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Rabies: What kids need to know! Slides provided by: Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Communicable Disease Control Division of Epidemiology and Immunization What is Rabies? Rabies is a dangerous disease caused by a virus.

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Rabies what kids need to know l.jpg

Rabies: What kids need to know!

Slides provided by:

Massachusetts Department of Public Health

Bureau of Communicable Disease Control

Division of Epidemiology and Immunization


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What is Rabies?

  • Rabies is a dangerous disease caused by a virus.

  • Around the world, rabies kills 50,000 people and millions of animals each year.


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Any mammal can get rabies.

  • Raccoons, skunks, foxes and bats

  • Dogs, cats, cattle and ferrets

  • Humans


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If a person or animal gets rabies, they will almost always die from it. 


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How do you get rabies?

People and animals can only get rabies if they are bitten or scratched by an animal that already has rabies. Their saliva carries the rabies virus, even if the animal is dead.


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How does rabies make you sick?

  • Once inside the body, the virus travels along the nerves.

  • Its main target is the the brain and spinal cord.








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Cats - especially stray and unvaccinated


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Dogs - especially stray & unvaccinated


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Ferrets

  • Many people have ferrets as pets.

  • They should be vaccinated for rabies.


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Mammals that are less likely to carry rabies



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Signs of rabies in animals can include:

  • Unusual behavior

    • Wild animals that appear friendly

    • Nocturnal animals active during the day

  • An increase in drool or saliva

  • Animals that act very sick or mean

  • Animals that have difficulty moving or are dead


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The only way to tell

  • In the laboratory

  • Lab scientists test the brain of a dead animal for rabies.


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Rabies in Massachusetts 2003

207 Wild animals diagnosed with rabies

  • 86 Skunks

  • 81 Raccoons

  • 23 Bats

  • 13 Foxes

  • 4 Other wild animals

AND

8 Domestic Animals

6 cats

2 dogs


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Can rabies be prevented?

Yes! 

  • Vaccines (shots) against Rabies

  • Wash bite wounds and scratches thoroughly

  • Stay away from strays



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Protect your pets vaccinated against rabies!!

  • Vaccinate your pet dog, cat, or ferret

  • Always leash your dog.

  • Tell an adult if you see a wild or stray animal acting strangely.

  • If your pet gets bitten by an animal, call your vet right away.

  • Get your pets spayed or neutered.


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Protect yourself vaccinated against rabies!!

  • Never touch an unfamiliar or wild animal.

  • Always ask permission to touch someone else’s pet.

  • Call an animal control officer if you find a sick or hurt animal.

  • Keep trash cans closed.

  • Put all pet food away.


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If you are bitten or scratched vaccinated against rabies!!

  • Tell an adult immediately

  • Wash the wound out with soap and water

  • Call your doctor right away


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Rabies Quiz vaccinated against rabies!!


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Which of these can carry rabies? vaccinated against rabies!!


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Dogs? vaccinated against rabies!!

YES


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Raccoons? vaccinated against rabies!!

YES


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Snakes? vaccinated against rabies!!

NO


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Cats? vaccinated against rabies!!

YES


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Rabbit? (this one is tricky) vaccinated against rabies!!

YES


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TRUE vaccinated against rabies!!

Rabies is

caused by

a virus.

True or False?


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FALSE vaccinated against rabies!!

A bite from a

snake can give

you rabies.

True or False?


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TRUE vaccinated against rabies!!

The rabies virus affects the nervous system.

True or False?


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TRUE vaccinated against rabies!!

If you are

bitten by any

animal, you

should clean the

wound right

away.

True or False?


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TRUE vaccinated against rabies!!

People can get

rabies from the

saliva of an

animal with

rabies.

True or False?


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FALSE vaccinated against rabies!!

You will always

know if you are

bitten by a bat,

even if you are

asleep.

True or False?


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FALSE vaccinated against rabies!!

True or False?

If you are bitten by a mouse, you should always receive the rabies vaccine.


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The best way to protect yourself from rabies is: vaccinated against rabies!!

  • Avoid animals not known to you.

  • Vaccinate your pets.

  • Report animals with strange behavior.

  • Maintain your property and keep trash properly contained.

ALL OF THE ABOVE



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Watch out for rabies number of rabies cases?

  • Stay away from strays and wild animals

  • If you see strays or wild animals, tell an adult.

  • If you are ever bitten or scratched by an animal, tell an adult.

  • Wash your cut with soap and water for 10 minutes.


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To learn more about Rabies number of rabies cases?

Massachusetts Department of Public Health: www.mass.gov/dph click on “R” for Rabies!

Center for Disease and Prevention:

www.cdc.gov


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