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Food Fruit Bearing Nectar Plants Larval Plants Cover Water Puddling Station Birdbaths Managing For Wildlife Weeds Nuisance Animals More Information Attracting Wildlife Author: Rebecca McNair All Animals Need: Food Cover Water Space

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Attracting wildlife l.jpg

Food

Fruit Bearing

Nectar Plants

Larval Plants

Cover

Water

Puddling Station

Birdbaths

Managing For Wildlife

Weeds

Nuisance Animals

More Information

Attracting Wildlife

Author: Rebecca McNair


All animals need l.jpg
All Animals Need:

  • Food

  • Cover

  • Water

  • Space

  • Animals will only reside or forage in an area that contains enough of these four essential elements to maintain daily activities.

  • Habitat


    Slide3 l.jpg
    Food

    • Fruit

    • Seeds

    • Insects

    • Nectar

    • Larval

    • Meat

    • Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter.

    Attract a variety of birds, reptiles, bats, butterflies and other insects


    Fruit bearing plants for north florida l.jpg
    Fruit Bearing Plantsfor North Florida

    Tupelo Nyssa ogeche

    Wild grapeVitis sp.

    Beautyberry Calicarpa americana


    Mulberry morus rubra l.jpg
    MulberryMorus rubra

    (USDA Zone 5-9)

    • Large native tree ~ 40 ft

    • Full sun

    • Throughout Florida

    • Edible fruit in spring

    • Brittle bark, messy


    Chickasaw plum prunus angustifolia l.jpg

    (USDA Zone 8-10)

    Chickasaw PlumPrunus angustifolia

    • Native tree ~10 ft

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms early spring

    • Edible fruit

    • Suckers tend to form thickets


    Holly ilex spp l.jpg
    Holly Ilex spp.

    (USDA Zone 6-9)

    • Native shrubs and trees

    • Sun to partial shade

    • Range varies

    • Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds

    • Salt, drought and shade tolerant

    • Suckers

    Gallberry Ilex glabra

    Dahoon HollyIlex cassine


    Virginia willow itea virginica usda zone 6 10a l.jpg
    Virginia WillowItea virginica(USDA Zone 6-10A)

    • Native shrub ~ 7 ft

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms spring

    • Drought and flood tolerant

    • Suckers tend to form thickets


    Fruit bearing plants for south florida l.jpg
    Fruit Bearing Plantsfor South Florida

    Photo by Joe Schaefer

    Bluestem Palm Sabal minor

    Southern Red Cedar Juniperus silicicola

    Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera

    McCabe

    Bryan


    Elderberry sambucus canadensis usda zone 3 7 l.jpg
    ElderberrySambucus canadensis(USDA Zone 3-7)

    • Native shrub ~15 ft

    • Full to partial sun

    • Throughout Florida

    • Fragrant flowers year-round

    • Edible fruit


    Florida privet forestiera segregata usda zone 9 11 l.jpg
    Florida PrivetForestiera segregata(USDA Zone 9-11)

    • Native shrub ~10 ft

    • Full to partial sun

    • Throughout Florida

    • Fast grower

    • Drought and salt tolerant

    • Dense cover and fruits attract birds


    Wild coffee psychotria nervosa usda zone 11 l.jpg
    Wild CoffeePsychotria nervosa(USDA Zone 11)

    • Native shrub ~8 ft

    • Partial to full shade tolerant

    • Blooms spring- summer

    • Attracts butterflies and birds


    Nectar plants for north florida l.jpg
    Nectar Plantsfor North Florida

    Cardinal flowerLobelia cardinalis

    ConeflowerEchinacea purpurea

    Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis


    Golden dew drop duranta repens usda zone 8 11 l.jpg
    Golden Dew DropDuranta repens(USDA Zone 8-11)

    • Shrub ~ 14 feet

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms year- round

    • Throughout Florida

    • High drought tolerance

    • Attracts butterflies


    Porterweed stachytarpheta jamaicensis usda zone 8 11 l.jpg
    Porterweed Stachytarpheta jamaicensis(USDA Zone 8-11)

    • Native and non-native perennial ~ 4 ft

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms year-round

    • Medium salt and drought tolerance

    Red variety is non-native


    Coral honeysuckle lonicera sempervirens usda zone 6 9a l.jpg
    Coral HoneysuckleLonicera sempervirens(USDA Zone 6-9A)

    • Native vine

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms spring- fall

    • Throughout Florida

    • Attract butterflies and hummingbirds


    Nectar plants for south florida l.jpg

    Mexican Flame VineSenecio confusis

    Nectar Plantsfor South Florida

    Firebush Hamelia patens

    Yellow Shrimp PlantPachystachys lutea

    Red Shrimp Justicia spicigera


    Necklace pod sophora tomentosa usda zone 10b 11 l.jpg
    Necklace PodSophora tomentosa(USDA Zone 10B-11)

    • Native shrub ~ 8 ft

    • Full sun

    • Blooms year-round

    • High salt and drought tolerance

    • Attracts humming-birds and butterflies

    • Poisonous to humans


    Jatropha jatropha integerrima usda zone 10b 11 l.jpg
    Jatropha Jatropha integerrima(USDA Zone 10B-11)

    • Shrub ~ 8 feet

    • Full sun

    • Blooms year- round

    • Drought tolerance

    • Fruit is poisonous to humans


    Larval plants for north florida l.jpg
    Larval Plantsfor North Florida

    Willow, Salix caroliniana is a larval host of the Viceroy.

    Matchweed, Phyla nodiflora is the larval host of the Buckeye.


    Red bay persia borbonia usda zone 7 10b l.jpg

    Joe Schaefer

    Red BayPersia borbonia(USDA Zone 7-10B)

    • Native tree ~ 40 ft

    • Full to partial sun

    • Throughout Florida

    • Drought and salt tolerant

    • Blooms in spring attract butterflies

    • Purple fruit attract birds

    Bays are larval food for the spicebush swallowtail.


    Milkweed asclepias spp usda zone 8 10a l.jpg
    Milkweed Asclepias spp.(USDA Zone 8-10A)

    • Shrub ~ 4 ft

    • Natives available

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms year-round

    • Throughout Florida

    • Drought tolerant

    • Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies

    Larval host of Monarch and Queen


    Passion flower passiflora spp usda zone 6 11 l.jpg
    Passion flower Passiflora spp. (USDA Zone 6-11)

    • Vine

    • Native varieties available

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms year-round

    • Throughout Florida

    Larval host of Gulf Fritillary


    Coontie zamia pumila usda zone 9 11 l.jpg
    Coontie Zamia pumila(USDA Zone 9-11)

    • Native shrub ~ 3 ft

    • Full-partial sun

    • Salt and drought tolerant

    • Throughout Florida

    • Insignificant bloom

    Larval host of Atala butterfly, found only in southeast Florida.


    Larval plants for south florida l.jpg

    Wild TamarindLysiloma latisiliquum larval host of Cloudless Sulphurs

    Larval Plantsfor South Florida

    Green Shrimp Blechum brownei

    Larval host of the Malachites


    Wild lime zanthozylum fagara usda zone 11 l.jpg
    Wild LimeZanthozylum fagara(USDA Zone 11)

    • Native tree ~25 ft

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms year-round

    • Salt and drought tolerant

    Larval host of Giant Swallowtail


    Dutchman s pipe aristolochia spp usda zone 8 11 l.jpg
    Dutchman’s PipeAristolochia spp.(USDA Zone 8-11)

    • Vine

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms summer-fall

    • Medium drought tolerance

    Larval host of Pipevine swallowtail


    Senna syn cassia senna spp usda zone 10 11 l.jpg

    Chapman’s Senna

    Senna mexicana var. chapmanii

    Senna(syn. Cassia)Senna spp. (USDA Zone 10-11)

    • Native and non-native shrubs ~ 6-10 ft

    • Full to partial sun

    • Blooms fall- spring

    • Fast growing, short-lived

    Larval host of Sulphurs

    (non-native)Desert Cassia Senna polyphylla


    Cover l.jpg
    Cover

    • Vertical layers

    • Evergreen species for winter cover

    • Standing dead trees, or “snags”

    • Brush pile


    Water l.jpg
    Water

    • Permanent water feature

    • Sound of running water attracts many animals

    Puddling-Butterflies obtain water and minerals from liquid in pore spaces.

    Puddling station

    Sandra Granson


    Design a puddling station l.jpg
    Design a Puddling Station

    • Layer sand in saucer

    • Add layer of compost

    • Place pebbles on top

    • Add water slowly (to pebble layer)

    • Place saucer on upside down pot


    Birdbath l.jpg
    Birdbath

    • Shallow with mildly sloping sides

    • Rough surface

    • Keep clean

    • Rinse off any soap residue

    Audubon Society recommends changing the water and cleaning bird baths weekly to avoid spreading avian diseases.


    Managing for wildlife l.jpg
    Managing for Wildlife

    • Vertical layers of vegetation

    • Plant natives

    • No pesticides!

    • Stop mowing- Weeds add wildlife value to your yard!

    Long-tailed skipper feeding on Spanish needle.

    Bidens alba


    Wild wonderful weeds l.jpg

    Coreopsis Coreopsis spp.

    Wild Wonderful Weeds

    Horsemint Monarda punctata

    Pokeweed

    Phytolacca americana

    Blanket flowerGaillardia pulchella


    Tolerance of nuisance animals l.jpg
    Tolerance of Nuisance Animals

    Herbivores

    (deer, rabbits, ducks)

    • Contribute to food web, circle of life

    • Nets and fencing may protect fruits

    • Harassment or nest removal for non-natives

    Diggers(moles, gophers, squirrels, armadillos, tortoises)

    • Bring nutrient to surface

    • Loosen & aerate soil

    • Feed on turf and landscape pests

    • Trapping and deterrents

    Armadillo

    Pocket Gopher

    Marsh rabbit


    More wild information l.jpg
    More Wild Information

    • Florida Cooperative Extension Service - Wildlife Program

      www.wec.ufl.edu/extension

      • Print on demand

      • Links and information

      • Educational programs

    • Florida Wildlife Habitat Program

    • Local Audubon Society


    Further reading http edis ifas ufl edu l.jpg
    Further ReadingHttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu

    WEC-20 Dealing with Unwanted Wildlife in an Urban Environment

    SS-WEC-70 Threats to Florida's Biodiversity

    WEC-72 Saving Endangered Species: How You Can Help

    WEC-44 Water for Wildlife

    SS-WIS-09 Native Plants that Attract Wildlife: Central Florida

    SS-WIS-22 Butterfly Gardening in Florida

    SS-WIS-21 Hummingbirds of Florida


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    Thanks for your attention!

    The following presentation was made possible through a grant from FL DEP and EPA. Special thanks to the following reviewers for their valued contributions:

    FL114 ELM Design Team and the FYN Subcommittee

    Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, UF

    Agriculture Education and Communication Department

    Environmental Horticulture Department

    Entomology and Nematology Department

    Soil and Water Sciences Department

    Florida Cooperative Extension Service in: Alachua, Broward, Clay, Hillsborough, Lake, Miami-Dade, Orange, Pinellas Sarasota, and Volusia Counties

    Florida Organics Recycling Center for Excellence

    The Center For Wetlands, UF

    United States Department of Agriculture

    Division of Plant Industry


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