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The Basics of Oncology
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  1. The Basics of Oncology Roswell Park Cancer Institute Grades 9-12

  2. Roswell Park at a Glance • Founded in 1898 by Dr. Roswell Park • First and one of the largest cancer research, treatment & education centers • Founded PDT, Gamma Knife, PSA Test

  3. Roswell Park’s Mission • Dedicated to providing total care to cancer patient • Conduct research into causes of cancer • Treatment & prevention of cancer • Educate public & those who study and treat cancer

  4. What is Cancer? • Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control • Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States • Today, millions of people are living with cancer or have had cancer The Basics of Oncology

  5. How does Cancer occur? • Cancer starts with changes in one cell or a small group of cells • Cancer cells begin to reproduce uncontrollably • Cancer is also hereditary • Old Age • Lifestyle • Genetics – BRCA “Breast & Ovarian Cancer” APC “Colon Cancer” The Basics of Oncology

  6. Lung Breast Head & Neck Colon Prostate Skin Stomach Bone Leukemia Hodgkin Lymphoma Brain Tumor Different Types of Cancer

  7. Why does Cancer make a person sick? • Cancer is an aggressive disease that can cause a person to be extremely tired and nauseous from aggressive treatments, and can cause depression in some people.

  8. Cancer Screening • Screening is when tests and exams are used to find this type of disease in people who are not showing any signs of symptoms • It can also helps doctors find and treat cancers early

  9. Types of Cancer Screening • Mammography • Skin Checks • PET Scans • Chest X-Rays • Biopsies of unusual lumps or bumps

  10. Treatments of Cancer • Based on how far the cancer has progressed & its location in the body it responds differently to treatment. A cancer specialist called an Oncologist will provide the patient with the best treatment plan based on the form of cancer and how aggressive the cancer may be.

  11. Standard Treatments for Cancer • Surgery • Done to remove tumors or cancerous tissues • Chemotherapy • A pill or IV given to eliminate the cancer cells. However, this affects a patient’s entire body and can make a patient have hair loss or an upset stomach • Many Cancers can be controlled by Chemotherapy

  12. Standard Treatments for Cancer • Radiation Therapy • Certain types of energy used to shrink tumors or eliminate cancer cells. It damages cancer’s DNA making it unable to multiply.

  13. Cancer Survivors • In the 1970’s, 1 out of 2 people (50%) diagnosed with Cancer survived at least 5 years • Today, more than 2 out of 3 (67%) of people survive and are living with Cancer • Currently there are more than 11 Million Cancer Survivors in the US The Basics of Cancer

  14. Started in 2007 to help young people aged 12-26 understand cancer Learning, Giving and Coping www.Yroswell.com Check out Yroswell’s Facebook and Twitter pages YroswellFor a World Without Cancer

  15. The End Roswell Park Cancer Institute