Ch. 11: Carbon A Multifarious Element. Why Carbon?. Versatility Single, double, triple bonds Structural diversity. Short-hand for expressing carbon-based compounds. C 4 H 10 : butane Structural formula Condensed structural formula Carbon skeleton formula C 4 H 8 C 4 H 6. Isomers.
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Ethanol (C2H6O) vs. dimethylether (C2H6O)
1) Select the longest carbon chain and name it as the correct alkane.
2) Change the “-yl” ending of the other (shorter) hydrocarbon group to “-oxy” to
obtain the alkoxy group name.
3) Combine the two names giving the alkoxy group name first.