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CHAPTER 8 Air Transportation History 1903 年萊特兄弟在 Kitty Hawk 發明了第一架飛機。 1909 年完成首次飛越英吉利海峽的國際飛行。 1918 年紐約-華盛頓特區定期航空郵件航線首航。 1944 年芝加哥公約:成立國際民用航空組織 (ICAO-International Civil Aviation Organiza-tion) 。 1946 年百慕達會議:成立國際航空運輸協會 (IATA-International Air Transportation Associa-tion) 。 Air Cargo

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CHAPTER 8

Air Transportation


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History

  • 1903年萊特兄弟在Kitty Hawk發明了第一架飛機。

  • 1909年完成首次飛越英吉利海峽的國際飛行。

  • 1918年紐約-華盛頓特區定期航空郵件航線首航。

  • 1944年芝加哥公約:成立國際民用航空組織(ICAO-International Civil Aviation Organiza-tion)。

  • 1946年百慕達會議:成立國際航空運輸協會(IATA-International Air Transportation Associa-tion)。


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Air Cargo

  • Reasons for the growth --p.174


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Air Cargo Carried Ways

  • 機腹空間(bellyspace)

  • 彈性機腹(flexsbelly):

  • 全貨機(freighter):

  • 卡車(truck):


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2 Companies

  • 波音公司(Boeing)

  • 空中巴士公司(Airbus)


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4 Major Air Cargo Markets

  • 北大西洋(North Atlantic)

  • 越太平洋(transpacific)

  • 歐洲─遠東(Europe-Far East)

  • 美國國內(SU domestic)


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Cargo & Passengers

  • Different Characteristics:

    • seasonal

    • 運量平衡(traffic balance)

    • Tare –the weight of container


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4 Distinct Markets

  • 郵件(mail):一般為國營郵政服務的獨占市場,且以信件的大小來定義。

  • 航空快遞(express transportation):表示貨件保證能在指定時間(time-definite)運送至目的地。

  • 專差(courier):以在當天或下一班班機運送為號召。

  • 一般空運(freight):常是較大件的貨物之航空貨運服務。


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Air Cargo Three Forms

  • 整合型快遞業者(integrated carriers):聯邦快遞(FedEx)與優比速(UPS)

  • 定期貨運業者(scheduled carriers):提供傳統貨運服務的典型航空公司

  • 包機業者(charter carrier):另一種全貨運服務型態。


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Security

  • 保安(security) –Chap 13

  • 已知托運人(known shipper)

  • Dangerous


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Two Roles of Trucks

  • They bring cargo

    •  Airport

    • Airport 


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Aviation Economics

  • Two Major Factors:

    • 經濟狀況(economic conditions)

    • 費率水準(rate levels)

  • 收益管理(yield management)


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Air Cargo Rates

  • Four Factors:

    • 運送量(volume of traffic)

    • 運送方向(direction of traffic)

    • 運送物特性(characteristics of the traffic)

    • 服務價值(value of the service)

    • 競爭(competition)



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Aviation Regulation

  • International Organizations:

    • 國際航空運輸協會(IATA)

    • 國際民用航空組織(ICAO)


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雙邊協定(bilateral)

7 Rights:

  • 第一航權:通過權 (First freedom, Overflight)

  • 第二航權:停站權(Second freedom, Service stops)

  • 第三航權:旅客載運權(Third freedom, Passenger delivery)

  • 第四航權:裝載權(Fourth freedom, Repatriation)

  • 第五航權:延遠權 (Fifth freedom, Oncarriage)

  • 第六航權:境內營運權(Sixth freedom, cabotage)

  • 第七航權:貨運權 (Seventh freedom, cargo)


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雙邊協定(bilateral)

  • 鏡面效應(mirror effect)

  • 包機(charter)


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Deregulation

  • Airline Deregulation Act of 1978

  • 開放天空協議(Open Sky Agreement)

    • Pan Am - 191


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Reasons for Rapidly Growing

  • Increased demand for premium service

  • Increased service

  • More competitive service

  • Carrier integration


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Others

  • Star Alliance

  • double or nothing

  • Dead Cargo – p.195

  • Armored Air Cargo –p197 (Diamonds)


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