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CHAPTER 8 Air Transportation History 1903 年萊特兄弟在 Kitty Hawk 發明了第一架飛機。 1909 年完成首次飛越英吉利海峽的國際飛行。 1918 年紐約-華盛頓特區定期航空郵件航線首航。 1944 年芝加哥公約:成立國際民用航空組織 (ICAO-International Civil Aviation Organiza-tion) 。 1946 年百慕達會議:成立國際航空運輸協會 (IATA-International Air Transportation Associa-tion) 。 Air Cargo

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chapter 8

CHAPTER 8

Air Transportation

history
History
  • 1903年萊特兄弟在Kitty Hawk發明了第一架飛機。
  • 1909年完成首次飛越英吉利海峽的國際飛行。
  • 1918年紐約-華盛頓特區定期航空郵件航線首航。
  • 1944年芝加哥公約:成立國際民用航空組織(ICAO-International Civil Aviation Organiza-tion)。
  • 1946年百慕達會議:成立國際航空運輸協會(IATA-International Air Transportation Associa-tion)。
air cargo
Air Cargo
  • Reasons for the growth --p.174
air cargo carried ways
Air Cargo Carried Ways
  • 機腹空間(bellyspace)
  • 彈性機腹(flexsbelly):
  • 全貨機(freighter):
  • 卡車(truck):
2 companies
2 Companies
  • 波音公司(Boeing)
  • 空中巴士公司(Airbus)
4 major air cargo markets
4 Major Air Cargo Markets
  • 北大西洋(North Atlantic)
  • 越太平洋(transpacific)
  • 歐洲─遠東(Europe-Far East)
  • 美國國內(SU domestic)
cargo passengers
Cargo & Passengers
  • Different Characteristics:
    • seasonal
    • 運量平衡(traffic balance)
    • Tare –the weight of container
4 distinct markets
4 Distinct Markets
  • 郵件(mail):一般為國營郵政服務的獨占市場,且以信件的大小來定義。
  • 航空快遞(express transportation):表示貨件保證能在指定時間(time-definite)運送至目的地。
  • 專差(courier):以在當天或下一班班機運送為號召。
  • 一般空運(freight):常是較大件的貨物之航空貨運服務。
air cargo three forms
Air Cargo Three Forms
  • 整合型快遞業者(integrated carriers):聯邦快遞(FedEx)與優比速(UPS)
  • 定期貨運業者(scheduled carriers):提供傳統貨運服務的典型航空公司
  • 包機業者(charter carrier):另一種全貨運服務型態。
s ecurity
Security
  • 保安(security) –Chap 13
  • 已知托運人(known shipper)
  • Dangerous
two roles of trucks
Two Roles of Trucks
  • They bring cargo
    •  Airport
    • Airport 
aviation economics
Aviation Economics
  • Two Major Factors:
    • 經濟狀況(economic conditions)
    • 費率水準(rate levels)
  • 收益管理(yield management)
air cargo rates
Air Cargo Rates
  • Four Factors:
    • 運送量(volume of traffic)
    • 運送方向(direction of traffic)
    • 運送物特性(characteristics of the traffic)
    • 服務價值(value of the service)
    • 競爭(competition)
aviation regulation
Aviation Regulation
  • International Organizations:
    • 國際航空運輸協會(IATA)
    • 國際民用航空組織(ICAO)
bilateral
雙邊協定(bilateral)

7 Rights:

  • 第一航權:通過權 (First freedom, Overflight)
  • 第二航權:停站權(Second freedom, Service stops)
  • 第三航權:旅客載運權(Third freedom, Passenger delivery)
  • 第四航權:裝載權(Fourth freedom, Repatriation)
  • 第五航權:延遠權 (Fifth freedom, Oncarriage)
  • 第六航權:境內營運權(Sixth freedom, cabotage)
  • 第七航權:貨運權 (Seventh freedom, cargo)
bilateral17
雙邊協定(bilateral)
  • 鏡面效應(mirror effect)
  • 包機(charter)
deregulation
Deregulation
  • Airline Deregulation Act of 1978
  • 開放天空協議(Open Sky Agreement)
    • Pan Am - 191
reasons for rapidly growing
Reasons for Rapidly Growing
  • Increased demand for premium service
  • Increased service
  • More competitive service
  • Carrier integration
others
Others
  • Star Alliance
  • double or nothing
  • Dead Cargo – p.195
  • Armored Air Cargo –p197 (Diamonds)
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