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Chapter 2. Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition. Objectives. Prepare for a Windows Server 2003 installation Explain and perform the different Windows Server 2003 installation methods, such as attended, unattended, and upgrades Install and manage service packs

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Chapter2

Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition


Objectives

  • Prepare for a Windows Server 2003 installation

  • Explain and perform the different Windows Server 2003 installation methods, such as attended, unattended, and upgrades

  • Install and manage service packs

  • Create an Automated System Recovery set

  • Troubleshoot installation problems

  • Uninstall Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition


Preparing for Installation

  • Identify hardware requirements and compatibility.

  • Choose a file system.

  • Choose a licensing mode.

  • Decide which protocols to install.

  • Determine domain or workgroup membership.


Hardware Requirements

  • Computer should exceed the minimum requirements


Hardware Compatibility

  • Check the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) for Windows Server 2003.

    • Most recent hardware compatibility list is on the Microsoft Web site: http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/hcl/default.mspx

  • Look for “Designed for Windows Server 2003” logos on products.

  • Upgrade the BIOS if necessary.

    • Determine the BIOS version.

    • Check with the computer manufacturer for compatibility and upgrade files.


Determining Disk Partitioning Options

  • Setup program determines current partitions.

  • Setup present options for partitioning hard disk.

    • Create a new partition on an unpartitioned hard disk.

      • Only create the operating system partition during Setup.

      • Add other partitions with Disk Management later.

    • Create a new partition on a partitioned hard disk.

    • Install on an existing partition.

    • Delete an existing partition.

  • Check partitioning with the Disk Management Snap-in if upgrading from Windows 2000 Server.


Choosing a File System

  • File systems format the hard disk.

  • Windows Server 2003 supports FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS.

  • NTFS is recommended because of advanced features such as:

    • Security and encryption

    • File compression

    • POSIX support

    • Indexing

  • NTFS is required for hosting Active Directory.


File Systems (cont.)

  • Use the convert utility to move from FAT32 to NTFS after installation.


Choosing a Licensing Mode

  • Purchase a client access license (CAL) after installation.

    • CAL’s give a client permission to connect to a Windows Server 2003 computer.

  • Two licensing modes:

    • Per server

    • Per seat

  • Per seat is preferred for companies with more than one server.


Making a Protocol Selection

  • The default protocol setup:

    • TCP/IP with an assumed DHCP server

    • Used on most networks

  • Additional protocols can be configured after installation.

  • NetBEUI is not supported by Windows Server 2003 or by Windows XP Professional.

    • Convert to TCP/IP before upgrade.


Determining Membership

  • Workgroup

    • Provide name of workgroup.

  • Domain

    • Provide DNS name of domain.

    • Create a computer account.

    • Verify that one domain controller and DNS server are present.


Overview of Installation

  • Methods

    • CD-ROM

    • Network

    • Upgrade

    • Unattended

  • Installation files

    • Winnt for CD-ROM or network installation, or for Windows operating systems before Windows 95

    • Winnt32 for operating systems Windows 95 or higher

      • Windows NT must have Service Pack 5 or higher.


Switches

  • Winnt and Winnt32 support switches to customize installation.

  • /s

    • Specifies location of installation files

  • /a

    • Initiate accessibility options

  • /checkupgradeonly

    • Checks compatibility

  • /?

    • Command-line Help


CD-ROM Installation

  • Verify that the computer’s BIOS boots from CD-ROM.

  • Insert installation CD-ROM into drive.

  • Turn off power.

  • Turn on power and boot from CD-ROM.

  • Follow the instructions of the Setup program.


Network Installation

  • Copy installation files to a host computer.

    • First create a shared network folder on the host.

  • Share the host’s folder and assign read permissions.

  • Connect to the shared folder from the target computer.

  • Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe with any desired switches.

  • Follow Setup instructions.


Installing from an Existing Operating System

  • Upgrades are possible from the following:

    • Windows NT Server 4.0 (running Service Pack 5 or higher)

    • Windows 2000 Server

  • Steps to begin upgrade:

    • Boot the current OS.

    • Insert the installation CD-ROM.

    • Choose the Upgrade option on the Setup screen.

    • Keep existing settings and applications.


Unattended Installation

  • Usually performed via a network installation

  • Before installation, specify a set of parameters in an answer file.

    • The answer file contains responses to questions asked during installation.

  • No license agreement is presented during Setup.


Performing a CD-based Attended Installation

  • Boot from the Standard Edition CD-ROM.

  • Installation Setup process is similar for all methods.

  • First phase of Setup:

    • Inspect configuration and load files.

    • Display license agreement.

    • Scan hard drive to determine OS, partitions, and file systems.

    • Prompt user to choose partition and file system.

  • Partition is formatted with file system.


Performing a CD-based Attended Installation (cont.)

  • Second phase of Setup prompts user for:

    • Language, date, time, and network settings

    • Product Key

    • Licensing mode

    • Computer name, Administrator account, and password

    • Domain or workgroup membership

  • Setup completes installation.

    • Installs and registers selected components.

    • Installs Start menu items.

    • Saves settings and removes temporary files.


Performing an Unattended Installation

  • Create an answer file.

    • Use a text editor or Setup Manager Wizard.

  • Option to use answer file with booting

    • Save the answer file as Winnt.sif on a floppy disk.

    • Boot from CD-ROM.

    • Insert floppy after first Setup screen.

  • Option to specify components

    • Create a Cmdlines.txt file to use with the answer file.

  • Use the Sysprep.exe or Syspart.exe programs to clone server operating systems.


Upgrading a Windows NT Server and Domain

  • Two methods:

    • Upgrade member servers first.

    • Upgrade domain controllers first.

  • Guidelines

    • Schedule the upgrade during minimal access times.

    • Back up each server and registry.

    • Create an emergency repair disk.

    • If upgrading domain controllers first, then:

      • Take one BDC out of production as a backup.

      • Upgrade the PDC first.


Upgrading a Windows NT Server and Domain (cont.)

  • Installation steps:

    • Start Winnt32.exe.

    • Select Upgrade during Setup and retain existing settings.

    • Upgrade Active Directory with the Active Directory Installation Wizard.

    • After installation, convert the domain to either Windows 2000 native mode or to Windows .NET mode.


Installing and Managing Service Packs

  • Download the latest service pack from the Microsoft Web site.

    • Check regularly for updates to correct security issues and improve performance.

  • Review the documentation on installation procedures and problems.

  • Perform a full backup on a production server.

  • Alert clients to the installation schedule.

  • After installation, document problems and solutions.


Creating an Automated System Recovery Set

  • An ASR set contains two components for system recovery:

    • Backup of all system files (1.5 GB or more)

    • Backup of system settings (approx. 1.44 MB)

  • ASR does not back up application data files.

  • Create an ASR with the Backup utility.

  • Make a new ASR set each time there is an important change to the server.

    • Adding protocols

    • Installing new drivers


Troubleshooting Installation Problems

  • Most installations problems are related to hardware or hardware drivers.

  • Many issues can be avoided by testing hardware and performing diagnostics before installation.

  • Find solutions through documentation.


Uninstalling Window Server 2003, Standard Edition

  • Back up important data.

  • Boot from the CD-ROM of the new operating system.

    • Can also boot from the Windows Server 2003 CD-ROM and exit Setup after deleting the partition

  • Restart the computer.

  • Choose to delete and/or format the partition on which Standard Edition is installed.

  • Install the new operating system.


Summary

  • Preinstallation tasks:

    • Verify hardware is compatible through the HCL.

    • Determine system configurations.

  • Installation methods:

    • CD-ROM

    • Network

    • Upgrade

      • From Windows NT Server 4.0 with Server Pack or higher, or Windows Server 2000 Server

    • Unattended

      • Create an answer file to automate the installation.


Summary

  • Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 domain:

    • Begin with member servers or domain controllers.

    • PDC should be upgraded first.

  • Service packs should be installed to fix any known problems.

  • Create an ASR set after installation.

  • Uninstalling Windows Server 2003:

    • Repartition and format the hard drive.

    • Install the new operating system.


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