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Cognitive Science in Bratislava, Slovakia. Roadmap of the Talk. History of Cognitive Science in Slovakia Education in CogSci in Slovakia Research & Project Opportunities. History of CogSci in Slovakia. origins in 1980s ...

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Cognitive Science in Bratislava, Slovakia

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Cognitive Sciencein Bratislava, Slovakia

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Roadmap of the Talk

  • History of Cognitive Science in Slovakia

  • Education in CogSci in Slovakia

  • Research & Project Opportunities

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History of CogSci in Slovakia

  • origins in 1980s...

  • paper Kováč L.: Introduction to Cognitive Biology, Biologické listy 53, 1986.

  • 1990s: seminar Cognitive Science for students of AI (E. Gál)

  • edition of antology of papers Gál E., Kelemen J.: Myseľ, telo, stroj (Mind – body - machine), 1992.

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First interdisciplinary contacts

  • Prof. Ladislav Kováč –founder of cognitive biology (also at Konrad Lorenz Institute, Altenberg), biochemistry

  • Prof. Vladimír Kvasnička – theoretical chemistry, neural and evolutionary modeling

  • Ing. Egon Gál – philosophy of mind

  • doc. Ján Rybár – cognitive psychology, epistemology

  • Prof. Jozef Kelemen – AI, multiagent systems

  • Prof. Ivan Žucha – psychiatry

  • doc. Martin Kanovský – cognitive anthropology

  • doc. Ľubica Beňušková – neuroscience, neurogenetics (also at Univ. of Vienna)

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History of CogSci in Slovakia – contd.

  • annual interdisciplinary seminar Cognitive Sciences at the Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology 1998-2001.

  • first Slovak monography Beňušková Ľ. et al.: Hľadanie spoločného jazyka v kognitívnych vedách (Quest for a Common Language in Cognitive Sciences), 2000.

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Annual Czech-Slovak conference Cognition and Artificial Life

  • 2001 Smolenice, SK

  • 2002 Mílovy, CZ

  • 2003 High Tatras, SK

  • 2004 Hradec nad Moravicí, CZ

  • 2005 Smolenice, SK

  • 2006 Třešť, CZ

  • 2007 Smolenice, SK

  • 2008 Prague, CZ

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  • first Slovak textbook Rybár J. et al. (eds.): Kognitívne vedy (Cognitive Sciences), 2002.

  • Rybár et al. (eds.): Jazyk a kognícia (Language and Cognition), 2005.

  • in preparation: Mozog a myseľ (Brain and Mind)

  • books on related subjects…

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Education in Cognitive Science

  • Middle European Interdisciplinary Master Programme in Cognitive Science

  • joint Masters Program in Cognitive Science

    • Faculty of Math., Physics, and Informatics(FMFI UK)

    • Faculty of Social and Economical Sciences (FSES UK)

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Education in Cognitive Science at FMFI UK

  • MEiCogSci

  • Cognitive Sciences – 2 semester open whole-university lectures (foreign guests: P. Gärdenfors, W. Haselager, I. M. Havel, J. Kelemen, S.Reiterer, W. van Heuven, M. Kovacevic, M. Mayberry, L. Ropolyi)

  • related subjects of AI (NN, neurocomputing, knowledge representation, comp. linguisitics, machine learning, cogn. psychology, etc.)

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Education in Cognitive Science at FSES UK

  • MEiCogSci

  • associated subjects…

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Department of Applied Informatics FMFI UK

  • history: Department of Artificial Intelligence, Institute of Informatics

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Structure of KAI FMFI UK

  • Artificial Intelligence

  • Computer Graphics

  • Declarative Programing

  • Cognitive Science Centre

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Research Areas

  • cognitive modeling with focus on linguistics

  • cognitive semantics

  • knowledge representation and dynamic logic programming

  • neurocomputing

  • cognitive psychology, filosophy of language, filosophy of cognitive sciences

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Cognitive Modeling

  • Topic: Modeling complex systems with neural networks with focus onlinguistics

  • People: Igor Farkaš, Mária Markošová

  • Means:

    • small-world networks

    • neural network modeling

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Cognitive Modeling – contd.

  • Small-world networks

    • typical properties (small average path length b/w two nodes, high clustering),scale-free organization

    • lexicon as a small-world network (graph whose nodes = words, edges = semantic associations b/w words)

    • growing networks, analysis of dynamics

  • Neural network modeling

    • focus on recurrent self-organizing models and echo state networks

    • representing sequences and trees - modeling language learning (e.g. via next-word prediction task)

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Cognitive Modeling – contd.

  • Recently published results (selected):

  • I. Farkas, M. Crocker: Recurrent networks and natural language: exploiting self-organization. In Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Vancouver, Canada, pp. 1275-1280, 2006.

  • I. Farkas: Self-organization as a driving force for dynamic patterns of activity in brain and mind (in Slovak). In J. Kelemen J. and V. Kvasnicka (Eds.): Cognition and artificial life VI, Trest, Czech Republic, pp. 143-148, 2006.

  • P. Tino, I. Farkas, J. van Mourik: Dynamics and Topographic Organization of Recursive Self-Organizing Maps. Neural Computation, 18, pp. 2529-2567, 2006.

  • M. Markosova: Language as a small world network (in Slovak), in Language and cognition, editors Rybar, Kvasnicka, Farkas, Kalligram, Bratislava, 2005, page 306

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Cognitive Semantics, Modeling of Language Origins and Acquisition

  • Topic: Cognitive Semantics for Dynamic Environments

    • Symbol Grounding: Building semantic representations from scratch by sensory motor and linguistic interactions with the environment and community

    • Interactions between language and meanings in the acquisition process

    • Influence of the dynamics of interactions

  • People: Martin Takáč + students

  • Means: Multi-agent systems simulations

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Cognitive Semantics, Modeling of Language Origins and Acquisition – contd.

  • Recently published results (selected):

    • Takáč, M.: Autonomous Construction of Ecologically and Socially Relevant Semantics. Cognitive Systems Research, in press.

    • Takáč, M.: Construction of Meanings in Living and Artificial Agents. In: Trajkovski, G., Collins, S. G. (eds.): Agent-Based Societies: Social and Cultural Interactions, IGI Global, Hershey, PA, in press.

    • Takáč, M.: Categorization by Sensory-Motor Interaction in Artificial Agents, in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Cognitive Modeling, Trieste, Italy, 2006.

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Knowledge representation

  • Topics:

    • Logic-based knowledge representation.

    • Nonmonotonic reasoning.

    • Logicprogramming.

    • Dynamic logic programming.

    • Belief revision.

    • Descriptionlogics, ontologies, semantic web.

    • Modal logics.

  • People: Ján Šefránek + students

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Knowledge representation– contd.

  • Recently published results (selected):

    • Martin Homola: Dynamic Logic Programming: Various Semantics are Equivalenton Acyclic Programs. In Leite, Torroni (eds.) Computational Logic inMulti-Agent Systems. Springer 2005.

    • Jozef Siska: Dynamic Logic Programming and world state evaluation incomputer games. Proc. of the Workshop on Logic Programming, WLP, Vienna,2006: 64-70

    • Jan Sefranek: Irrelevant updates and nonmonotonic assumtions. Logics inArtificla Intelligence. Springer 2006.

    • Jan Sefranek: Rethinking semanticsof dynamic logic programming. Proc. of the Workshop on NonmonotonicReasoning, NMR 2006, Lake District, UK

    • Jan Sefranek and Jozef Siska:Irrelevant updates of nonmonotonic knowledge bases. Proc. of the EuropeanConference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 2006)

    • Jan Sefranek:Nonmonotonic integrity constraints. 10th Workshop on logic programming(WLP), Vienna 2006

    • Jan Sefranek: Semantic considerations on rejection Proc. of NMR 2004, Whistler, BC, Canada.

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Computational Neurogenetics

  • Topic:

    • Computational Modelling of Genes, Proteins and Brain Functions - the world’s first theoretical framework and original computational models of biologically plausible artificial neural networks that simulate neural activity of certain brain areas in relation to internal networks of genes

  • People:

    • Ľubica Beňušková (Director of the Center for Neuroinformatics and Brain Study )

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Computational Neurogenetics

  • Recently published results (selected):

    • Benuskova L. and Kasabov N. (2007) Computational Neurogenetic Modeling. Springer, New York.

    • Kasabov N. and Benuskova L. (2005) Neuro-, genetic-, and neurogenetic information processing. In: Handbook of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, vol X, pp. 1-38, M. Rieth and W. Schommers (eds), American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles.

    • Kasabov N. and Benuskova L. (2004) Computational neurogenetics. Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, 1(1): 47-61.

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Cognitive Science Centre

  • Topic: Philosophical problems of Cognitive Science

    • Ján Rybár (popularization of cognitive science, cognitive psychology, optical illusions)

    • Dezider Kamhal (philosophy of language, speech acts theory, pragmatics, L. Wittgenstein)

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Related AI research

  • Topics:

    • expert systems

    • speech recognition and synthesis

    • quantum computing

    • parallel computing

    • declarative programming

    • robotics

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Joint Laboratoryof Mobile Robotics

  • Topics: teleoperated mobile robotics, autonomous mobile robotics,image processing, articial intelligence, sensor fusion,embedded systems, multi-agent systems, wirelesscommunications, education / e-learning

  • People: Richard Balogh, Andy Lúčny, Pavel Petrovič


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