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Natural Hazard Risk Management in the Caribbean Liz Riley Mainstreaming Gender in Natural Hazard Risk Reduction Workshop The Royal, Saint Lucia November 28-29, 2005. Presentation outline. Introduction A Definition Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM)

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Natural Hazard Risk Management in the CaribbeanLiz RileyMainstreaming Gender in Natural Hazard Risk Reduction WorkshopThe Royal, Saint LuciaNovember 28-29, 2005


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Presentation outline

  • Introduction

  • A Definition

  • Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM)

  • Components of Natural Hazard Risk Management

  • Entry points in gender mainstreaming


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  • Caribbean prone to natural hazards

    • Storm surge, tsunami, coastal erosion

    • Landslides

    • Volcanic, earthquakes

    • Flood, high winds, drought


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Clarendon Jamaica Flood Event May 2002

(Acknowledgement JDF)


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Clarendon Jamaica Flood Event May 2002

(Acknowledgement JDF)


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Palmiste, Grenada – Hurricane Lenny 1999


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Guave Grenada – Hurricane Lenny 1999


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  • Vulnerability reflected in

    • Recurrent Losses

    • Multi sector impacts

    • Differential impacts to various groups

      Result – scarce resources, earmarked for development diverted for relief and reconstruction


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  • Disasters are essentially a development problem.

  • Disasters expose vulnerabilities which are already in existence

  • There are various types of vulnerability: structural, institutional, economic, social etc.


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Definition:

The systematic management of administrative decisions, organizations, operational skills and abilities to implement policies, strategies and coping capacities of the society or individuals to lessen the impacts of natural hazards.


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The Traditional approach

A focus on preparedness and emergency response

Responsibility lies with government and specifically the Disaster office


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NHRM … A different Approach

  • Anticipatory and pro active – hazards considered in development practices

  • Responsibility belongs to all – a comprehensive approach

  • How do our development decisions contribute to vulnerability? How can development planning reduce vulnerability?


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Comprehensive Disaster Management

  • Integrate disaster management into planning and development

  • Integrated management of all hazards

  • Management of all phases of Disaster Management Cycle:

    • Prevention and Mitigation

    • Preparedness and Response

    • Recovery and Restoration/Rehabilitation


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Dimensions of Hazard Risk Management

  • Risk Identification – How well do we understand our vulnerability?

  • Risk Reduction – What activities have we designed to minimize or eliminate damage from hazard events?

  • Risk Transfer – What mechanisms do we have which ensure funds are readily available to repair or replace should loss occur?


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Entry Points for Gender Mainstreaming …

  • Risk Identification

  • Gender disaggregated data collection (pre-event)

  • Mapping of vulnerable populations

  • Utilizing past disaster scenarios to anticipate possible impacts related to gender

  • Post-disaster assessment


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Risk Reduction

  • Integrating gender considerations into hazard risk reduction policies and programmes to guide future development and investment towards reduced hazard vulnerability

  • Public information and education campaigns are targeted and informed by gender considerations


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Risk Transfer

  • Insurance schemes designed to benefit vulnerable populations.

Preparedness

  • Strengthened community resilience through gender sensitive training in preparedness functions

    • Shelter management, Warehouse management

    • Evacuation planning


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