Marine Invasive Species &
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Ballast Water Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ballast Water Management

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Marine Invasive Species &

Ballast Water Management

Adnan Awad

Director IOI-SA

Technical Director (Marine) - GISP

Marine Invasive Species

Free Flood Spaces


Sea Chests



Docking Block Locations


Ballast Water

How far have we come?

International Progress

Safer Shipping ..

Cleaner Oceans

International Maritime Organization

International Convention on the Management of Ships Ballast Water & Sediments - 2004

Convention Guidelines

Integrated Technical Co-operation Programme (ITCP)

IMO-GEF-UNDP GloBallast Programme

Article 5 - Sediment Reception Facilities

  • where cleaning and repair of BW tanks occurs

  • Safe disposal of sediments (should not damage the environment)

Port State Control


  • Enact domestic laws

  • Establish Compliance Monitoring & Enforcement System

  • Sediment Reception Facilities


  • Training & Capacity Building

  • Guidelines & Technologies

  • Institutional Coordination

Contracting Parties as of September 2010

Marshall Islands





Republic of Korea

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Sierra Leone

South Africa



Syrian Arab Republic



Antigua and Barbuda




Cook Islands








Pollution Crimes Cost Greek Shipper $2.7 Million, Ships Barred from USA, NEW ORLEANS, Louisiana

December 11, 2009

  • Polembros Shipping Ltd., a Greek ship management company, was sentenced federal court in New Orleans to pay $2.7 million criminal fine for violating anti-pollution laws, ship safety laws, and making false statements during a U.S. Coast Guard investigation of the cargo ship M/V Theotokos. Polembros was also ordered to pay a separate $100,000 community service payment to the Smithsonian Environmental Research Centre

  • The criminal prosecutions are under the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990. This law established a national ballast water control program in an attempt to prevent invasive aquatic species from entering U.S. waters.

  • Polembros pleaded guilty on September 30 to violating the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act by failing to maintain accurate ballast water records.

  • The court ordered that all ships owned or managed by Polembros, currently 20 vessels, will be barred from entering U.S. ports and territorial waters for three years as a condition of the probation imposed by the court.

Ballast Water Management Approach

  • Awareness Raising

  • Political engagement

  • Policy and legislation development

  • Risk assessment

  • Biological surveys (Ports)

  • Compliance monitoring

  • Regional Strategy Development

Regional Approach in Africa

  • Regional Strategies under development

  • Facilitation through LMEs (e.g. ASCLME)

  • Engagement through NC/AC

  • Important role for PMAWCA, PMAESA, PENAf


Existing regional frameworks:

  • ASCLME project


  • Nairobi Convention (UNEP)

  • Scientific networks (WIOMSA, SAMSS)

Past progress:

  • Draft SEA Regional Strategy

  • National meetings

  • IMO engagement

Intl Partnership Approach

Targeting developing countries & regions:

  • Raise awareness

  • Develop appropriate tools

  • Build capacity for management

Policy & Regulations

National level:

  • Development of BW Policy (Dept of Environment)

  • BW inclusion in Biodiversity & Ports Acts

  • Ratification of IMO BW Convention

  • Development of SA BW Act (ongoing)

  • Concurrent development of regulations

    • Port & Flag State Control

Policy & Regulations

Regional level:

  • Assistance with Strategy development for BWM for sub-regions

    • WACAF

    • Southern & East Africa

    • PERSGA

    • Mediterranean

  • Institutionalization within operational frameworks

  • Pollution Conventions

Policy Development & Guidelines

  • Review of IMO approach

  • Rapid assessment of national ability for implementation of BW regime

  • Template for status report to IMO

  • Co-published IOI - IMO/GBP

  • Available in hard copy or pdf

GISP Tools

Available in PDF at

Intl Port Survey Protocols

New guidelines to

be development

Mombasa Port Survey Training Workshop

Mombasa Port Survey Training Workshop

Risk Assessment database

BWRA Ship BW info

BWRA - Bioregions

BWRA - Overall Risk

Ship-board treatment technologies

South African BWT System

Resource Ballast Technologies

10 Inch System

6 Inch System

History of Testing

Test Facility

  • Quay-side location in Port of Cape Town

  • Pump from/to natural coastal waters

  • Advanced technologies with broad application

  • Suitable for expansion to training centre

Testing for IMO Approval

Active Substances:

  • Chronic & acute toxicity

  • Health & Safety, corrosivity


  • Compliance with IMO D-2 Standard

  • Removal/de-activation of organisms by size class

Current State of Technologies

  • 47 Companies currently active

  • Capacities ranging from 100-10000 m3/hr

  • +/- 150 systems installed on vessels

    • From 27 different suppliers

  • 10 Systems with IMO Certification & Type Approval

International Preparedness

Shipping Industry:

  • +/- 80,000 vessels in world fleet

  • Approx 30 installations/day to comply with IMO Convention

    National Administrations:

  • Regulatory Framework

  • Management capacity

    • Port & Flag State Responsibilities

Capacity Building

Short Courses:

  • Introductory Course on Ballast Water Management

  • Management of Invasive Species in Marine & Coastal Environments

  • Training Course on Port Biological Baseline Surveys

Projects addressing other vectors


  • Yachts & Marinas

  • Oil rigs


  • Water treatment for land-based facilities pumping to/from coastal waters

Moving forward

Increase Integration:

  • Addressing all vectors

  • As part of ICOM

  • Between sectors

    • i.e. Environment & Maritime Administrations

  • In Partnerships, projects & initiatives

Thank You

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