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Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS) in China. Scale of Emission Reduction Challenge. China is world's largest CO 2 emitter China accounts for 24% of global energy related CO 2 emissions, US for 21%, EU-15 for 12%. Importance of Coal for China.

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Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS) in China

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Carbon dioxide capture and storage ccs in china l.jpg

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS) in China


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Scale of Emission Reduction Challenge

  • China is world's largest CO2 emitter

  • China accounts for 24% of global energy related CO2 emissions, US for 21%, EU-15 for 12%


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Importance of Coal for China

  • Coal accounts for nearly 70% of China's energy needs

  • China has the second largest domestic coal reserves in the world

  • Rapid growth in power sector and industrial sector such as steel are the main drivers of increasing coal use


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Total Primary Energy Demand in China


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Current Efforts to reduce dependence on coal in China

  • Focus is on improving energy efficiency and promoting renewables and other alternative technologies

  • Key targets and requirements determined by Chinese Government:

    • target to reduce coal in energy mix below 60%

    • requirement that 15% of total energy should come from renewables by 2020 (including Renewable Energy Law)

    • target of 40 GW of nuclear power by 2020 (up from 6.6 GW in 2005)

    • requirement that all new large power plants use high efficiency super-critical coal-fired technology

    • expected improvement in coal power generation efficiency – from 32% in 2000 to 39% in 2030


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Coal based Power Generation Technology in China

Source: IEA analysis based on data obtained from industry experts

* Indicates current efficiency. Improvements are expected in the future

→ current power Generation is based on the least efficient, cheapest technology


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Potential role of energy efficiency + renewables in reducing China's emissions from Coal

Even with strong policy incentives for energy efficiency, renewables and other low carbon technologies, coal will remain a major part of China's energy mix until at least 2030:

Source: IEA World Energy Outlook 2007


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Current activity on CCS in China

  • Ministry of Science and Technology is developing a long-term CCS R&D strategy

  • Current activities are focused on small, standalone demonstration projects, focus on pre-combustion (IGCC) options

  • International cooperation projects with USA, Australia, Japan, Canada and EU


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Three broad strategic options for future EU-China CCS cooperation

  • Option 1: A stand alone demonstration plant

  • Option 2: large-scale project closely aligned with EU demonstration programme

  • Option 3: Broader CCS initiative covering other industrial applications and wider infrastructure investment


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Key factors with significant influence on the future of CCS

1. Location and adequacy of CO2 storage sites (see map)

2. Development of a regulatory framework for CCS in China

3. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) framework for CCS initiatives

Source: APEC (2005) Assessment of Geological Storage Potential of Carbon Dioxide in the APEC Region - Phase 1


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Opportunities for Progress

  • UNFCCC and multilateral financing mechanisms

  • Other European financing possibilities

  • Possible G8 CCS Initiative


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Further information

This presentation is based on the briefing paper "CCS in China" prepared by E3G:

www.germanwatch.org/klima/ccs-china

Further information on CCS (in German):

www.germanwatch.org/klima/ccs

Further information on climate protection (in English):

www.germanwatch.org/klima/en

Imprint:

Published by: Germanwatch

Edited by: Anne Koch, Qian Cheng, Dr. Gerold Kier, Dr. Manfred Treber

With financial support from:

Responsibility for the contents of this publication rests with Germanwatch

May 2009


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