Virginia 1570-1650. Queen Elizabeth. Queen Elizabeth lacked the means to finance or govern an overseas colony Lacked men and ships for risky ventures far from England Crown subcontracted colonization by issuing licenses and monopolies to private adventurers
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Queen Elizabeth lacked the means to finance or govern an overseas colony
Sir Walter Ralegh said: he that commands the sea, commands the trade, and he that is Lord of the Trade of the world is lord of the wealth of the world
Queen Elizabeth shared national power with aristocracy & gentry, composing the bicameral national legislature.
Newly poor gravitated to the market towns and seaport cities, especially London
24,000 Indians divided into 30 tribes with one language and one chief—Powhaten
Tasks were divided by gender: women cultivated crops, gathered nuts & fruits, tended the village or camp putting up lodgers and preparing skins to make clothing; men hunted, fished, cleared land for crops, and made dugout canoes
The English were not prepared to understand or accept a culture so different from their own
Peace treaty with Spain in 1604 reduced the danger of a Spanish attack on the new colony
June 1610—survivors abandoned Jamestown, but were intercepted by 3 ships at the mouth of the river
Healthy males refused to work at raising corn because they wanted to search for gold
Powhatan misunderstood Smith’s gratitude at survival for consent to his terms
Leaders believed they would get more corn by making one horrific examples of what can happen to those who fail to obey English orders
Several dozens colonists ran away to join the Indians; those who brought metal weapons were welcomed, those who brought nothing were killed