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Dr Jeff Haywood Director, Media & Learning Technology Service (MALTS) Director, Scottish Centre for Research in On-Line Learning & Assessment (SCROLLA) PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Dr Jeff Haywood Director, Media & Learning Technology Service (MALTS) Director, Scottish Centre for Research in On-Line Learning & Assessment (SCROLLA) Department of Higher & Community Education University of Edinburgh www.malts.ed.ac.uk / www.scrolla.ac.uk [email protected]

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Dr Jeff Haywood Director, Media & Learning Technology Service (MALTS) Director, Scottish Centre for Research in On-Line Learning & Assessment (SCROLLA)

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Dr Jeff Haywood

Director, Media & Learning Technology Service (MALTS)

Director, Scottish Centre for Research in On-Line Learning & Assessment (SCROLLA)

Department of Higher & Community Education

University of Edinburgh

www.malts.ed.ac.uk / www.scrolla.ac.uk

[email protected]

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Borderless education

“access to the educational provision of any country by learners in any country”

  • limited here to higher education but the definition above could apply to all levels (school, college, university, lifelong learning)

  • “education” here includes training

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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What features of higher education are needed for this to work in Europe?

What has/is being done to facilitate borderless education in Europe?

What challenges still face us?

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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For ~1000 years ‘higher education’ in Europe has been borderless.

The long history of European borderless education

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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The long history of European borderless education

To take advantage of this, the wanderstudent of the Middle Ages needed…

- appetite for knowledge

- finance (travel + lodgings + ‘fees’)

- language skills

- learning-to-learn skills

- transferable ‘qualifications’

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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At the start of 21st century we see borderless education as being based increasingly on eLearning

and the scholar/student needs…..

- appetite for knowledge

- finance (ICT + fees)

- language & ICT skills

- learning-to-learn skills

- transferable ‘qualifications’

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Let’s take the European Union as a case study in the development of eLearning & borderless education, for it exemplifies many of the issues

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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  • We can examine three levels

  • European Union/Commission

  • National governments

  • Higher education institutions

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Level: European Union/Commission

  • eEurope 2002 priorities Stockholm March 2001

  • eLearning objectives to 2010

  • Memorandum on Lifelong Learning

  • Bologna Declaration

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Bologna Declaration - convergence of qualifications - credit transfer system - European HE area

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Some key issues emerge from the EC documents and consultations

  • enabling greater access to education

  • promoting lifelong learning

  • greater mobility / virtual mobility

  • maintaining cultural diversity & language

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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In pursuit of these objectives, the European Commission supports programmes and actions which have focussed for ~10 years on eLearning (previously ODL)

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Level: national governments

In pursuit of their own and the European agendas, governments have invested in eLearning programmes, seeking to promote change and keep abreast of external competition

examples: UK- the Teaching & Learning Technology Programme (TLTP)

France - through Centre National d’ Enseignement Distance (CNED)

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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These actions now include development of virtual or e-universities…

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Level: universities

European universities, like those elsewhere in the world, now have to face these challenges…

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Motorola University

edu-tainment

video ‘star’ lecturers

student-centric

corporate universities

Foresight - HE in 2025

digital degree mills

e-business

just-in-time, just-for-me

niche markets

overseas competitors

distance education

clicks & mortar

death of the campus

intellectual property rights

globalisation

University for Industry

traditional values

virtual universities

National Grid for Learning

Universitas 21

virtual learning environment

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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  • and we can see their responses…

  • greatly increased use by all of eLearning on-campus

  • introduction of by some of distance education courses & programmes

  • formation of new global alliances for strength

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Those are some of the pressures, the drivers & our responses

So what are the major challenges we still have to overcome?

And how shall we overcome them?

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Moving to greater use of eLearning, especially for off-campus purposes, raises challenges to us in four areas…

= technology

= human resources

= pedagogy

= organisation/management

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Technology:

move from ‘project/enthusiast’ to ‘norm, average faculty’

VLE – on-line assessment – forums – campus-wide and standardised – hybrid library – reliable off-campus access for all staff & students – VC teaching rooms - resilience - ~24x7

shift of funds to centre from faculties/depts – increased per annum spend on technology – end of old activities in favour of new

‘digital glue’ to hold all this together – portal - links up Registry, Finance, VLEs, departments, library…..

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Human resources:

existing staff to change – new staff to be different

not just faculty – secretarial – admin – support – manual

need to define skill-sets for roles – now and for 5+ years ahead

training & re-training– elective training still possible?

rewards for change, for innovation, for excellence in all areas, esp teaching & learning – redefine ‘scholarship’

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Pedagogical

learning & teaching must change – flexible, on-off-campus accessible, distance and F2F

new teaching styles and new learning styles – learning-to-learn as valued and tested skill

student-centric vs staff/institution-centric

reduction in didactic in favour of task-oriented, active, teamwork, asynchronous, varied assessments

multi-skilled team designed & delivered

optimal use of ICT

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Managerial/organisational

The really tough one for traditional universities!!!

To balance…

creative, entrepreneurial, distributed near-anarchy

central, cost-effective & efficient, management with explicit strategies

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Ingredients

vision

formulation of clear strategies

understanding of role of technology in education of future (hype vs reality etc)

investment in excellent central services

readiness to collaborate as well as compete

review of appointments & rewards system

nerves of steel!!!

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So how do we solve these challenges? What approaches will work best for universities?

  • research

  • collaboration & sharing experiences

open-source networks have served us well in research, everyone contributes, everyone gains, anyone can commercialise for profit

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Some examples

IAUP Best Practice cases

Nineveh project www.nineveh.polito.it

SPOT+ www.spotplus.odl.org

SEUSISS www.intermedia.uib.no/seusiss

ECDL www.ecdl.org

HECTIC www.coimbra-group.be

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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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Endnote

I consider that it will take at least 5 more years before we become comfortable/competent with eLearning, esp in fully off-campus mode

Thus we need to take care not to over-raise learners’ hopes, or take unreasonable risks with their education

To all benefit from eLearning, we need to find better ways to collaborate on development & to share our experiences

25th June 2002 eEurope & eLearning IAUP Sydney


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