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Overview. Linux on the serverLinux on the desktopLinux as an home entertainment

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1. Linux The future of computing is now By Jasper Nuyens Managing Director Linux Belgium [email protected]

3. Linux on the server - 2 years ago Apache Web server: 56% of internet servers (20M), Microsoft: 30% (10M) Fear of Active Directory MS Exchange server replacements: only commercial (Bynari) MySQL strong on Linux, weak on Windows Development with PHP exclusively on Linux: Linux+Apache+MySQL+PHP = LAMP

4. Linux on the server - now Apache Web server: 56% of Internet servers (20M), Microsoft: 30% (10M) -> 68% (38M) vs 21% (12M) Fear of Active Directory -> Samba 3 Active Directory integration; Samba 4 alpha is full replacement MS Exchange server replacements: Commercial: Novell OpenExchange, Bynari; GPL: OpenGroupware MySQL strong on Linux and Windows. Version 4.1 now with clustering and Stored Procedures Strong growth for powerful capabilities and easy installation of LAMP and WAMP

5. Novell Linux DesktopEvolution 2.0 + Exchange Connector

6. Linux server excitement Kernel 2.6 with even better scheduling NIX protocol (low bandwith high performance remote desktop) Versioned filesystem: Reiserfs, Wayback All potentially interesting Longhorn features are dropped All large vendors support Linux now! LDAP acceptation in all basic technologies (Apache, Linux user authentication, MySQL,)

7. Security - status Bill started focus on security on 1/2002 -> now 3 years later: A lot of Microsoft commissioned studies who hardly prove anything Security Enhanced Linux by NSA NSA guidelines to secure Windows 2000: several 1000 pages, Windows server 2003: less, but still(!) -> still a lot easier to harden Linux Windowing environment security will only be there with Avalon (Longhorn) XP SP2 integrates firewall -> finally (however, it seems to be an upgrade nightmare - backward compatibility is very important with Linux) Despite the promises, buffer overflows remain the largest problem Default-off policies for security-frightening technologies such as Active-X and IIS are good steps (but Linux people could say that already in 1999) Security lags behind with those who didnt pay the upgrade tax

8. Desktop Linux - 2 years ago Solely on LINUX/UNIX System administrators workstation First release of KNOPPIX No easy VPN client Little support for WiFi (802.11x) No suspend-to-disk function for laptops Windows programs only viable through commercial add-ons: VMWare, win4lin, codeweavers Mplayer good, but only command line Support for new hardware was relatively uncertain

9. Desktop Linux - now Many small businesses try, and the first office roll-outs are a reality. In 2005 we will see many large installs. KNOPPIX 3.7 is GREAT GUI VPN client (eg Xandros 3.0) - first linux distribution All WiFi-cards supported (native/ndiswrapper) - however still dificult to setup Good laptop support by most distributions Windows programs through GPL wine, and gets better and better integrated into distributions Mplayer and Xine beat Windows Media Player (codec support/framerate) Linux support by most vendors and even WallMart (US) Citrix ICA client for Linux User excitement over print-to-pdf function of Open Office

10. Linux Desktop Excitement Xandros 3.0 (vpn, crossoffice 4.1) Mandrake 10.1 Novell, SUN Java Desktop, Red Hat Evolution/Kmail/Thunderbird vs Outlook FireFox 10M downloads for Win, Lin, Mac But nothing can beat a real look at the system FireFox XUL delivers .Net promise Linux on Desktop for entire IBM organization and Oracle by end 2005! Cinelarra Video Editing

11. Linux Desktop Shortfalls No central proxy configuration (yet) Still no native Adobe software (except for Acrobat Reader) Small marketing budget Fonts are still an issue when exchanging data No real replacement for MS Access Still less polished than MacOS X

12. GNU/Linux technology CD/DVD mastering - xcdroast Video editing/rendering - Kdenlive, cinelerra 3D software - blender Audio mixing software - Rosegarden, PBX/VoIP telco-grade server - Asterisk IDS - snort, snortsam,

13. Linux Desktop . Presentation .

14. Entertainment and embedded Lack of games (commercial WineX supported 8 games) Great support for almost every codec and multimedia format XBoxMediaCenter Linux on iPod (?) Freevo (skins, plugins) Motorola Mobile Phones A768i & A780 Linux uses the same kernel source tree from embedded up to the mainframe

15. XboxMediaCenter - music

16. XboxMediaCenter - pictures

17. XboxMediaCenter - videos

18. XboxMediaCenter - videos

19. XboxMediaCenter - weather

20. FreeVo

21. Linux in Belgium Used by virtually every large enterprise and institution (on the server) Lots of small implementation vendors Novell and IBM not doing anything big yet Most Belgian software and hardware developers are in the process of implementing Linux support Many enterprises and organisations look at Linux on the desktop. Only a few early adopters. 2005 will be the year of change for many

22. Microsoft Strategy Evolution of Linux is seen as competition and approached as if it is a product of another vendor -> While Linux is a free technology (should be approached as the internet or WiFi) Before Microsoft accepted the popularity of the Internet, the same mistake was made because Microsoft had a competing technology The Internet turned out to be the driving force of a new technological revolution leading to economical blossom worldwide, Linux bears many similarities Linux can add an incredible value to Microsoft and already does so for many many users: ActivePerl, WAMP, MinGW, CygWin, coLinux, Damn Small Linux Microsoft only hurts itself by not including the new technologies!

23. Microsoft Strategy - the solution The solution is clear: GNU/Linux applications need to be bundled and/or integrated in the Operating system (there are different possibilities to do so, with or without the Linux kernel) Microsoft can legally create the best Linux distribution (just as Red Hat) with Windows binary compatibility and its current licensing model Microsoft has no other option than to embrace and be extended :-)

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