environmentally responsible landscaping steve travis p e ksu ppi november 15 2005
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Environmentally Responsible Landscaping Steve Travis, P.E. KSU-PPI November 15, 2005. Some pollution facts. Gas-powered tools contribute 5% of the U.S. air pollution. The average conventional lawn mower pollutes as much in an hour as 40 late-model cars.

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environmentally responsible landscaping steve travis p e ksu ppi november 15 2005
Environmentally Responsible LandscapingSteve Travis, P.E.KSU-PPINovember 15, 2005

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

some pollution facts
Some pollution facts
  • Gas-powered tools contribute 5% of the U.S. air pollution.
  • The average conventional lawn mower pollutes as much in an hour as 40 late-model cars.
  • Lawn and garden equipment users spill 17 million gallons of fuel (more petroleum than spilled by the Exxon Valdez in the Gulf of Alaska) each year when refilling outdoor power equipment.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

what is ozone
What is ozone?
  • Ozone, or smog, is a colorless, odorless gas made up of three oxygen atoms.
  • Ozone occurs naturally about 10 to 30 miles above the earth.
  • Ground level ozone is man-made and is a serious heath risk.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

how is ozone formed
How is ozone formed?
  • Ground-level ozone formed by VOCs and NOx in the presence of sunlight and heat
  • NOx comes from burning fossil fuel in vehicle engines and power plants
  • VOC comes from cars, lawn mowers, gasoline vapors, chemical solvents, and consumer products

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

what is being done
What is being done?
  • EPA has set standards to regulate air quality to protect public health (85 ppb)
  • The KC region has taken steps in the past to improve air quality, but future violations of the new 8-hour ozone standard appear likely
  • More action is needed

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

slide6

KC Metro Area 2002 VOC Emissions

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

slide7

JOCO 2002 Non-Road VOC Emissions

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

kansas city metro nox emissions
Kansas City Metro NOxEmissions

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

slide9

JOCO 2002 Non-Road NOx Emissions

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

what can you do
What can you do?
  • Cut your grass after 6 pm.
  • Use no-spill gas cans.
  • Use cleaner equipment.
  • Use the right equipment for the job.
  • Maintain your equipment.
  • Consider native landscaping.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

use cleaner equipment
Use cleaner equipment
  • Gasoline equipment made after 1997 is built to meet higher emissions standards mandated by EPA.
  • Four-stroke engines are more efficient than two-stroke engines.
  • Overhead-valve engines are better at reducing the potential for fuel spills than side-valve engines.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

gasoline vapors
Gasoline vapors
  • Gasoline vapors may be reduced by as much as 75% by simply replacing traditional gas cans with shut-off valves or spill-proof cans.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

mower selection
Mower selection
  • Select a mower whose size is appropriate for the job
  • Use a mower with a larger mowing deck for a large job to reduce total mowing time, fuel usage, and air pollution.
  • Consider electric and hand-powered mowers.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

electric mowers
Electric mowers
  • Electric mowers may be able to fill a niche within the golf industry.
  • Electric leaf blowers and trimmers are available with rechargeable battery packs.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

mower maintenance
Mower maintenance
  • Get periodic tune-ups.
  • Keep blades properly sharpened.
  • Keep all moving parts well-lubricated.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

native landscaping
Native landscaping
  • Less care
  • Fewer problems
  • Lower costs
  • Use less fertilizer
  • Less mowing

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

kansas is unique
Kansas is unique
  • Hot summers and cold winters.
  • Variety of soils and rainfall.
  • There is no perfect grass for all purposes.
  • Native grasses have been here since the last Ice Age, about 10,000 years.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

buffalograss
Buffalograss
  • Only native grass commonly used for turfgrass in Kansas.
  • Loves heavy foot traffic.
  • Requires only ¼-inch of water per week (compared to 1 to 1.5 inches for other turf grasses.)
  • Takes little or no fertilizer.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

more on buffalograss
More on buffalograss
  • Buffalograss (and other native grasses) should be watered very sparingly or not at all.
  • Too much water causes them to become weedy and the low-maintenance aspect is lost.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

more on buffalograss21
More on buffalograss
  • Insect-resistant/disease-resistant. (Unlike fescues and bluegrass.)
  • Grows well in full sun and likes dry, clay, or average soil.
  • Reaches a maximum height of only four to six inches.
  • You can forget about mowing!

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

native landscaping aesthetic benefits
Native landscaping aesthetic benefits
  • Native landscape designs can include dozens of species of trees, shrubs, grasses, and wildflowers, all blooming at different times.
  • Attracts native songbirds that eat plant seeds and insects attracted by the plants.
  • If area is large enough, it may attract nesting grassland birds—meadowlarks and bobolinks.
  • A buffer of thick and tall native plants around a waterbody will discourage Canadian geese.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

case study nicklaus golf club at lions gate
Case study: Nicklaus Golf Club at Lions Gate
  • Maintains 4 acres of greens, 40 acres of fairways, and 60 acres of native grasses to frame the fairways.
  • Required initial seeding and 2 to 3 over-seeding applications to reach full density.
  • Saved money because native grasses are not mowed or irrigated, and no equipment is used.
  • Found native grasses provided aesthetic accenting for the highly maintained areas.

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

questions
Questions?

Environmental hotline

800-578-8898

www.sbeap.org

KSU Pollution Prevention Institute

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