Teenagers. Lisa Meredith. Jennifer Emily. and. PLASTIC SURGERY. The effects of plastic surgery in the media on Teens. Television Shows like “Extreme Makeover” and “The Swan” are fueling the desire of teens to change their appearance permanently.
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search engines they see these
ads for enhancements.
Some teens seek perfection...
The cost: a serious mental disorder.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
The standard description of BDD by the American Psychiatric Association:
The Poster Boy for BDD:
to function in society.
Excessive exercise or dieting
Frequently comparing appearance to others; scrutinizing the appearance of others
Frequently checking appearance in mirrors & other reflective surfaces, and/or
Avoiding mirrors & other reflective surfaces
Feeling nervous & self-conscious around other people because they might see the perceived body defect
Hiding the perceived defect with clothing, makeup, posture, etc.
Questioning compliments; looking for compliments, needing to be reassured, and/or trying to convince others about the perceived defect
Frustration with those who do not see the perceived defect
Obsession with the perceived defect: touching it, picking at it, measuring it, staring at it for hours
Excessively reading or searching the internet about the perceived defect
Avoiding social situations where the perceived defect might be discovered
Frequent absenteeism from school because of “feeling ugly” or the inability to properly “hide” the perceived defect
Seeking cosmetic surgery, drugs, or other medical treatment for the perceived defect even though doctors, family & friends don’t think any procedure is necessary
Symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder:
BDD can lead to steroid abuse,
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
affects 1 in 50 people– about 2% of the people in the US.
In 70% of BDD cases, the disorder begins to manifest itself before the age of 18.
Self-degrading thoughts take
over the mind until they are
ALL the individual can think about.
According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, In adolescent boys, breast reduction (Gynecomastia) procedures numbered 4,223, in 2005. This showed an increase of 26% from 2000.
Cosmetic minimally invasive procedures are on the rise.
In 2005, cosmetic surgical procedures numbered 77,229. Non-surgical procedures (“minimally invasive”) numbered 256,134
According to Dr. F. Palmer, plastic surgeon, “Everyone on the planet become more masculine looking as they age. This benefits men, but obviously not women…It is also true that society places more pressure on girls and women to constantly look good… they (women) also compete amongst themselves based on their appearance.
Adolescent boys more often find acceptance and pride in athletic achievement and social networks. In fact, boys who spend lots of time on their appearance get teased for being “pretty boys” or ridiculed for looking GAY.
The types of cosmetic procedures that many men receive (aside from rhinoplasty) are generally very new and invasive (pectoral implants, calf implants, and gastric bypass surgeries). Many doctors are unwilling to perform surgeries of this nature on patients under the age of 18 (as per the American Medical Association).
Yet, boys as well as girls can dev- elop mental disorders like Body Dysmorphia and now, Muscle Dysmorphia.
An obsession with being muscular and lean
Steroids trick the body into thinking
it is producing testosterone
This shuts down bodily functions like
bone growth, causing the ends of
bones to fuse together and stop
Steroids cause the prostrate glands in
males to become so large that a tube
must be inserted into the penis in order
Individuals with muscle dysmorphia
will continue the use of steroids despite
They sacrifice their social life so that
they can go to the gym for hours
at a time
Obsessing over strenuous workouts, diet and the use of performance-enhancing drugs
(steroids) consumes them
Steroids are often manufactured
in motels & trailers and smuggled into the U.S.
The amount, strength & purity of these drugs are not regulated
According to the American Medical Association, ethical considerations regarding Plastic Surgery in Teenagers include:
Level of Physical Maturity: Will the teen outgrow the need to permanently alter their appearance?
Social Cost: Does the patient suffer socially because of their “Problem”?