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Remote Sensing. 2009-10 Science Olympiad Midwest Coaching Academy Bill Keiper. Background. Replaced Div C Road Scholar in 2002 (originally titled “From A Distance”) 2002 to 2006: Earth Cultural Impact on Earth Natural Impact on Human Culture Topic Rotation (Coastal Features, Glaciers)

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remote sensing

Remote Sensing

2009-10 Science Olympiad

Midwest Coaching Academy

Bill Keiper

background
Background
  • Replaced Div C Road Scholar in 2002 (originally titled “From A Distance”)
  • 2002 to 2006: Earth
    • Cultural Impact on Earth
    • Natural Impact on Human Culture
    • Topic Rotation (Coastal Features, Glaciers)
  • 2007-08: Mars
  • 2009: Earth - Global Warming
  • 2010: Human Impact on Forest Biomes

Check old files. Some may apply to 2010

Good % should have use in 2010

the rules highlights changes
The Rules – Highlights / Changes
  • Impact on Forest Biomes
  • Resources
    • Only 5 sheets of 8.5 x 11 inch paper (same as 2009)
    • Any kind of non-graphing calculator
  • Discarded the three section format of the test – open to interpretation of the event director
  • Expectations
    • Rulers, other instruments will be provided if needed
    • Often a station-based event in the past, likely to be a sedentary, packet test
the topics areas of study links with other events
The Topics – Areas of StudyLinks with other Events
  • Science
    • Meteorology / Climatology
    • Ecology
    • Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • Physics
    • Astronomy (Orbits, planetary cycles)
  • Analysis/Theory/Interpretation
    • Mathematics, Statistics
    • Measurement, Map-Skills
    • Interpretation / Explanation
  • Technology
    • Equipment
      • Sensors
      • Satellites

Dynamic Planet

Meteorology

Ecology

Physics

Astronomy

Road Scholar

Experimental Design (writer)

Technology

(robotics, Mission)

forest biomes
Forest Biomes

Global Warming

Economic Development

Population Growth

  • Subjects – Examples:
    • Change in size/area
      • Deforestation
    • Change in configuration
      • Segmentation
    • Environmental change
      • Temperature
      • Weather
      • Water cycle
      • Introduction of new species
      • ….

Change in Biodiversity, Flora & Fauna

examples deforestation
Examples – Deforestation
  • Potential test areas:
    • Measure area, calculate rate of change over time
    • Assess land use based on patterns
    • Analyze type of sensing technology employed
examples
Examples
  • Land use
  • Time Sequence
  • Type of Forest / Location
  • Seasonal variation
  • Radiative balance
examples temperature change
Examples - Temperature Change
  • Positive or negative
  • Measure Area, Assess 2nd/3rd order effects
  • Technology
remote sensing technology
Remote Sensing Technology
  • Satellites / Platforms
    • Orbits, Missions
    • Parts of a satellite
  • Instruments
    • Spectrum range, capabilities
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • Capabilities to study Biome status/change
  • Technology (how it works)
  • Techniques
    • Translating sensing data into information
examples satellites
Examples - Satellites
  • Mission/purpose
  • History (launch, operating status, significant results)
  • Nation/Agency/ Company
  • Orbit
examples technique
Examples - Technique
  • Converting digital data into information
  • Options to suit the subject and purpose
  • Element of ‘art’ introduced with science
statistics results
Statistics - Results
  • From (6) 2009 Ohio Invitationals/Regionals/State (~ 75 teams)

% of Questions asked / answered correctly

Interpretation

Precision

More time consuming

practice
Practice
  • Sample Tests
    • One included in your packet
  • Flashcards
  • Games
    • Live (knowledge and speed)
      • Jeopardy
      • Bingo
    • Homework
      • Scavenger Hunt

Let the kids develop!

competition references 5 pages
Competition References – 5 Pages
  • Suggestions:
    • Global Warming
      • Statistics
    • Forest Effects
      • Size
      • Configuration (e.g., fragmenting)
      • Biome Impacts (diversity)
    • Electromagnetic Spectrum
      • Wavelengths, best applications, sample images
      • Satellites and instruments
    • Glossary of key terms (alphabetical, by concept, ?)
    • Mark a scale on an edge (extra ruler); translucent grid for area measurement?
  • Most effective if the kids develop the references!
earth science satellites their roles
Earth Science Satellites & their Roles
  • ACRIMSAT: Studies sun’s energy output to determine its role in global change (1999)
  • AIRS: Measures air temp, humidity, clouds, and surface temps
  • AQUARIUS: will measure global maps of ocean salt concentration (heat transfer and storage in ocean) (2010)
  • ASTER: Creates high-res global, regional, and local images of Earth
  • CLOUDSAT: Radar system- monitors atmosphere and weather, including rain, snowfall, and cloud moisture content (2006)
  • GRACE: measures gravitational field on Earth (2002)
  • MLS: improve ozone understanding—and how chlorine (CFC’s) deplete it
  • OCO: using spectroscopy, CO2 measured and rate of change into atmosphere (2008)
  • OSTM: monitors height of ocean water to better understand weather patterns and mean sea level rise (2008)
  • QUIKSCAT: measures wind speeds using microwaves (1997)
  • TEM: infrared sensor designed to study troposphere and ozone
resources
Resources
  • Official Listings on the National Science Olympiad website
    • Discovery.com Remote Sensing Lesson
    • Geogratis / NASA Remote Sensing Tutorial
    • Obtaining Radar Images EROS Image Gallery (NASA JPL)
    • Remote Sensing Glossary (Columbia Univ.)
    • Remote sensing of the Cryosphere (NJ Science Olympiad 2006 / Montclair State Univ)
    • Satellite Imagery for the Classroom (Gulf of Maine Aquarium)
    • The Online Guides - Remote Sensing (Univ Of Illinois)
    • TRIFC Archives (NASA JPL Imaging RADAR)
    • Up Close From Afar: Using Remote Sensing to Teach the American Landscape [book] (National Council For Geographic Education)
    • Using Satellite Imagery to Study the Polar Regions (NASA JPL Satellite RADAR)
    • USGS Earthshots: Satellite Images of Environmental Change moved to: earthshots.usgs.gov (examples of specific conditions)
    • USGS Remote Sensing Website for Students (aimed at grades 4-8)
    • USGS TerraWeb USGS Flagstaff Field Center
    • Virtually Hawaii (Dr. Mouginis-Mark's public site; small tutorial with examples)
    • Wright Center for Science  Education at Tufts University (no new remote material yet; a link to the Michigan / National Event Director's site)

I recommend

resources continued
Resources (continued)
  • Remote Sensing / Technology
    • Government
      • rst.gsfc.nasa.gov NASA's superb Remote tutorial (*Section 16: global warming)
      • ccrs.nrcan.gc.ca/resource/index_e.php#tutor Canada Centre for Remote Sensing's tutorial
  • Climate Change / Human Impact
    • Government
      • www.epa.gov/climatechange
      • www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/globalwarming.html
      • www.esa.int/esaCP/Protecting.html
    • Non-profit organizations / Conservationists
      • www.ucsusa.org/global_warming Union of Concerned Scientists
      • www.nrdc.org/globalWarming National Resources Defense Council
      • www.sierraclub.org/energy Sierra Club

Many more… Watch for .gov, .edu, .org and recent material

careers
Careers
  • Government
    • NASA
    • Agriculture, EPA, Interior (BLM, USGS)
    • Defense, Homeland Security
  • Industry
    • Resource Exploration / Management
    • Security
    • Information Technology
  • Academics
  • Sources to explore:

www.asprs.org/career American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing

www.ucgis.org University Consortium for Geographic Science

www.gisjobs.com GISJobs.com

top gis universities
Top GIS Universities

* and any other Ivy League school

  • Cornell*
  • California / Berkeley, Davis, Santa Barbara
  • MIT
  • Cal-Tech
  • Arizona State
  • Wisconsin (2011 Nationals)
  • Penn State (Forestry/Agriculture)
  • Illinois (2010 Nationals)
  • Indiana
  • Texas / Austin

and many others (though often with special focus)

on the clinic website for remote sensing
On the Clinic Website for Remote Sensing
  • Practice Tests (2009 Piqua/Cinc/Marietta Regionals, Ohio State)
  • GIS tutorials (3)
  • Remote Sensing tutorial (CSA)
  • Spectrum charts
  • Remote Sensing glossary
  • Sample Papers (biodiversity, carbon cycle, Ohio EPA study)
  • NASA fact sheets (TERRA, AQUA, GLORY)
  • …and this set of slides