British holidays and festivals Работа Мидуковой Ольги Павловны, учителя английского языка МОУ «СОШ №6» г. Шумерля
Many festivals and holidays in Britain are centuries old. Every town and village has its own traditions. My work contains the most important and popular events in Britain .
The calendar of the British holidays • January - New Year’s Day ( Bank holiday/Public holiday) • 14 February - Valentine’s Day • 1 March - St David's Day (Wales National Day) • 17 March - St. Patrick's Day (Ireland's Special Day) • March/April - Easter • 1 April - April Fool's Day • 23 April - St George's Day (England's National Day) • 1 May - Morris dancing Day, Maypole dancing • August - (Bank holiday/Public holiday) - Nothing Hill Carnival • September - Harvest Festival • 31 October - Halloween • November – 5 - Bonfire Night, 11 - Remembrance Day, 30 St Andrew's Day (Scotland's National Day) • December – Advent, Christmas (Bank holiday)
New Year’s Day People welcome in the New Year on the night before. This is called New Year's Eve. In Scotland, people celebrate with a lively festival called Hogmanay. All over Britain there are parties, fireworks, singing and dancing, to ring out the old year and ring in the new. As the clock - Big Ben - strikes midnight, people link arms and sing a song called Auld Lang Sync.
St Valentine’s Day • Did you know that, according to legend, Valentine's Day was started to Saint Valentine, a Roman saint who was executed on February 14th, 270 A.D.? St. Valentine was killed for secretly marrying couples in defiance of an order of the Roman emperor. • February 14th is Valentines Day - a worldwide celebration of love and romance, marked by giving red roses and chocolate hearts or by sending valentines.
St. David’s Day • St David's Day is celebrated in Wales on 1 March, in honour of St David (Dewy Saint), the patron saint of Wales. He was a Celtic monk, abbot and bishop, who lived in the sixth century. He spread the word of Christianity across Wales • St David's Day is commemorated by the wearing of daffodils or leeks. Both plants are traditionally regarded as national emblems.
St. Patrick’s Day • 17 March, St. Patrick's Day, is the national day of Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland. • The day is marked by the wearing of shamrocks (a clover-like plant), the national emblem of both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
St. George’ Day 23 April, St. George’s Day, is the national day of England. On the Sunday nearest to 23 April, scouts and guides throughout England parade through high streets and attend a special St George's Day service at their local church.
April Fools Day • 1 st April is known as April Fools Day in England. It is the day when they play pratical jokes on people but only before midday, after that it is considered unlucky.
Easter is the time of springtime festivals, a time to welcome back the Tulips, the Crocuses and the Daffodils. Its a time of new suits, new dresses and patent leather shoes. A time for Christians to celebrate the life, death and resurrection of Christ. And a time of chocolate bunnies, marshmallow chicks, and colored eggs!
Harvest Festival September. This is the time of year when all the crops have been harvested. Harvest Festival is a celebration of the food grown on the land.
On October 31st, we celebrate Halloween, thought to be the one night of the year when ghosts, witches, and fairies are especially active.
Bonfire Night - 5th November On 5 November every year, children in Britain get excited because it is Bonfire Night (Guy Fawkes' Night). They lit bonfires and enjoy fireworks displays. On top of the fire is a guy (a homemade model of a man, like a scarecrow).
Remembrance Day in Britain Remembrance Day is on11 November. It is a special day set aside to remember all those men and women who were killed during the two World Wars and other conflicts. At one time the day was known as Armistice Day and was renamed Remembrance Day.
Christmas is a time for parties, presents , traditional customs and eating. Christmas Eve is the time when the Christmas tree is usually decorated. The decorations stay on the tree for twelve days (until January 5th, also known as Twelfth Night ). Children write letters to Santa Claus / Father Christmas and ask him to bring presents. Children leave stockings by the fireplace or at the end of their beds so Santa Claus / Father Christmas can fill them with presents.
Информационные ресурсы Интернет ресурсы: http://www.britain4russians.net –Архив публикаций. http://languageproject.co.uk –Британский совет http://www.woodlands-junior.ru –British life and culture Голицынский Ю. Великобритания – Санкт Петербург. Каро,2004