TED - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Slide1 l.jpg
Download
1 / 32

  • 439 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Pets / Animals

AND FRIENDS. TED. Karen Kalck & Tracy Garza. Objectives. Taxonomy Anatomy Restraint and handling Training Physical exam Signs of illness Diagnostic modalities. This is Ted…. These are Ted’s friends…. Sea Lion. Manatee. Gray whale. Seal. Sea otter. Fur seal.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

TED

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Slide1 l.jpg

AND FRIENDS

TED

Karen Kalck & Tracy Garza


Objectives l.jpg

Objectives

  • Taxonomy

  • Anatomy

  • Restraint and handling

  • Training

  • Physical exam

  • Signs of illness

  • Diagnostic modalities


This is ted l.jpg

This is Ted…


These are ted s friends l.jpg

These are Ted’s friends…

Sea Lion

Manatee

Gray whale

Seal

Sea otter

Fur seal


Taxonomy how ted fits in with his friends l.jpg

TAXONOMY(how Ted fits in with his friends)

  • Carnivora

    • Polar Bears

    • Sea Otters

    • Pinnipeds

      • Sea Lions and Fur Seals – Otarids

      • Seals - Phocids

      • Walruses - Odobenids

  • Sirenia

    • Manatees

    • Dugongs

  • Cetaceans

    • Untoothed Mysticetes - i.e. Gray whales

    • Toothed Odontocetes – i.e. Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises


Slide6 l.jpg

Sea Lions

and

Fur Seals

The Pinnipeds

Callorhinus ursinus

(northern fur seal)

True Seals

Phoca vitulina

(harbor seal)

Walrus

Odobenus rosmarus

(walrus)


No pinnae l.jpg

No Pinnae!!

What has happened to my ears??


Slide8 l.jpg

Sea Lions

and

Fur Seals

The Pinnipeds

Callorhinus ursinus

(northern fur seal)

True Seals

Phoca vitulina

(harbor seal)

Walrus

Odobenus rosmarus

(walrus)


Taxonomy how ted fits in with his friends9 l.jpg

TAXONOMY(how Ted fits in with his friends)

  • Carnivora

    • Polar Bears

    • Sea Otters

    • Pinnipeds

      • Sea Lions and Fur Seals – Otarids

      • Seals - Phocids

      • Walruses - Odobenids

  • Sirenia

    • Manatees

    • Dugongs

  • Cetaceans

    • Untoothed Mysticetes - i.e. Gray whales

    • Toothed Odontocetes – i.e. Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises


Slide10 l.jpg

Manatees

Sirenians

Trichechus manatus

(Florida manatee)

Dugong

Dugong dugon (Dugong)


Taxonomy how ted fits in with his friends11 l.jpg

TAXONOMY(how Ted fits in with his friends)

  • Carnivora

    • Polar Bears

    • Sea Otters

    • Pinnipeds

      • Sea Lions and Fur Seals – Otarids

      • Seals - Phocids

      • Walruses - Odobenids

  • Sirenia

    • Manatees

    • Dugongs

  • Cetaceans

    • Untoothed Mysticetes - i.e. Gray whales

    • Toothed Odontocetes – i.e. Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises


Slide12 l.jpg

I am not a porpoise!!


Slide13 l.jpg

Dolphin vs Porpoise


Ted s anatomy l.jpg

TED’S ANATOMY


Which one is ted l.jpg

Which one is Ted?


Restraint and handling wild capture l.jpg

RESTRAINT AND HANDLING - WILD CAPTURE

  • Equipment

    • Nets and ropes

    • Stretchers

    • Pulleys

    • Manpower


Training ted l.jpg

TRAINING TED

  • Reduces risk of injury and stress

  • Important behaviors

    • Tail fluke

    • Genital slit

    • Urination

  • TRAINING IS KEY!


Slide18 l.jpg

I’m such a good boy!


Restraint and handling of ted l.jpg

RESTRAINT AND HANDLING OF TED

  • Restraint out of water

    • More likely to injure himself than you

    • Stay close to his body

    • Be careful not to restrict his breathing

    • Place hand on rostrum to keep mouth closed

    • Keep tail under control at all times!!


Slide20 l.jpg

I learned the

hard way!!


Ted s physical exam l.jpg

TED’S PHYSICAL EXAM

  • Healthy Ted

  • Venipuncture

  • Auscultation and percussion

  • Injections


Healthy ted l.jpg

Healthy Ted

  • Attitude

    • Interested in and follows people

    • Rests by maintaining neutral buoyancy

  • Eyes

    • Tears very thick

    • Pupil shape

  • Mouth

    • 80-104 total teeth

    • Clear mucus glands

  • Skin

    • No sebaceous glands

    • Easily lacerated or contused


Healthy ted23 l.jpg

Healthy Ted

  • Blowhole

    • Fresh to slightly “fishy” breath odor

    • Occasional white, foamy fluid

  • Body Condition

    • No “neck”

    • Plump

  • Stool

    • Greenish-tan; watery

    • Occasionally may float

  • Urine

    • Light to dark amber, clear


Ted s blood venipuncture l.jpg

Ted’s Blood(Venipuncture)

  • Needle inserted at aperpendicular angle to

    the keel

  • The blood of dolphins has a prolonged clotting time (lacks factor 12)


Ted s heart and lungs auscultation and percussion l.jpg

Ted’s Heart and Lungs (Auscultation and percussion)

  • Conventional stethoscope in plastic sleeve

  • Placed over lower third of thorax just caudal and slightly ventral to the pectoral fin


Ted s heart and lungs auscultation and percussion26 l.jpg

Ted’s Heart and Lungs (Auscultation and percussion)

  • Respiratory

    • Rate 1-4 times per minute

    • Measured over a 5 minute period

  • Heart

    • Rate is generally 40-130 bpm

    • Sinus arrhythmia is common


Injecting ted l.jpg

Injecting Ted

  • IV injections

  • Subcutaneous injections

    • Possible and sometimes done for fluid therapy

  • IM injections

    • Between the dorsal and lateral spinous processes of the vertebrae

That better only be a 22 gauge!


If ted was sick l.jpg

IF TED WAS SICK…

  • Poor appetite

  • Evident weight loss

  • Unusual behavior

  • Vomiting or diarrhea

  • Discharges from the

    blowhole or nostrils

  • Foul breath

  • Discolored or cloudy urine

  • Skin damage


Common medical conditions l.jpg

COMMON MEDICAL CONDITIONS

  • Skin wounds

  • Bacterial infections

  • Fungal infections

  • Dental disease

  • Gastric Ulcers

  • Gastric foreign objects


Diagnostic modalities l.jpg

DIAGNOSTIC MODALITIES

  • Radiographs

  • Ultrasound

  • Endoscopy

  • CT Scan

  • MRI


References l.jpg

REFERENCES

  • Borecky, Richard. MSU CVM Class of 2003

  • Gulland, Ph.D.,VetM.B.,MRCVS, Frances, (2000): Concepts In Marine Mammal Medicine

  • Rommel, Ph.D., Sentiel, (2000): Concepts In Marine Mammal Medicine

  • Tarpley, D.V.M., Ph.D. Raymond (2000): Concepts In Marine Mammal Medicine

  • Van Bonn D.V.M., William (2000): Concepts In Marine Mammal Medicine

  • Photos courtesy of www.davidfleetham.com and www.corbis.com


Questions l.jpg

QUESTIONS?


  • Login