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Topic 1 ~ PARENTHOOD. Year 10 Child Development . Lesson 6 ~ Provision of a Safe Environment . Lesson Objectives . During this lesson you will learn about the need for safety both indoors and outdoors and in relation to pets, toys and equipment.

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Year 10 Child Development

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Topic 1 ~ PARENTHOOD

Year 10 Child Development

Lesson 6 ~

Provision of a Safe Environment


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Lesson Objectives

  • During this lesson you will learn about the need for safety both indoors and outdoors and in relation to pets, toys and equipment.

  • During this lesson you will understand what causes accidents in the home and outside of the home and how to prevent these from happening.

  • During this lesson you will learn simple first aid and treatment of minor injuries.


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Safety at Home

These general safety rules should be followed at home.

  • Cover sockets

  • Use good lighting

  • Use fire guards and radiator guards

  • Use protective film or safety glass, and fit child resistant window locks.

  • Use door slam protectors

  • Don’t have worn or damaged carpets

  • Use safety gates

  • Have tidy floors and stairs, and mop up spills

  • Install smoke and carbon dioxide alarms.


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Safety in the Kitchen

  • Keep sharp tools and glasses out of reach

  • Use the least toxic cleaning products, with child resistant lids and keep them locked away

  • Install safety catches on the washing machine, tumble dryer, fridge and freezer

  • Don’t use table cloths and supervise very closely of the child is helping

  • Use cooker guard and keep handles facing inwards


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Safety in the Living Room

  • Have stable, solid furniture, and use corner guards

  • Puts locks on DVD/video player

  • Keep breakable ornaments and poisonous plants out of reach of babies/children


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Safety in the Bedroom

  • Keep your bed away from the window/radiator

  • Don’t use hot water bottles or free standing heaters and wear flame resistant night wear.


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Safety Outside

  • When children are playing outside, make sure there are no broken walls or fences, and keep gates locked

  • Remove any animal faeces

  • Garden tools and chemicals should be locked away

  • Children should wear protective clothing like helmets, knee pads when appropriate.

  • Use child friendly garden products and don’t grow poisonous plants

  • Remove or fence off garden ponds

  • Supervise bbq’s and garden bonfires


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Safety in play areas and parks

  • Fenced off equipment

  • No rubbish or doggie dirt

  • Swings with rubber seats or cradle seats for toddlers

  • Low level climbing equipment

  • Slides set in banks and slopes

  • Regular maintenance checks


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Personal Safety

  • Without scaring children, parents should teach them about ‘stranger danger’ using suitable books, DVDs and role play.

  • This message can be reinforced by nursery schools, playgroups, etc

  • If children are lost, they should know to stand still and wait until they’re found.

  • They should say ‘NO’ if anyone makes them feel uncomfortable and tell a trusted adult immediately.


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Task 1

  • On an A5 piece of paper write a list of points that parents must be aware of for a child’s personal safety.

  • You could explain how to advise children of stranger danger

  • You could explain how to advise children of how to say ‘no’ and what to do if any one approaches them

  • The website RoSPA will help with safety pointers as well


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Car and Road Safety

  • Legally children travelling by car must use the correct safety restraint, which should conform to EEC regulations (European Economic Community)

  • After a car accident the seat should be replaced

  • Air bags should be immobilised if a child travels in the front seat.


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Car safety

You should …

  • Use child locks on car doors

  • Not leave your child unattended in a car

  • Fit child restraints correctly, and adjust them on every journey.

  • Choose a restraint for the weight and size of the child rather than their age.

  • Some restraints fit into more than one stage, because they can be converted


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Practise road safety

  • Hold your child’s hand crossing the road or use reins/a wrist lead

  • Setting a good example

  • Making sure that your child wears bright, reflecting clothes

  • Teach your child the green cross code

  • Click the link below to watch 3 videos on road safety

  • http://talesoftheroad.direct.gov.uk/


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Task 2

  • Write a poem that will help a parent teach a child about road safety


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Safety with Supermarket Trolleys

  • Large supermarkets have a range of trolleys available.

  • Always choose the correct one for the weight and age of the baby ensuring that they are securely fastened in.


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Safety with Pets

  • Hands should always be washed after touching pets

  • Pets should be checked and treated for fleas and worms regularly

  • Pets should not be allowed to lick people

  • Pets should be not be allowed to urinate in the house or leave faeces in the house

  • Pets dirt should be cleaned up and washed thoroughly.


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Safety with toys

  • Safety symbols that parent should look at are…..

The kitemark shows that the product meets the relevant standards and has been independently tested. The kitemark represents the British Standards Institute, the product must pass certain safety tests before this symbol is displayed on it.

The CE mark shows that the product has passed European Economic Community Standards and is safe for the consumer to use

The Lion Mark shows that the toys have met British Toy and Hobby association Standards.


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Types of Accidents

  • Drowning

  • Poisoning

  • Falls

  • Suffocation

  • Scalds and burns

  • Choking

  • Road accidents


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How accidents can impact on development

  • A girl of 10 years old was playing in her cul-de-sac, a milk float hit her, she is now 35 years old and has brain damage along with epilepsy.

  • A 6 month old baby boy was sitting on his mums knee when she accidentally spilt a hot cup of tea on him. The boy who is now 12 years old is scared all down the left side of his face and his chest. He has had to have several skin grafts to repair the damage.


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Task 3 ~ homework

  • To prevent accidents parents need to have some understanding of development so that they can be one step ahead and spot potential hazards before they become dangerous for the child.

  • Write a list of accidents that could occur during the following ages.

  • 6 months, 8 months, 12 months, 2 years, 3 years, 4 years.


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Basic First Aid

Low allergy plasters

Tweezers

Calamine lotion

Bandages, crepe and triangular

Antiseptic cream

Gauze dressing

Anti-sting cream

Adhesive tape

Paper tissues

Eye bath, sterile eye pads

Antiseptic wipes


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What to do in times of injury

Copy and complete on an A3 sheet of paper with the person sitting next to you


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Plenary ~ quick questions

  • Which of the following doesn’t potentially cause scalds or burns. A, hot drinks. B, Bath. C, Iron. D, plastic bag

  • If your child is ill when should you get help from a hospital? A, the child has no appetite. B, the child has breathing difficulties. C, the child has a temperature of 37degrees. D, the child has been sick.

  • How can you teach the green cross code and the dangers of traffic to children?

  • Where would you find The Lion Mark?


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