Party organization and functions
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Party Organization and Functions. Party Organization. Party Memberships 2 Major American Parties: Republicans and Democrats No formal requirements for membership affiliation declared at registration . Organization. Local: Grassroots, the underestimated force

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Party Organization and Functions

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Party organization
Party Organization

  • Party Memberships

    • 2 Major American Parties: Republicans and Democrats

    • No formal requirements for membership

    • affiliation declared at registration


Organization
Organization

  • Local: Grassroots, the underestimated force

    • Divided by precincts, led by Precinct captain

    • neighboring precincts form Wards, represented at county committee

  • State: State Central Committee

    • made up of county representatives, led by state chairperson

    • help elect members to state government positions

  • National: Three Parts

    • National Convention: meets every four years to elect party’s candidate for POTUS

    • National Committee: led my national chairperson, runs party operations and raises money

    • Congressional campaign committee: raises money and identifies candidate to run in congressional elections



Party functions1
Party Functions

Recruit candidates

  • Most important function

    • must be appealing, share basic ideology

      Educate the Public

  • take positions on important issues

  • Frame the opposition


Party functions2
Party Functions

Operate the government

  • agendas in line with party platforms

  • ties together branches

    Dispense patronage

  • jobs, appointments, contracts

  • The Pendleton Act (1883)


Party functions3
Party Functions

The Loyal Opposition

  • provides alternative to party in power

  • fights to preserve the rights of the minority

    Reduce conflict

  • builds coalitions of interest groups

  • moderate policies, mass appeal


Nominating candidates
Nominating Candidates

  • Historical Methods

    • Caucus … still used, most notably in Iowa

    • National Convention

  • Direct Primary System

    • Determine votes of Convention Delegates

    • Closed vs. Open Primary

    • Caucuses vs. primaries

  • Criticisms:

    • Front loading; Image over issues


The national convention
The National Convention

  • Pre-election meeting of the national party

  • Bound vs. Unbound delegates

  • Superdelegates

  • Determines the party’s ticket & finalizes the platform

  • Criticism: operates more as a pep rally than serious meeting



Why has the two party system persisted in the united states
WHY HAS THE TWO-PARTY SYSTEM PERSISTED IN THE UNITED STATES?

  • Plurality System

  • Voter Opinion

  • State Laws

  • Minor Parties

  • Ideological

  • One-issue

  • Economic-protest

  • Factional


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