Hybrid Vehicles. Jeremy Gillow COM2223. Overview. Introduce benefits regarding hybrids Explain the empowering technology Discuss reservations and drawbacks. Abbreviations. CO2 – Carbon dioxide HEV – Hybrid Electric Vehicle MPG – Miles per gallon ICE – Internal combustion engine
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Los Angeles Smog
Hess Gasoline in Melbourne
Civic:Honda Civic Hybrid
Escape 2:Ford Escape HEV 2WD
Escape 4:Ford Escape HEV 4WD
F-150:Ford F-150 Pickup
Ford Escape HEV, 2004 NY Auto Show
Series: used for trains,buses, and large truckswhere an EM is most efficient for accelerating a large mass.
Parallel: used in Honda Insight and Civic hybrid cars. Both ICE and EM can work in tandem, ICE can recharge battery, or braking can recharge.
Combination: used in Toyota Prius and Ford Escape hybrids. Allows full electric drive at low speeds and more flexibility in charging.
Ford Economy Monitor
Toyota Prius Energy Monitor
Panasonic Ni-MH battery
Toyota Prius Synergy Hybrid Drive
Ford Escape HEV Under-hood
To get the maximum fuel efficiency, the Insight and Prius use generous weight reduction, fluid body styling, and special tires to reduce wind and rolling resistance. The Civic and Escape hybrids keep to traditional styling. All four can be equipped with Continuously Variable Transmissions.
Honda Civic Hybrid Profile
Honda Insight Profile
Toyota Prius Profile
Hydrogen-fueled hybrids will someday replace gasoline-powered models, with the sole exhaust emission of water vapor. Currently General Motors is sponsoring a US Postal Service demo in Washington, DC of fuel cell vans.