Roots Up English - 3

Roots Up English - 3 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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vulcanize to treat raw rubber with heat and sulphur to make it harder and more durable ... dormouse sleeping (hibernating) mouse. HYPNOS. sleep. hypnosis sleep ...

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Roots Up English - 3

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1. Roots Up English - 3

Vocabulary building by using Greek and Latin root words

3. VULCANUS

4. Vulcan – Roman god of fire

volcano – a fracture in the earth pouring out hot magma volcanic – like or pertaining to volcanoes vulcanize – to treat raw rubber with heat and sulphur to make it harder and more durable vulcanology – (logos – word, study) – the study of volcanoes

5. HYDROS

6. water

hydroplane – (planus – flat surface) – boat that glides on the surface of the water hydrophobia – (phobos – fear) – fear of water hydrogen – (genos – origin) – a gas, which burned, produces water hydrophone – (phone – sound) – instrument to “hear” under water hydrology – (logos – word, study) – study of water

7. AQUA

8. water

aquarium – a pond or tank of water where fish or water plants can live aqueduct – (duco, ductum – lead) – a structure for bringing water to where it is needed aquaculture – (cultura – till, cultivate) – growing food in water (fish, oysters, etc.) aquifer – (fero, latum – carry) – layer under the earth where water flows

9. BONUS

10. good

bonus – something extra good bonny (Scottish) – good looking boon – a good deed; a favor bounteous – plenty of good bonanza (Spanish – fair weather, prosperity) – a rich find in a gold mine bounty – plenty or reward

11. HELIOS

12. sun

Helios – sun god; also cold Apollo or Phaethon heliotrope– (tropos– turn) – plant which turns toward the sun helium– light gas used in balloons helioscope – (skopeo – look) – telescope for looking at the sun heliometer – (metron –measure) – instrument for measuring the diameter of the sun

13. SOL

14. sun

solar – pertaining to the sun solarium– a sun dial; a glass-enclosed sun room solstice– (sisto, statum – set, cause to stand) – stopping or standing still of the sun parasol – (parare – Italian for “to ward off”) – a light portable sun shade solaster – (astron – star) – a star fish with more than five rays

15. LUNA

16. moon

lunar – of or pertaining to the moon lunatic – mad; affected by the moon lunacy – madness caused by the moonlight; “moonstruck” interlunar – (inter– between) – time between old and new moon when the moon is invisible lunambulist – (ambulo, ambulatum – walk) – one whose sleepwalking is supposedly caused by the moon

17. DIA

18. Through, between, across, apart

diabolical – (bole – shot, blow) – shot through, possessed (by a devil) diadem– (desmos – bond ) – bound across the forehead, a wreath or crown diagnosis– (gnosis – knowledge) – thorough knowledge diagram – (graph – write, draw) – a cross-sectional drawning

19. TRANS

20. Across, over, beyond, through

transport – (porto, portatum – carry) – carry across transaction – (ago, actum – do, drive) – trade, exchange transcript – (scribo, scriptum – write) – speech put into writing transplant – (planta – sprout, plant) – move a plant transparent – (pareo – appear) – appear or be seen through

21. GEO

22. earth

geography – (graph– write, drawn) – draw the earth (make maps) and write about it geology– (logos – word, study) – study of the earth and its formations geometry – (metron – measure) – branch of study on ways to measure the earth George – (ergon– work) – one who works the earth; a farmer

23. TERRA

24. land

territory – land under control of a governemnt or owner terrace – raised platform of earth terra cotta– (coquo, coctum – cook) – “cooked earth,” fired clay pottery, tiles, etc. terrestrial – pertaining to the earth extraterrestrial – (extra – outside) – outside the earth’s atmosphere terrrier – small dog which hunts for burrowing game

25. DORMIO / DORMITUM

26. sleep

dormant – sleeping dormitory – place for sleeping dormer window – bedroom window set in a roof dormeuse – railway sleeping car dormouse – sleeping (hibernating) mouse

27. HYPNOS

28. sleep

hypnosis – sleep-like state controlled by hypnotizer hypnotic – tending to induce sleep hypnotherapy - (therapeia – treatment ) – treatment of disease by hypnosis hypnophobia – (phobos – fear) – fear of sleep Hypnosis – god of sleep in Greek mythology; Somnus

29. ANNUS

30. year

annual – yearly anniversary – (verto, versum – turn ) – celebration marking the turning of a year biennial – (bi – two) – every two years biannual – (bi – two) – occurring twice a year perennial – (per – through) – through the years annals – historical events recorded year by year

31. LITHOS

32. stone

lithograph – (graph – write, draw) – picture drawn on stone so the stone can “draw a picture” monolith – (monos – one, alone ) – lone stone lithology – (logos – word, study) – study of rocks or stone lithosphere – (sphaira – ball, globe) – rocky crust of the Earth neolithic – (neo – new) – new or late stone age

33. PETROS

34. rock, stone

petrified – (facio, factum – make, do) – made into stone petrification – process of making into stone Peter – name which means “reliable, like a rock” petroleum – (oleum – olive, olive oil) – oil from rocks petroglyph – (glyphein – carve) – rock carving

35. ASTRON

36. star

aster – star-shaped flower astronomer– (onoma – name) – one who studies stars asteroid – (eidos – form) – in the form of a star disaster – (dis– separation or parting from) – separation from the good influence of friendly stars Astrodome – covered stadium where sports stars perform

37. STELLA

38. star

stellar – pertaining to a star or stars constellation – (cum – together, between ) – group of stars interstellar – (inter – between) – between the stars stellerid – a star fish

39. DENDRON

40. tree

rhododendron – (rhodos – rose, red) – evergreen shrub with large flowers dendrometer – (metron – measure ) – instrument for measuring the height and diameter of trees dendrophile – (philia – lover) – a lover of trees dendrolite – (lithos – stone) – petrified or fossil trees

41. ARBOR / ARBORIS

42. tree

arboretum – public garden where trees are cultivated and exhibited Arbor Day – day designated for planing trees, usually in the spring arborvitae – (vita – life) – “tree of life” and evergreen tree of the cypress family bearing cones (conifer) aboraceous – full of trees, wooded

43. CHRONOS

44. time

synchronize – (syn – together, same) – do at the same time chronometer – (metron – measure) – device to measure time chronic – over a period of time; “from time to time.” chronology – (logos – word, study) – related to the events in time sequence

45. TEMPUS / TEMPORIS

46. time

temporal – pertaining to time temporary – for a limited time extemporaneously – (ex – out) speak or act at (or out of) the time; without preparation contemporaries – people who are alive at the same time tempo – (Italian from Latin) – time in music; rate of speed at which the piece of music moves

47. PARA

48. beside, along with

parable – (ballein– to throw) – to throw a story in for comparison while teaching a lesson or moral parachute– (cadere – to fall ) – goes along with you as you fall and it slows you down parenthesis – (thesis – place) – a statement placed beside (or within) the main sentence parallel – (allos– other) – lying along side of another line but not touching it

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