Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
The Basics of Oncology Roswell Park Cancer Institute Grades 9-12
Roswell Park at a Glance • Founded in 1898 by Dr. Roswell Park • First and one of the largest cancer research, treatment & education centers • Founded PDT, Gamma Knife, PSA Test
Roswell Park’s Mission • Dedicated to providing total care to cancer patient • Conduct research into causes of cancer • Treatment & prevention of cancer • Educate public & those who study and treat cancer
What is Cancer? • Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control • Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States • Today, millions of people are living with cancer or have had cancer The Basics of Oncology
How does Cancer occur? • Cancer starts with changes in one cell or a small group of cells • Cancer cells begin to reproduce uncontrollably • Cancer is also hereditary • Old Age • Lifestyle • Genetics – BRCA “Breast & Ovarian Cancer” APC “Colon Cancer” The Basics of Oncology
Lung Breast Head & Neck Colon Prostate Skin Stomach Bone Leukemia Hodgkin Lymphoma Brain Tumor Different Types of Cancer
Why does Cancer make a person sick? • Cancer is an aggressive disease that can cause a person to be extremely tired and nauseous from aggressive treatments, and can cause depression in some people.
Cancer Screening • Screening is when tests and exams are used to find this type of disease in people who are not showing any signs of symptoms • It can also helps doctors find and treat cancers early
Types of Cancer Screening • Mammography • Skin Checks • PET Scans • Chest X-Rays • Biopsies of unusual lumps or bumps
Treatments of Cancer • Based on how far the cancer has progressed & its location in the body it responds differently to treatment. A cancer specialist called an Oncologist will provide the patient with the best treatment plan based on the form of cancer and how aggressive the cancer may be.
Standard Treatments for Cancer • Surgery • Done to remove tumors or cancerous tissues • Chemotherapy • A pill or IV given to eliminate the cancer cells. However, this affects a patient’s entire body and can make a patient have hair loss or an upset stomach • Many Cancers can be controlled by Chemotherapy
Standard Treatments for Cancer • Radiation Therapy • Certain types of energy used to shrink tumors or eliminate cancer cells. It damages cancer’s DNA making it unable to multiply.
Cancer Survivors • In the 1970’s, 1 out of 2 people (50%) diagnosed with Cancer survived at least 5 years • Today, more than 2 out of 3 (67%) of people survive and are living with Cancer • Currently there are more than 11 Million Cancer Survivors in the US The Basics of Cancer
Started in 2007 to help young people aged 12-26 understand cancer Learning, Giving and Coping www.Yroswell.com Check out Yroswell’s Facebook and Twitter pages YroswellFor a World Without Cancer
The End Roswell Park Cancer Institute