England – corn chowder, corn pudding

      • Italy (north) - Polenta

    • Animal fodder


    MAYAN CORN MASK

    INDIAN CORN


    EVERYBODY LOVES CORN


    CUCUMBERS


    LEMON CUCUMBERS


    ARMENIAN CUCUMBER

    JAPANESE CUCMBER


    WHITE CUCUMBERS

    ENGLISH (BURPLESS) CUCUMBERS

    PICKLING CUCUMBERS


    CUCUMBERS

    • Native to India

    • Commonly eaten raw – can be cooked

    • Peeled or unpeeled

    • 3 Basic Types

      • Slicing or Salad

      • Pickling

      • Gherkins


    CUCUMBERS

    • Commercial – wax coating

    • Shriveled ends = old

    • Bitter taste – growing conditions

    • Larger cukes = more seeds

    • Remove seeds & gel

      • More digestible for some

      • Prevents watering down dish


    SNAP BEANS(GREEN BEANS)


    SNAP/GREEN BEANS

    • Varieties

      • Edible pod beans

        • Snap

          • Green

          • Purple

            • turn green

              when cooked


    SNAP BEANS

    • Golden

    • Wax

      • Look waxy

      • Don’ taste it


    SNAP BEANS

    • Romano

      • Italian

      • Thicker,flatter

    • Haricot Vert

      • Filet beans

      • Pencil-thin


    PEPPERS(CHILES)


    Varities

    Sweet

    Bell

    Pimiento

    Banana

    Italian

    Hot

    Chile

    Jalapeno

    Serrano

    Tabasco

    Cayenne

    Hungarian Wax

    PEPPERS


    Capsaicin

    Heat

    Veins and seeds

    Not the walls

    Scoville Heat Units

    Measure of heat

    Jalapeno

    2,500 to 4,000

    Tabasco

    60,000 to 80,000

    Color not a factor


    OKRA


    OKRA

    • Varieties

      • Green

      • Red

      • White


    OKRA

    OKRA FLOWERHIBISCUS FLOWER


    OKRA

    • Large pods are tough

    • Does not store well

      • Toughens

      • Loses color

    • Came from Africa on slave ships.

    • Called “Lady Fingers”


    OKRA

    • Usually served hot

    • Sticky juice – cooked

    • Acts as thickener

    • Described as

      • Slimy

      • Ropy


    OKRA

    • Popular in:

      • India

      • Africa

      • Caribbean

      • Southern US

        • Cajun

        • Creole

    Sti


    OKRA

    • Cooking

      • Boil

      • Braise

      • Steam

      • Saute

      • Microwave

      • Fry

        • Southern US – dipped in cornmeal


    TOMATOES


    TOMATOES

    • Varieties

      • Over 500

      • Wide range of shapes, sizes, colors

    • 3 Categories

      • Cherry Tomatoes

      • Round/Slicing Tomatoes

      • Plum/Paste Tomatoes


    TOMATOES

    • Heirloom

      • Old, non hybrid varieties

    • Hybrid

      • A cross between 2 genetically different plants

    • Specialty

      • Different or unusual – might be a heirloom or a hybrid


    TOMATOES

    • Never refrigerate tomatoes – flavor loss

      • Exceptions: extreme heat, over ripe

    • Ripen in a brown bag out of sunlight

    • Vitamin A content determined by color

      • Orange – most

      • Red and yellow

      • White – the least

    • Nutrients in the gel around

      the seeds


    TOMATOES

    • Native to South America

    • Believed poisonous until 1700’s

    • In the top 5 favorite vegetables in US

    • Each American eats 20 lbs. of fresh tomatoes annually, plus 70 lbs. of processed-ketchup, salsa, BBQ sauce

    • Not a vegetable – a fruit

    • Lycopene & beta carotene give red tomatoes their color


    TOMATOES

    • Southern US favorite

      • Fried Green Tomatoes


    EGGPLANT


    EGGPLANT

    • Varieties

      • Color

        • Purple-black

        • Green

        • Pink

        • White

        • Yellow

        • Orange


    EGGPLANT

    • Shapes

      • Oval

      • Oblong

      • Round


    TURKISH EGGPLANT

    CHINESE EGGPLANT

    VIETNAMESE EGGPLANT


    AFRICAN EGGPLANT

    ROSA BIANCA – ITALIAN EGGPLANT

    AMERICAN EGGPLANT

    INDIAN EGGPLANT


    THAI EGGPLANT


    EGGPLANT

    • Name

      • Early fruit small, white, round

    • Culture

      • India or maybe China

      • Eggplant Parmigiana – Italy

      • Caponata – Italy

      • Ratatouille – France

      • Moussaka – Greece

      • Baba Ghanoush – Middle East


    EGGPLANT

    • Cooking

      • Never eaten raw

      • Cook thoroughly

      • Spongy texture

        • Soaks up oil

      • Cook quickly-hot pan

      • Salt and press prior to cooking

        • May remove bitterness


    EGGPLANT

    • Limited storage

    • Dull color, brown spots=old

    • Peeling

      • Depends on the recipe

      • Depends on the eggplant

        • older & tougher - yes

    • Discolors when cut

      • Oxidizes

        • lemon juice, water


    NOT EVERYONE LIKES EGGPLANT


    EGGPLANT – 0 – LANTERNS


    SUMMER SQUASH


    SUMMER SQUASH

    • Varieties

      • Chayote

      • Crook-necked

      • Scalloped/Pattypan

        • Green, yellow, white

      • Straight

        • Green, yellow

          • Zucchini

      • Round

        • Sunburst


    SUMMER SQUASH

    • Summer and Winter Squash

      • Both grown in summer

      • Summer is immature

      • Winter is mature

        • Harvested in fall

        • Hardened rind


    SUMMER SQUASH

    • Small are best – no longer than 8 inches

    • Round squash – no larger than 4” dia.

    • Larger squash = more and larger seeds

    • 95% water

    • Absorbs other flavors

    • Do not peel

    • Eat raw or cooked

    • Flowers are edible


    SUMMER SQUASH

    • Cooking

      • DO NOT OVERCOOK!

        • Steam

        • Sauté

        • Grill

        • Bake

        • Microwave

        • Stuff


    SUMMER SQUASH


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