Party organization and functions
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Party Organization and Functions. Party Organization. Party Memberships 2 Major American Parties: Republicans and Democrats No formal requirements for membership affiliation declared at registration . Organization. Local: Grassroots, the underestimated force

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Party Organization and Functions

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Party organization and functions

Party Organization and Functions


Party organization

Party Organization

  • Party Memberships

    • 2 Major American Parties: Republicans and Democrats

    • No formal requirements for membership

    • affiliation declared at registration


Organization

Organization

  • Local: Grassroots, the underestimated force

    • Divided by precincts, led by Precinct captain

    • neighboring precincts form Wards, represented at county committee

  • State: State Central Committee

    • made up of county representatives, led by state chairperson

    • help elect members to state government positions

  • National: Three Parts

    • National Convention: meets every four years to elect party’s candidate for POTUS

    • National Committee: led my national chairperson, runs party operations and raises money

    • Congressional campaign committee: raises money and identifies candidate to run in congressional elections


Party functions

Party Functions


Party functions1

Party Functions

Recruit candidates

  • Most important function

    • must be appealing, share basic ideology

      Educate the Public

  • take positions on important issues

  • Frame the opposition


Party functions2

Party Functions

Operate the government

  • agendas in line with party platforms

  • ties together branches

    Dispense patronage

  • jobs, appointments, contracts

  • The Pendleton Act (1883)


Party functions3

Party Functions

The Loyal Opposition

  • provides alternative to party in power

  • fights to preserve the rights of the minority

    Reduce conflict

  • builds coalitions of interest groups

  • moderate policies, mass appeal


Nominating candidates

Nominating Candidates

  • Historical Methods

    • Caucus … still used, most notably in Iowa

    • National Convention

  • Direct Primary System

    • Determine votes of Convention Delegates

    • Closed vs. Open Primary

    • Caucuses vs. primaries

  • Criticisms:

    • Front loading; Image over issues


The national convention

The National Convention

  • Pre-election meeting of the national party

  • Bound vs. Unbound delegates

  • Superdelegates

  • Determines the party’s ticket & finalizes the platform

  • Criticism: operates more as a pep rally than serious meeting


Ticket splitting and voting for the opposition

Ticket splitting and voting for the opposition


Why has the two party system persisted in the united states

WHY HAS THE TWO-PARTY SYSTEM PERSISTED IN THE UNITED STATES?

  • Plurality System

  • Voter Opinion

  • State Laws

  • Minor Parties

  • Ideological

  • One-issue

  • Economic-protest

  • Factional


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