Egyptian architecture World History Mrs. Sanchez 11/13/13
Egyptian architecture • Standard H-SS 6.2.5 • I will be able to describe the importance of Egyptian architecture when taking Cornell notes. • I will know and use the words architecture and pyramids.
Architecture • The art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. • There is architecture everywhere!
Architecture in Los Angeles, California Buildings in downtown City Hall Dodgers stadium Homes
Egyptian architecture Temples for their gods • Most important types of building were temples for their gods and tombs for their pharaohs.
Ancient Egyptian Obelisks • Obelisks were important in the architecture of the ancient Egyptians/ They were placed, in pairs, at the entrance of temples. • A number of ancient Egyptian obelisks are known to have survived, • These obelisks are now dispersed around the world, and fewer than half of them remain in Egypt. • The obelisk symbolized the sun god Ra, and the Egyptians believedthat the god existed within the structure.
Tombs for pharaohs • The first type of tombs were called Mastaba tombs.
Pyramids • Step pyramids were then designed as tombs for pharaohs. • They believed that they would be a stairway to the gods.
Think-Pair-Share • Why would pharaohs choose pyramids over Mustaba tombs?
Pyramids- A lasting achievement • The pyramids of Giza- Built by and for King Khufu, his son Khafre, and his grandson Menkaure. The tallest pyramid is the Great pyramid for Khufu. • The great sphinx guards the road to Khafre’s pyramid.
Achievements of Ancient Egypt • Standard H-SS 6.2.5 and 6.2.9 • C.O. I will be able to describe the important achievements of the Egyptian civilization after completing my Cornell notes. • L.O.: I will know and use the words hieroglyphs, sculptures, anatomy, and papyrus when discussing with my peers.
Essential question • What are the important contributions that the Egyptians made?
Statute of Amon-Re or Ra The Sun god Abu Simbel Ramses the Great had this temple built
Ready for a challenge?! • Independently and quietly… • Write down as many vocabulary words you can think of, do not shout out any words.
Think - Pair - Share • Share your vocabulary words with your partner. • What can you say about the painting using your vocabulary words?
The Egyptians made progress in what they knew. Advances in knowledge
Think - Pair - Share How is our calendar similar?
Lets be scribes! Directions: You are to make a cartouche (car-toosh) using hieroglyphs. You will write your first name OR last name. You can choose to write it vertically (north/south) or horizontally (east/west) Please be neat!
You will write your first name OR last name. You can choose to write it vertically (north/south) or horizontally (east/west)