Karin Creutz-KämppiSOCIAL BOUNDARIES IN A SUPRANATIONAL CONTEXT: COLLECTIVE POSITIONING AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF EUROPEANNESS IN MEDIA DISCOURSES ON ISLAMKEY CONCEPTS: Sociology of knowledge, nationalisms, Europeanization, Islam, globalization, social boundaries, subject positions, group consciousness, media, rhetorical analysis
- The struggle over regional identity: “different struggles over classifications, struggles over the monopoly over power to make people see and believe, to get them to know and recognize, to impose the legitimate definition of the divisions of the social world and, thereby, to make and unmake groups” (Bourdieu 1991, 221).
- A collective gets its distinct form and substance when it is mirrored against the idea of an outer collective (Schütz & Luckmann 1973).
- The focus of my study is on the positions for collective identification –on the groupness constructed and reinforced in a dichotomic relationship with the notion of Islam.
- As collectivity on a global level is distant to the everyday-life of the individual, withoutattachment to daily practices, it is from a sociological viewpoint interesting to look at how theseconceptions of belonging are rhetorically constructed and legitimized as positions for identification.
- This assessment simultaneously shows articulations of the discursive power specific institutionalizedknowledge forms possess.
- As unnoticed parts of our daily lives media representations possess a specifically powerful role asreality-constructing and reality-establishing systems; they appear in a naturalized form as taken for granted knowledge, and hence pass without being in the center of our attention (Alasuutari 1996).
- Aim:to identify the forms of belonging and the meaning production related to the concepts representing this collectivity by analyzing media texts that cover Islam from a global perspective.
- My key research question is: who represent the We-collective when Islam is presentedas the Other?
- How is groupness articulated and what are the specific concepts identified with?
- How are national and supranational positions negotiated?
- How are the different subject positions rhetorically signified?
- How are these concepts legitimized?
- The topic is approached through comparative case-studies of three countries, by analyzing newspaper discussions in Finland, Turkey and the UK.
- Research Data: Samples from HelsinginSanomat (Finland), The Times (UK) & Hurriyet (Hungary) 2001-2011.
- Method:Rhetorical analysis (Chaïm Perelman & Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca 1971).
- Focus on argumentation in common language – how we argue on the basis of values, how these are legitimized and how agreement is reached through argumentation.
The first case study:
The Domestication of Global News: National Coverage of the 2011 Uprising in Egypt
Department of Social Research (Sociology)/
CEREN, Swedish School of Social Science