Virtue ethics. PHI 2630. The “Big T hree”. Normative Ethical Theories. Ethics of Right Action (what to do ). Ethics of Character (how to be ). Results-Focused. Rule/Duty-Focused. Character-Focused. Rule Consequentialism. Kantian Deontology. Virtue Ethics. Act Consequentialism.
The “Big Three”
Normative Ethical Theories
Ethics of Right Action (what to do)
Ethics of Character (how to be)
An act is morally right just because it is one that a virtuous person, acting in character, would do in that situation.
Is there something else that determines who is a virtuous person, other than the fact that he or she consistently performs right actions?
What’s a good widget like?
What makes some thing good depends on what sort of thing it is.
So, in order to determine what it means to be a good human being, we need some understanding of human nature.
Humans are rational, empathetic, social, curious, cooperative, etc.
A virtuous person exercises rationality well, is bothered when others suffer, cooperates socially with other humans, is an avid reader, etc.
Once we have a rich picture of the virtuous person, we are better equipped to figure out what he or she would do in a given situation.
Accurate reflection of human moral experience?
Action-focused ethics misses much of our moral experience.
3. Natural inclination to act well
4. Practical Wisdom