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Final Jeopardy. Phylogeny. Final Jeopardy. What are Bacteria, Archaea and Eucarya. The three main categories on the phylogenetic tree of life. $200. What is Supernaturalism?. This idea holds that “God” created Life. $400. What is Vitalism?.

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final jeopardy1
Final Jeopardy

What are Bacteria, Archaea and Eucarya

The three main categories on the phylogenetic tree of life

slide7
$200

What is Supernaturalism?

This idea holds that “God” created Life

slide8
$400

What is Vitalism?

The theory that life is the result of a force like gravity

slide9
$600

What is the theory of Panspermia?

The theory that life is introduced to the Earth by meteorite impacts

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$800

What is the heterotroph Hypothesis or primordial soup theory?

The theory that life arises from the build up of organic compounds in the ocean

slide11
$1000

Who was A. I. Oparin or J. B. S. Haldane?

Proposed the heterotroph hypothesis

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$200

What is the simplest definition of evolution?

Change

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$400

What is a change in gene frequencies in a population over time?

The modern definition of evolution

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$600

What is Darwin’s definition of evolution?

Descent with modifications

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$800

What is a fact of evolution?

Animals alive today that were not in the past

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$1000

What is Macroevolution?

Microevolutionary change that builds up over time

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$200

What is the length of time life has been evolving on Earth?

3.5 billion years

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$400

What was the first form of life on Earth?

Bacteria-like organisms

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$600

What is process of photosynthesis?

This increases the rate of evolution by releasing oxygen into the atmosphere

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When did dinosaurs go extinct?

65 million years ago

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What is life moving out onto land?

This event sped up the rate of evolution even after the evolution of sex

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$200

What are trilobites?

Very old arthropods, extinct and related to insects and crabs

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$400

What are Ammonites?

Related to squids and considered to be the fish of the oceans before fish

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$600

What is the Cretaceous?

Time period most associated with dinosaurs

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$800

What is stasis?

Fossils don’t actually tell us about change they really illustrate this idea

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What is amber?

Compressed fossilized tree sap that often contains insects

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$200

When did modern humans arise?

200,000 years ago

slide28
$400

What is binocular vision?

Trait inherited from our tree dwelling ancestors that allows us to see in three dimensions

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$600

What were Neanderthals?

This member of the Genus Homo lived at the same time as us but died out about 25,000 years ago

slide30
$800

What is “LUCY”?

The most famous Australopithecine

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$1000

What is Homo antecessor?

Our most recent ancestor of the following: Homo habilis, Homo neanderthalensis, Paranthropus robustus, Homo antecessor

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$200

What is extinction?

Common in evolutionary history and always associated with environmental change

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$400

What is artificial selection?

An example of this is the multitude of dog breeds

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$600

What is the Precambrian?

The oldest geologic time period

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What are the characteristics of a good theory?

Broad, testable, well supported and useful

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What is contingency?

The idea that events in the past effect events in the future

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$400

What is the “Origin of Species”?

Published in 1859

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What are the years of Darwin’s voyage on the Beagle?

1831-1835

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$1200

What is natural selection?

According to Darwin this is the mechanism by which organisms evolve

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$1600

What are the Galapagos islands?

Darwin visited these now famous islands near Ecuador in 1832

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$2000

What is gradualism?

Darwin’s idea concerning the speed at which evolution happens

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$400

Who is Charles Lyell?

He helped Darwin by describing the Earth as a very old place

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$800

Who was Thomas Malthus?

He helped Darwin by describing a struggle for existence resulting from over-population

slide44
$1200

What is artificial selection?

Examples of this phenomenon include animal and plant breeding

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What is the theory of evolution by natural selection

Characteristics of this theory include: over-production of offspring and variation in offspring

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What is variation?

The most important characteristic of organisms Darwin made on his trip on the Beagle

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$400

Who was Aristotle?

The scientist that developed the idea of the “Great Chain of Being”

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$800

Who was Jean Baptiste Lamarck?

A scientist that thought organisms evolved because they saw the “need “ to do so

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Who were Niles Eldridge and Stephen Gould?

Scientists that developed the theory of evolution by punctuated equilibrium

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$1600

Who were Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase?

They developed the theory that all life has DNA as its genetic material

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Who was Anaximander?

He claimed back in about 600BC that life originally came from the sea

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What are fossils?

Dead and most commonly preserved in stone

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$800

What are homologous structures

Bird wing, human arm,

whale fin

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$1200

What is biochemical evidence

All life forms have DNA and make proteins

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$1600

What is embryology

The zygotes of fish and reptiles and mammals resemble eachother

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$2000

What is microevolution?

Small scale changes that happen in organisms over a relatively short period of time

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$400

What is a virus?

This may be the origin of the eukaryotic nucleus

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$800

What is the jaw?

This may have developed as a result of fish trying to improve their ability to breathe

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Who was Fitzroy

The captain of the

H. M. S. Beagle

slide60
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Pikaia

The earliest known member of the Chordata phylum

slide61
$2000

Gunter Wachtershauser

He developed the “Open Faced Sandwich” theory

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$400

Who is Bill Nye?

The “science guy”

slide63
$800

Hat is the “Planet of the Apes”

A movie containing a scene of a destroyed statue of liberty

slide64
$1200

What are planetesimals?

Structures that are thought to have formed the planets

slide65
$1600

What are meteorite collisions with the Earth?

These may have caused many extinctions including that of the dinosaurs

slide66
$2000

Who is David Attenborough?

The host of the

“Life on Earth”

series

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