Party as organization
1 / 10

Party as Organization - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Party as Organization. Last week The personal vote Ballot reforms, communications technology and the political economy of modern campaigns Party as Organization. 2nd Homework assignment. Due in class Oct. 22

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Party as Organization' - Jims

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Party as organization l.jpg

Party as Organization

Last week

The personal vote

Ballot reforms, communications technology and the political economy of modern campaigns

Party as Organization

2nd homework assignment l.jpg
2nd Homework assignment

  • Due in class Oct. 22

  • abstract: put it on your title page; one paragraph that states the take-home message of your essay (along the lines of “I argue that … because ….”

  • 3-paragraph introduction: hook, thesis, roadmap

    • hook: state your question and something about why it is important.

    • thesis: state your answer to the question, including at least a hint of why your answer is a good one.

    • roadmap: what are the key points you want your reader to pay attention to in your argument?

The personal vote l.jpg
The personal vote

  • states varied in their election timing, but federal election dates were standardized before the Civil War

  • If the federal office on the ballot is way more important than other offices, voter choice at the “top” of the ticket determines choice of ticket

    • personal characteristics of candidates at the top of the ticket matter

    • reelection strategies: advertising, position-taking, claiming credit

    • collective policies are problematic for credit-claiming

    • incentives to personalize policy actions for voters

Problems with the personal vote l.jpg
Problems with the personal vote

  • Multiple offices on a party-strip ballot create “free-riding” opportunities

  • Party organizations built on patronage may induce inefficiently large government

    • this is a form of rent-seeking; encourages third-party entry

  • Australian ballot and primary elections allow voters to hold individual candidates accountable for their performance, but make it harder to hold a party collectively accountable

Evolution of campaigning l.jpg
Evolution of campaigning

  • 19th-century campaigns depended on party labor to spread the message and get out the vote

  • Ballot reforms allowed voters to hold individual incumbents accountable at the expense of collective responsibility

  • Personal accountability  incentive to have personal organization  incentive to raise money to hire staff and expert advisers

  • Radio, telephone, automobiles all dramatically lower the costs of communicating with individual, distributed voters. Each costs money

Party as organization6 l.jpg
Party as organization

  • Scott Lay discussed the structure of party organizations in Calif. and the U.S.

    • the parties are quasi-public entities; their structure and governance in Calif. are regulated by state law

    • central authority in each constituency that controls use of the brandname; functions include authorizing clubs to use the brandname; candidate recruitment; fundraising; coordinating campaign efforts; some policy advocacy

Local machines l.jpg
Local machines

  • 19th century party organizations tightly tied together electoral activities with governance activities

    • before synchronous mass communications, campaigning was highly distributed, highly personal

    • few government jobs were “professional”; most changed hands with changes in administration or “patron” – hence, “patronage” jobs

Progressive populist reforms l.jpg
Progressive/Populist reforms

  • Pendleton Act of 1883, municipal and state reform movements in 1880s-1900s pushed for increased efficiency and accountability in government

    • many gov’t jobs became professional civil service positions (careerist, not partisan)

    • many other gov’t jobs were outsourced via contracting, which allows for competitive bidding

  • Sources of pressure: Tiebout hypothesis about competition for resources

Ballot change and reform l.jpg
Ballot Change and Reform

  • Australian ballot separates co-partisans on a ticket; each is more responsible for his/her own electoral fate than under party strip

  • Primary elections open greater opportunities for within-party competition for nominations

    • primary electorate is (potentially) much broader than old convention-style nominations

    • party hierarchy risks splitting the party when it gets involved in primaries

Communications and party structure l.jpg
Communications and Party Structure

  • Synchronous mass communications technology (radio, tv) allows the candidate to speak directly to voters. Greater control of the message; shift from labor to cash as key resource

  • telephone and direct mail strategies also reduce dependency on labor, increase need for cash

  • parties switch from managing labor to fundraising as key function