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Marine Invasive Species & Ballast Water Management. Adnan Awad Director IOI-SA Technical Director (Marine) - GISP. Marine Invasive Species . Free Flood Spaces. Propellers. Sea Chests. Pipework. Hull. Docking Block Locations. Pathways. Ballast Water . How far have we come?.

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Marine Invasive Species & Ballast Water Management

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Marine Invasive Species &

Ballast Water Management

Adnan Awad

Director IOI-SA

Technical Director (Marine) - GISP


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Marine Invasive Species


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Free Flood Spaces

Propellers

Sea Chests

Pipework

Hull

Docking Block Locations

Pathways


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Ballast Water

How far have we come?


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International Progress


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Safer Shipping …..

Cleaner Oceans…

International Maritime Organization

International Convention on the Management of Ships’ Ballast Water & Sediments - 2004

Convention Guidelines

Integrated Technical Co-operation Programme (ITCP)

IMO-GEF-UNDP GloBallast Programme


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Article 5 - Sediment Reception Facilities

  • where cleaning and repair of BW tanks occurs

  • Safe disposal of sediments (should not damage the environment)


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Port State Control

Obligations:

  • Enact domestic laws

  • Establish Compliance Monitoring & Enforcement System

  • Sediment Reception Facilities

    Needs:

  • Training & Capacity Building

  • Guidelines & Technologies

  • Institutional Coordination


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Contracting Parties as of September 2010

Marshall Islands

Mexico

Netherlands

Nigeria

Norway

Republic of Korea

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Sierra Leone

South Africa

Spain

Sweden

Syrian Arab Republic

Tuvalu

Albania

Antigua and Barbuda

Barbados

Brazil

Canada

Cook Islands 

Croatia

Egypt

France

Kenya

Kiribati

Liberia

Maldives


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“Pollution Crimes Cost Greek Shipper $2.7 Million, Ships Barred from USA, NEW ORLEANS, Louisiana”

December 11, 2009

  • Polembros Shipping Ltd., a Greek ship management company, was sentenced federal court in New Orleans to pay $2.7 million criminal fine for violating anti-pollution laws, ship safety laws, and making false statements during a U.S. Coast Guard investigation of the cargo ship M/V Theotokos. Polembros was also ordered to pay a separate $100,000 community service payment to the Smithsonian Environmental Research Centre

  • The criminal prosecutions are under the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990. This law established a national ballast water control program in an attempt to prevent invasive aquatic species from entering U.S. waters.

  • Polembros pleaded guilty on September 30 to violating the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act by failing to maintain accurate ballast water records.

  • The court ordered that all ships owned or managed by Polembros, currently 20 vessels, will be barred from entering U.S. ports and territorial waters for three years as a condition of the probation imposed by the court.


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Ballast Water Management Approach

  • Awareness Raising

  • Political engagement

  • Policy and legislation development

  • Risk assessment

  • Biological surveys (Ports)

  • Compliance monitoring

  • Regional Strategy Development


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Regional Approach in Africa

  • Regional Strategies under development

  • Facilitation through LME’s (e.g. ASCLME)

  • Engagement through NC/AC

  • Important role for PMAWCA, PMAESA, PENAf


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WIO / ASCLME Region

Existing regional frameworks:

  • ASCLME project

  • PMAESA, PENAf

  • Nairobi Convention (UNEP)

  • Scientific networks (WIOMSA, SAMSS)

Past progress:

  • Draft SEA Regional Strategy

  • National meetings

  • IMO engagement


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Int’l Partnership Approach

Targeting developing countries & regions:

  • Raise awareness

  • Develop appropriate tools

  • Build capacity for management


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Policy & Regulations

National level:

  • Development of BW Policy (Dept of Environment)

  • BW inclusion in Biodiversity & Ports Acts

  • Ratification of IMO BW Convention

  • Development of SA BW Act (ongoing)

  • Concurrent development of regulations

    • Port & Flag State Control


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Policy & Regulations

Regional level:

  • Assistance with Strategy development for BWM for sub-regions

    • WACAF

    • Southern & East Africa

    • PERSGA

    • Mediterranean

  • Institutionalization within operational frameworks

  • Pollution Conventions


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Policy Development & Guidelines

  • Review of IMO approach

  • Rapid assessment of national ability for implementation of BW regime

  • Template for status report to IMO

  • Co-published IOI - IMO/GBP

  • Available in hard copy or pdfhttp://globallast.imo.org


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GISP Tools

Available in PDF at www.gisp.org


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Int’l Port Survey Protocols

New guidelines to

be development


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Mombasa Port Survey Training Workshop


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Mombasa Port Survey Training Workshop


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Risk Assessment database


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BWRA – Ship BW info


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BWRA - Bioregions


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BWRA - Overall Risk


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Ship-board treatment technologies


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South African BWT System

Resource Ballast Technologies

10 Inch System

6 Inch System


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History of Testing


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Test Facility

  • Quay-side location in Port of Cape Town

  • Pump from/to natural coastal waters

  • Advanced technologies with broad application

  • Suitable for expansion to training centre


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Testing for IMO Approval

Active Substances:

  • Chronic & acute toxicity

  • Health & Safety, corrosivity

    Efficacy:

  • Compliance with IMO D-2 Standard

  • Removal/de-activation of organisms by size class


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Current State of Technologies

  • 47 Companies currently active

  • Capacities ranging from 100-10000 m3/hr

  • +/- 150 systems installed on vessels

    • From 27 different suppliers

  • 10 Systems with IMO Certification & Type Approval


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International Preparedness

Shipping Industry:

  • +/- 80,000 vessels in world fleet

  • Approx 30 installations/day to comply with IMO Convention

    National Administrations:

  • Regulatory Framework

  • Management capacity

    • Port & Flag State Responsibilities


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Capacity Building

Short Courses:

  • Introductory Course on Ballast Water Management

  • Management of Invasive Species in Marine & Coastal Environments

  • Training Course on Port Biological Baseline Surveys


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Projects addressing other vectors

Biofouling:

  • Yachts & Marinas

  • Oil rigs

    Aquaculture:

  • Water treatment for land-based facilities pumping to/from coastal waters


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Moving forward…

Increase Integration:

  • Addressing all vectors

  • As part of ICOM

  • Between sectors

    • i.e. Environment & Maritime Administrations

  • In Partnerships, projects & initiatives


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Thank You


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