Intensive Livestock Farming
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Intensive Livestock Farming. Ineke Jansen. Tallinn, March 2007. Ineke Jansen Province of Zeeland, Netherlands Head Environmental Department 220 sites; about 50 IPPC installations 3 on intensive rearing of pigs [email protected] Content. What animals are we talking about

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Intensive Livestock Farming

Ineke Jansen

Tallinn, March 2007


  • Ineke Jansen

  • Province of Zeeland, Netherlands

  • Head Environmental Department

  • 220 sites; about 50 IPPC installations

  • 3 on intensive rearing of pigs

  • [email protected]


Content
Content

  • What animals are we talking about

  • Key environmental issues

  • Animal welfare

  • Whole chain concept

  • How to come to BAT:

    • housing systems

    • landspreading of manure

  • Conclusions


  • Poultry:

    • Chicken laying hens and broilers

    • (Turkeys, ducks and Guinea fowls)

  • Pigs:

    • Mating and gestating sows

    • Farrowing sows

    • Weaned piglets

    • Growers/finishers


  • = Laying hen

    Broilers =


    Mating sow

    Gestating sow

    Farrowing sow

    Weaned piglets


    Grower

    Finisher


    • Farm activities:

      • Farm management

      • Feeding strategy

      • Rearing of animals: housing systems

      • Collection and storage of manure

      • On-site treatment of manure

      • Landspreading of manure


    Key environmental issues
    Key environmental issues

    • Emissions to:

      • air (ammonia)

      • soil and groundwater (N, P)

    • Energy and water

    • Waste


    Animal welfare
    Animal welfare

    • Water for the animals

    • Housing systems

      • cages versus free range systems for laying hens

      • litter based systems for pigs

      • materials for enrichment for pigs and chickens

      • light, heating/cooling, ventilation, ….



    How to come to bat
    How to come to BAT

    • How to come from Chapter 4  Chapter 5

      • A tool for the BAT-assessment

      • Reference system (few data + climate conditions)

      • Applied for assessing:

        • housing systems for pigs

        • housing systems for layers and broilers

        • air abatement systems in housings


    Housing systems pigs
    Housing systems; pigs

    • Reduce manure pit

    • Remove manure

    • Flush with liquid part

    • Cool manure surface

    • Use smooth surfaces


    Housing systems pigs1
    Housing systems; pigs

    • The conclusions in Chapter 5:

      • BAT

      • Conditional BAT; odour

      • BAT for systems that are already in place

      • Split view from one Member State

      • Littered systems


    Housing systems laying hens
    Housing systems; laying hens

    • Conventional cage housing:

    Ban on new: 2003

    Total ban: 2012


    Housing systems laying hens1
    Housing systems; laying hens

    • The conclusions in Chapter 5:

      • Conventional cage housing

        • BAT:

          • quick removal of manure

          • quick removal and drying of manure

        • Conditional BAT


    Housing systems laying hens2
    Housing systems; laying hens

    • The conclusions in Chapter 5:

      • Enriched cage concept is the only alternative

        • BAT assessment not possible

      • Non-cage housing

        • BAT, although higher ammonia and dust emissions


    Housing systems broilers
    Housing systems; broilers

    • Reference: simple closed building with litter; no cage

    • The conclusions in Chapter 5:

      • BAT

      • Conditional BAT; the Combideck system

      • BAT for systems that are already in place


    Landspreading of slurry
    Landspreading of slurry

    • BAT for applying slurry to arable land:

      • Injection

      • Bandspreading + incorporation < 4 hours


    Landspreading of slurry1
    Landspreading of slurry

    • Split view:

      • Bandspreading with / without incorporation

    • Not BAT:

      • Conventional broadcasting

    • No consensus on:

      • Improved broadcasting + incorporation


    Landspreading of solid manure
    Landspreading of solid manure

    • BAT for applying solid manure - from pig and poultry - to arable land:

      • Incorporation < 12 hours

    • Split view on pig and poultry manure:

      • Incorporation < 24 hours


    Conclusions
    Conclusions

    • The TWG reached a high degree of consensus on the BREF document and on the BAT-conclusions

    • Five split views were reported

    • A useful document for the permitwriter

    • The Province of Zeeland is offering you practical help in your permitwriting processes


    Conclusions1
    Conclusions

    • A whole new ‘living’ area for the EIPPCB


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