Oct 2 2006 by dr david agnew associate professor of agricultural education
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Agricultural Youth Organizations. Oct 2, 2006 By Dr. David Agnew Associate Professor of Agricultural Education. Today’ Agenda. Review Parliamentary Procedure State 1-4 paragraphs of Creed Your abstracts. Reminder about the speech next week Big Surprise……… SAEPs Child labor laws.

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Oct 2 2006 by dr david agnew associate professor of agricultural education

Agricultural Youth Organizations

Oct 2, 2006

By Dr. David Agnew

Associate Professor of Agricultural Education


Today agenda
Today’ Agenda

  • Review Parliamentary Procedure

  • State 1-4 paragraphs of Creed

  • Your abstracts.

  • Reminder about the speech next week

  • Big Surprise………

  • SAEPs

  • Child labor laws


Review questions
Review Questions

  • When was FFA founded?

  • Name fives degrees of members.

  • Name four types of members.

  • Where do you find the qualifications for each type of degree.

  • What type of information will you find in the FFA Constitution?

  • Define leadership

  • Name three misunderstandings about leadership

  • What are the three types of leaders?

  • Explain the difference in Transactional & Transformational leadership

  • 10 steps to becoming a successful leader


Review questions cont
Review Questions, Cont….

  • What are some do’s and don’ts for conducting effective meetings.

  • Why an agenda is important

  • What four things does PP provide for in a meeting.

  • What are the items in a typical FFA agenda

  • What does it mean to be Germane, or to have the floor, or to have a quorum?

  • Name 3 forms of voting from lowest to highest.

  • Demonstrate how to conduct a vote.

  • List the different types of motions.


Review questions1
Review Questions

  • Q1 Which of the following is of such great importance that it takes precedence of all the other motions? Incidental Motions. Main Motion. Privileged Motions. Subsidiary Motion.

  • Q2 Which of the following is used to bring up a new subject or idea to the group? Point of Order. Incidental Motions. Main Motion. Recess.

  • Q3Which is not a subsidiary motion? Previous Question. Limit/Extend Debate. Refer to Committee. Appeal.

  • Q4Which of the following requires second, is debatable but not amendable, majority vote? Point of Order. Appeal. Lay on the Table. Withdraw. Q5 Which of the following is used when a member disagrees with the vote result stated by the chair? Suspend the Rules. Postpone Definitely. Lay on the Table. Division of the House.

  • Q6 Suspend the rules requires second, is not debatable, is amendable ad a 2/3 vote. TrueFalse

  • Q7 A parliamentary inquiry requires second, is not amendable or debatable, and no vote. TrueFalse

  • Q8 Moving previous question requires second, not debatable or amendable 2/3 vote. TrueFalse

  • Q9 A main motion can have an amendment and a second amendment. TrueFalse

  • Q10 A rescind does not require a 2/3 vote. TrueFalse


Advisor s part
Advisor’s Part

  • The Advisor's Part:

  •         Vice President: "The advisor."

  •         Advisor: "Here by the owl."

  •         Vice President: "Why stationed by the owl?"

  •         Advisor: "the owl is a time-honored emblem of knowledge and wisdom. Being older than the rest        of you, I am asked to advise you from time to time, as the need arises. I hope that my advise will        always be based on true knowledge and ripened with wisdom.

  •         "Mr/Mrs.Vice President, why do you keep a plow at your station?"

  •         ..........................

  •         Advisor: "Why is the president so stationed?"


The ffa creed
The FFA Creed

  • Listen to the creed as if you were the judge.

  • Use the Handout which is the judging score card to assess each of the one we hear.

  • Now think about how you would help you student learn to do this as well as these.


The ffa creed1
The FFA Creed

I believe in the future of agriculture, with a faith born not of words but of deeds--achievements won by the present and past generations of agriculturists; in the promise of better days through better ways, even as the better things we now enjoy have come to us from the struggles of former years.

I believe that to live and work on a good farm, or to be engaged in other agricultural pursuits, is pleasant as well as challenging; for I know the joys and discomforts of agricultural life and hold an inborn fondness for those associations which even in hours of discouragement, I cannot deny.

I believe in leadership from ourselves and respect from others. I believe in my own ability to work efficiently and think clearly, with such knowledge and skill as I can secure, and in the ability of progressive agriculturists to serve our own and the public interest in producing and marketing the product of our toil.

I believe in less dependence on begging and more power in bargaining; in the life abundant and enough honest wealth to help make it so--for others as well as myself; in less need of charity and more of it when needed; in being happy myself and playing square with those whose happiness depends upon me.

I believe that rural America can and will hold true to the best traditions of our national life and that I can exert an influence in my home and community which will stand solid for my part in that inspiring task.

The FFA Creed


Paragraph 1 of the ffa creed
Paragraph 1 of the FFA Creed

I believe in the future of agriculture, with a faith born not of words but of deeds--achievements won by the present and past generations of agriculturists; in the promise of better days through better ways, even as the better things we now enjoy have come to us from the struggles of former years.


Paragraph 2 of the ffa creed
Paragraph 2 of the FFA Creed

  • I believe that to live and work on a good farm, or to be engaged in other agricultural pursuits, is pleasant as well as challenging; for I know the joys and discomforts of agricultural life and hold an inborn fondness for those associations which even in hours of discouragement, I cannot deny.


Paragraph 3 of the ffa creed
Paragraph 3 of the FFA Creed

I believe in leadership from ourselves and respect from others. I believe in my own ability to work efficiently and think clearly, with such knowledge and skill as I can secure, and in the ability of progressive agriculturists to serve our own and the public interest in producing and marketing the product of our toil.


Paragraph 4 of the ffa creed
Paragraph 4 of the FFA Creed

I believe in less dependence on begging and more power in bargaining; in the life abundant and enough honest wealth to help make it so--for others as well as myself; in less need of charity and more of it when needed; in being happy myself and playing square with those whose happiness depends upon me.


Paragraph 5 of the ffa creed
Paragraph 5 of the FFA Creed

I believe that rural America can and will hold true to the best traditions of our national life and that I can exert an influence in my home and community which will stand solid for my part in that inspiring task.



Have you ever experienced
Have you ever experienced…????

  • Meetings that seem endless because the business could have been completed hours ago?

  • Confusion as to what exactly is being discussed and voted on?

  • Irritation because one person or a small group of people dominate a meeting?

  • The feeling that you never get your voice heard in group discussion?

  • Anger about decisions made that do not reflect the feelings of the majority of the group?


There is a solution you can end the frustration here s how
There is a solution….you can end the Frustration!!! Here’s How…

  • Know and use Parliamentary Procedure

  • Know the dos and don’ts of conducting effective meetings.


Objectives for today
Objectives for Today

  • List 5 do’s and don’ts for conducting effective meetings.

  • Explain why an agenda is important

  • Define Parliamentary Procedure

  • Explain why organizations should use parliamentary procedure

  • List the items in a typical FFA agenda

  • Define terms associated with Parliamentary Procedure

  • Explain the rules of voting

  • List the types of motions

  • Demonstrate how to handle a motion


Do s and don ts for conducting effective meetings

Do’s

Follow an agenda

Use Parliamentary Procedure

Start & end on time (2 hours max)

Give everyone a chance to participate

Post notices for the meeting well in advance.

To the best of your ability make the room comfortable.

Secure a meeting location in advance of the announcement

leave meeting room clean, & neat. This means replacing chairs, cleaning or erasing marker boards, and removing notes or papers.

Use the gavel properly

Don’ts

Ramble

Let a person or group dominate the meeting

Spend large amounts time on items that can be referred to committee

wait for tardy members

Use meetings for up-dates or status reports.

be afraid to ask "Why are we having this meeting?“

encourage or allow more than 1 person to speak at the same time

Discuss a topic before a motion is presented

Have more than one item of business on the floor at once.

Do’s and Don’ts for Conducting Effective Meetings


The importance of an agenda
The Importance of an Agenda

  • An agenda is a formal listing of the business that is to be conducted at a meeting

  • The agenda must be approved by the membership at the start of the meeting.

  • Whenever possible, an agenda should be presented to membership in advance of the meeting for membership review

  • REMEMBER – a well-planned agenda is critical to a well run, organized meeting


Sample agenda
Sample Agenda

  • Each individual organization can adopt an order of business which might look something like this:

    1. Reading and approval of the minutes of the

    previous meeting

    2. Reports of standing committees and officers

    3. Reports of any special committees

    4. Special orders (guest speakers, etc.)

    5. Unfinished business

    6. New Business

    7. Adjournment


Ffa meeting sample agenda
FFA Meeting Sample Agenda:

1. Opening Ceremonies

2. Minutes of the Previous Meeting

3. Officer Reports (Treasurer, Reporter, etc.)

4. Vice-President Report on Chapter Program of

Activities

5. Special Features (guest speakers, videos, team-building activities, etc.)

6. Unfinished Business

7. Committee Reports

8. New Business

9. Ceremonies

10. Closing Ceremonies

11. Entertainment, Recreation, Refreshments


Parliamentary procedure what is it

A predetermined set of “rules” that will be used to “govern” the way business will be conducted

A system of procedure that allows an organization to effectively conduct its official business in a fair and democratic manner

Parliamentary ProcedureWhat is it?


What is Parliamentary Procedure? “govern” the way business will be conducted

  • Set of rules and guidelines that allow the following:

    • Majority rules

    • Minority is heard

    • Handling one item at a time

    • Maintains order


History of Parliamentary Procedure “govern” the way business will be conducted

  • Better known as “Robert’s Rules of Order.”

  • Written by Henry M. Robert in 1876

  • First revised in 1915


Why use parliamentary procedure
Why use Parliamentary Procedure? “govern” the way business will be conducted

  • Focus on one item at a time

    - no more than one issue will be discussed

  • Extend courtesy to everyone

    - all members have an opportunity to participate

  • Observe the rule of the majority

    - no group decision is granted without majority

  • Ensure the rights of the minority

    - all members have equal access to decision-making


Terminology Associated with the conduct of meetings using Parliamentary Procedure

  • The floor: point where attention of meeting should be focused.

  • Germane: discussion or motion pertains to main motion being considered.

  • Quorum: amount of members present required to conduct a meeting.

  • Orders of the Day: Official list of items to be discussed or dealt with on a particular day, e.g. by a legislative body. (Subpart of the agenda)


Using the Gavel Parliamentary Procedure

  • The gavel symbolizes leadership, represents chair’s authority, makes official noise.

  • Used by the chair to signal actions & responses.

    • 1 tap: be seated, announce vote.

    • 2 taps: call to order

    • 3 taps: all rise

    • Series of taps: restore order

  • It is Not something to play with during the meeting.


The role and responsibilities of the of chair
The Role and Responsibilities of the of Chair Parliamentary Procedure

  • What is the purpose or role of the Chair? To act on behalf of the membership in conducting or facilitating a meeting, To preside over something, such as a committee or meeting.

  • Who can be chair? Any member, Usually the prsident but can be anyone (should be someone that can do a fair job of all the above)

  • Can chair discuss business while acting as chair? NO NO NO

  • Can chair step down from the chair’s position and then discuss? YES

  • Can the Chair vote? YES, But often does not unless there is a tie. You never give up your right to vote as a chair.


The role and responsibilities of the of chair cont
The Role and Responsibilities of the of Chair, Parliamentary ProcedureCont.

  • What are the duties of the chair?

    • Guards the rights of each individual and the minority to express an opinion and to vote,

    • assures that the majority will rule,

    • allows only one item of business at a time,

    • keeps to the agenda and the orders of the day,

    • makes sure that Parliamentary Procedure is used,

    • maintains order,

    • counts votes,

    • be aware of the key elements of the constitution,

    • reports outcomes of a vote to the group and to the secretary,

    • uses gavel appropriately,

    • appoints committees,

    • recognizes members to speak or have the floor,

    • Conducts official ceremonies.


The role and right of members
The Role and Right of Members Parliamentary Procedure

  • The membership is responsible for the organization and to establish and maintain effective meeting structure.

  • Every member has the right and responsibility to participate in meetings and the process of parliamentary procedure.

  • Members must educate themselves regarding the Constitution and By-Laws of the group.

  • REMEMBER – Strong group discussion and interaction leads to better decisions.


Getting down to business
Getting Down to Parliamentary ProcedureBusiness…

  • At the appropriate time the chair will call for:

    • Old business

      • Mrs/Mr. Secretary what is our first item of OLD business to transact?

      • According to the agenda the first item of old business is:

      • Is there any old business to become before the group at this time?

      • Will the secretary read the first item of business?

      • If there is no record of old business to transact we will proceed to new business

    • New business

      • Mrs/Mr. Secretary what is our first item of NEW business to transact?

      • According to the agenda the first item of NEW business is:

      • Is there any NEW business to become before the group at this time?

      • Will the secretary read the first item of new business?


Rules of voting
Rules of Voting Parliamentary Procedure

  • Usually from a lower to higher form of voting – Voice to roll call or secret ballet

  • Report the vote to the Secretary…Why?

  • Ask for assistance in counting if needed

  • Don’t report the outcome until all votes are in.

  • Have a team or committee selected to count ballets if needed (never just one person).


Classification of motions
Classification of Motions Parliamentary Procedure

  • Privileged Motions (5) – do not relate to a pending question, however are of such great importance that they take precedence of all other questions (motions)

  • Incidental Motions (8) – arise from another question that is pending and must be decided before the question out of which they arise (are made as the result of another motion)

  • Subsidiary Motions (7) – applied to other motions for the purpose of appropriately disposing of them

  • Main Motion (1) – used to bring up a new subject or idea to the group

  • Unclassified (3) – have a definite purpose but are not classified as any other


Privileged motions

1. Parliamentary ProcedureAdjourn – allows the meeting to be officially over

*gain recognition from chair

“Mr./Madame President, I move to adjourn the meeting.”

*second required, not debatable, not amendable, majority vote

2. Question of Privilege –

may be a group or personal request from the chair

*no recognition needed

“M/M President, I rise to a group question of privilege – it is difficult to hear you would you please speak up?”

*no second, not debatable or amendable, no vote

Privileged Motions


Privileged motions cont

3. Parliamentary ProcedureFix a Time To Which to Adjourn – allows for a continuance of the current meeting when it is obvious the meeting will not end in the allowable time frame

“M/M President, seeing we will be unable to finish today’s business in the time available, I move that when we adjourn we stand adjourned until 3:00 pm tomorrow.”

4. Recess – a short break or intermission in the proceedings which does not close the meeting

*gain recognition from chair

“M/M President, I move that we take a five minute recess to gather our thoughts on this matter.”

*second required, not debatable, is amendable as to time only, majority vote

Privileged Motions (cont.)


Privileged motions cont1
Privileged Motions Parliamentary Procedure(cont.)

5. Call for the Orders of the Day – used when the group deviates from the agenda and you would like to follow the agenda

*no recognition needed, not debatable or amendable

“M/M President, I call for the orders of the day.”

President then asks the secretary to read the orders (agenda)

President then asks members if there are objections to following the orders of the day

If there are objections, a vote must be taken and need 2/3 vote of the membership to not follow the orders of the day


Incidental motions

6. Parliamentary ProcedurePoint of Order – made when a member of the assembly makes a parliamentary error

*no recognition needed

“M/M President, I rise to a point of order.”

President asks member to state his/her point

Member states parliamentary error and chairperson agrees or disagrees

*no second, not debatable or amendable, no vote

7. Appeal – used when member feels that the chairperson has made a decision not in agreement with the group

*no recognition needed

Chairman says the group was volunteered to clean all of main street

“M/M President, I appeal the decision of the chair.”

*requires second, is debatable but not amendable, majority vote

Incidental Motions


Incidental motions cont

8. Parliamentary ProcedureSuspend the Rules used to deviate from the agenda or allow for special circumstances

*need recognition

“M/M President, I move to suspend the rules so that our guest speaker may speak at this time.”

*requires a second, is not debatable or amendable, 2/3 vote

9. Division of the House

used when a member disagrees with the vote result stated by the chair

*no recognition needed

“I call for the Division of the House!”

President then calls for a revote – any other than voice and states result

*no second, not debatable or amendable, no vote

Incidental Motions (cont.)


Incidental motions cont1

10. Parliamentary ProcedureParliamentary Inquiry –

used when there is a question about parliamentary law

*no recognition needed

“I raise a parliamentary inquiry.”

President then asks member to state his/her inquiry

“Is this motion debatable?”

President responds

*no second, not amendable or debatable, no vote

11. Withdraw – used when a member wishes to withdraw his/her motion

Member may say “I withdraw my motion” before President restates it and it is dropped.

If the President restates the motion, requires a majority vote by the members to withdraw it.

*no second, not debatable or amendable, no vote

Incidental Motions (cont.)


Incidental motions cont2

12. Parliamentary ProcedureDivision of the Question - used when a member feels the motion is really two motions in one

*recognition required

Example: “M/M President, I move that our group have a bake sale for a fundraiser and we go out for pizza after our meeting.”

“M/M President, this motion is really two motions in one. Therefore, I move to divide the question into two parts; the first stating that we have a bake sale and the second stating that we go out for pizza after our meeting.”

*second required, not debatable but is amendable as to how the question is divided, majority vote

Incidental Motions (cont.)


Incidental motions cont3
Incidental Motions Parliamentary Procedure(cont.)

13. Object to the Consideration of the Question – allows group to avoid a motion entirely if they feel it would not be in the best interest of the group to consider it

*no recognition, must be made before president restates the motion

“M/M President, I object to the consideration of the question!”

*A 2/3 vote is then required to pass this motion and if done so, the motion is dropped

*no second required, not debatable or amendable


Subsidiary motions

14. Parliamentary ProcedureLay on the Table – used to postpone decision on the motion until the next meeting (at the latest)

*requires recognition

“M/M President, I move to lay this motion on the table.”

*requires second, not debatable or amendable, majority vote

15. Previous Question – used when member wants an immediate vote

*requires recognition

“M/M President, I move the previous question (on all pending matters.)

*requires second, not debatable or amendable, 2/3 vote

Subsidiary Motions


Subsidiary motions cont

16. Parliamentary ProcedurePostpone Definitely – used to remove an issue from the floor to be brought up at the next meeting

*recognition required

“M/M President, I move to postpone this motion to our next regularly scheduled meeting.”

*second required, debatable and amendable as to time, majority vote

17. Limit/Extend Debate – used to increase or decrease debate/discussion

*recognition required

“M/M President, I move to limit/extend debate to five minutes per side/three debates per member.”

*second required, not debatable or amendable, 2/3 vote

Standard debate rules are twice per motion/ten minutes per debate

Subsidiary Motions (cont.)


Subsidiary motions cont1

18. Parliamentary ProcedureRefer to Committee – used to allow a committee to do more research or look into an issue more

**May be a standing committee or special committee

**Must state number of members on committee

**The power the committee is given (to act, or report back)

**How the committee is selected (appointed, volunteer, etc.)

**Must address who the chair will be if not a standing comm.

“M/M President, I move to refer this motion to a committee of three, appointed by the chair, chair appointed by the chair, giving them the power to act.”

*recognition, second, is debatable and amendable, majority vote required

Subsidiary Motions (cont.)


Subsidiary motions cont2
Subsidiary Motions Parliamentary Procedure(cont.)

19. Amendment – used to change a motion, but never the intent of the motion

** Three ways to amend a motion:

1. Addition – adding a word or phrase

2. Subtraction (striking out) – removal of part of the motion

but not to change the intent

3. Substitution – removing part of the motion and inserting a

new word or phrase

“M/M President, I move to amend the motion by adding the words “and we pay our own way.”

**motions can only be amended twice, require recognition, a second, are debatable & amendable, and a majority vote


Subsidiary motions cont3
Subsidiary Motions Parliamentary Procedure(cont.)

20. Postpone Indefinitely – used to remove an issue from debate permanently (not postponed, dropped)

*requires recognition

“M/M President, I feel this motion should not be considered by our group, therefore I move to postpone this motion indefinitely.”

*second required, is debatable but not amendable, majority vote

The motion may be brought up again, but is not required to be through the power of this motion


Main motion
Main Motion Parliamentary Procedure

21. Main Motion – used to bring items of business to the group; can not be used if any other motion is on the floor

**The only acceptable way to start a motion is to say…

“I move…”

*recognition required

“M/M President, I move that we take a trip to City Hall to learn about our city’s government.”

*second required, debatable and amendable, majority vote

(the main motion is the lowest ranking of all motions)


Unclassified motions
Unclassified Motions Parliamentary Procedure

22. Take from the Table – used to bring a motion that was previously tabled back on the floor

*requires recognition

“M/M President, I move to take from the table the motion concerning our raffle fundraiser that was tabled at our last meeting.”

*requires second, not debatable or amendable, majority vote

**If motion passes, the chair states that the motion is back on the floor in its debatable and amendable form. Then asks for discussion


Unclassified motions cont

23. Parliamentary ProcedureRescind – allows a member to remove some action previously taken

*requires recognition

“M/M President, I move to rescind the motion which states we take a field trip to City Hall.”

*requires second, D & A,2/3 vote

**The member making this motion must have been on the side of the prevailing vote

*requires recognition, is debatable

“M/M President, I move to reconsider the motion stating that we hire a new parliamentarian.”

President would then ask if member was on prevailing side and mention that motion is back on the floor

Unclassified Motions (cont.)

24. Reconsider – allows discussion and a revote on action previously taken


Putting it all together
Putting it All Together… Parliamentary Procedure

A common “agenda item” might look like this…

President: “Is there any new business…The chair recognizes

John.”

John: “M/M President, I move that we use Parliamentary Law

according to Robert’s Rules of Order at all of our

meetings.”

Sue: “I second that motion.”

President: “Is there any discussion?”

(chat, chat, chat)

President: “Seeing no further discussion, we will now proceed

to vote. All those in favor say “Aye”; all opposed

same sign. Motion passes.”


Final thoughts
Final Thoughts… Parliamentary Procedure

  • Do not get overwhelmed. Parliamentary Procedure takes practice, practice, practice and patience, patience, patience.

  • Make a conscious group decision that meetings will be conducted according to Parliamentary Law and those laws will be followed by every member.

  • Many parts of Parliamentary Procedure can be “modified” to fit the needs of an individual group.

  • Work together to educate your members on the rules of Parliamentary Procedure to ensure effective meetings.

  • REMEMBER – This is only a brief overview of how Parliamentary Procedure works – keep learning!


Now lets try using parliamentary procedure

Now lets try Using Parliamentary ProcedureParliamentary Procedure


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