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The Criminal Justice in Egypt . The Arab Republic of Egypt is situated in north East the Africa Continent, it joins Asia and Africa. Jordan and the Red sea limit it from the East, the Mediterranean, Labia from the West and Sudan from the South. .

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The Criminal Justice in Egypt

  • The Arab Republic of Egypt is situated in north East the Africa Continent, it joins Asia and Africa. Jordan and the Red sea limit it from the East, the Mediterranean, Labia from the West and Sudan from the South.


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  • Egypt has one quarter of the world s monuments the Middle East and the Suez canal which joins the Mediterranean and the Red sea. , it has pharynx civilization such as the pyramids which is one of the seven wonders, it also has Greek civilization,Roman civilization, Coptic civilization, as well as Islamic civilization.


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  • Egypt’s political system is republican. as many industrial cities were built as six October city which is situated west the capital.There are three separate authorities which are the legislative authority that represents the people’s Assembly, the executive authority and the judicial authority.


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  • Judiciary in Egypt is divided into two sections, the first one is “ Judges” and the second one is “public prosecutors”.

  • Judiciary has the supreme judicial council which has full responsibility of judges affairs and the public prosecutors.

  • This council supervises their works from the technical side and chooses the best members to work in this field.


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  • This center mainly aims to train the new public prosecutors and the new judges in the judicial field.

  • The center always trains the public prosecutors and the judges continuously by holding specialized courses in all aspects of law to discuss the new subjects, the problems which appear during the application of law.


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  • N.C.J.S also aims to held courses for the member of judiciary to discuss the new legislations in Egypt and way of applying them.

  • N.C.J.S also aims to held courses about the International Human law in cooperation with the International committee of Red Cross and also held courses about the Human right law in cooperation with U.N.D.P.


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  • Human rights law is one of most important subjects in N.C.J.S.

  • The Ministry of Justice established a specialized administration for Human rights.

  • Which aims to receive the complaints of the individuals, accused or the prisoners, this administration finds solutions for these complaints in cooperation with the police and the other systems.


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4- The principle of protection the family motherhood and childhood.

5- The principle of equality between man and woman.

6- The principle of the right of the free education.

7- The principle of the fair distribution of the national income.


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  • The most important international explanations through the international mechanism of human rights, which are experts committees formed in accordance with the international agreements or through the regional mechanism of human rights in accordance with regional conventions in the legal status of international conventions of human rights in the motion’s legal system.


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  • The Egyptian constitutional legislator followed the system which gives international convention the force of law whereas international conventions in general and according with the legal system.

  • In Egypt has the equivalent importance of laws in its legislation form and leas the second importance after the constitution.


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  • AS a result of the attestation of the convention, it is considered as a law of the inside laws concerning.

  • The legislative authority as so its passions are considered one of the applied legal provision and enforceable before all the motion’s authorities either legislative or executive or judicial.



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  • Egypt signed for example:- conventions in this field.

  • The international covenant of the political and civil rights in4\8\1967.

  • The international covenant of the economical and social rights in 4\8\1967.

  • Egypt joined the refugees convention in 22\5\1981.

  • Egypt joined the African covenant of Human Rights 1981.


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  • This article stipulates Rights.that any violation of personal freedom and privacy of citizens and other rights and freedom stipulated by the constitution is a crime which the civil and criminal cases can not become subject to limitations or prescription, the nation guarantees fair compensation for the assailed person.


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  • The constitution stipulates the right of a fair trial in article (67), the restraints of fair trial are initial rules which reflect the integrated system concerning the human dignity and his basic rights and to ensure the limitation of the legislative authority when imposing the penalty to protect the social system.


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  • Penalty should be according to the right concept of the criminal justice.

  • There is a coordination between the public prosecution and the Ministry of the interior affairs in the field of respecting the human rights, this is the previous stage of the stage of fair trial and it is considered the base of this trial.


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  • The competent court that decides a speedy suitable punishment for the dead committed by the defendant in order to protect the rights of the plaint and the defendant.

  • The role of the prosecution is not only concerning this issue but it expands to the supervision of prisons and the coundination with the police to set up principles and rules to protect the rights of prisoners.


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  • The legislator gave a great concern to the rights of the defendant during the investigation of the prosecution where the Egyptian law binds the modification of the defendant of his accusation in the first stage of investigation, which should be an understandable language for the defendant and to appoint an interpreter to translate the questions.


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EGYPT defendant during the investigation of the prosecution where the Egyptian law binds the modification of the defendant of his accusation in the first stage of investigation, which should be an understandable language for the defendant and to appoint an interpreter to translate the questions.


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