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Lungs PowerPoint Presentation

Lungs

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Lungs

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  1. Lungs Dr. Hassan Shaibah

  2. Lungs • lie in the thorax. • Sits on the diaphragm

  3. Apex projected upwards in the neck. • Conical shape base sits on the diaphragm.

  4. concave base

  5. Lungs • has 2 surfaces medial or mediastinal(concave) lateral or costal (convex).

  6. posterior (rounded) • has 3borders anterior & inferior (sharp)

  7. Difference between the lungs

  8. Right lung • Shorter. • Wider. • 3 lobes • (upper, middle and lower). • 2 fissures • oblique,horizontal. • Left lung • Longer • Narrower. • 2 lobes • (upper and lower). • 1 fissure Oblique.

  9. Difference between the lungs upper upper middle lower lower

  10. Difference between the lungs • horizontal. Oblique fissure

  11. Mediastinal surface of the right lung

  12. Mediastinal surface of the left lung

  13. Root (hilum) of the right lung 1- bronchi 2- pulmonary artery (in front of the bronchus) 3- superior pulmonar vein (most anterior) 4- inferior pulmonary vein (most inferior) 1 2 3 4

  14. Root (hilum) of the left lung 1- bronchus (most posterior) 2- pulmonary artery (most superior) 3- superior pulmonar vein (most anterior) 4- inferior pulmonary vein (most inferior) 2 1 4 3

  15. Nerve supply of the lungs • By the pulmonary plexus in the root of each lung. • The plexus has sympathetic (sympathetic trunk) and parasympathetic (vagus) nerves.

  16. Blood supply of the lungs

  17. Bronchpulmonary segments • Each lobar bronchus gives smaller branches. Each branch with a lung unit form a broncho-pulmonary segment. • Each segment has its own nerve, blood and lymph.

  18. Bronchpulmonary segments

  19. Bronchpulmonary segments • Inside each segment, the branches divide into smaller bronchioles ending in air sacs where gas exchange occurs. • A diseased segment can be removed surgically leaving the remaining lung tissue.

  20. Bronchpulmonary segments • Right lung • Left lung