TEACHING READING. ENGLISH METHODOLOGY II PROF: R. Correa I Semester 2008. INTERACTIVE SOCIOGOGNITIVE PROCESS. TEXT READER SOCIALCONTEXT. From the parts to the whole. Overall construction of meaning from connected or whole texts.
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ENGLISH METHODOLOGY II
PROF: R. Correa
I Semester 2008
Top-downFrom the parts to the whole/Overall constrution of meaning
Reading is considered a linear process by which readers decode a text word by word, linking the words into phrases and then sentences. ( Gray and Rogers 1956)
Textual comprehension involves the adding the meaning of words to get the meaning of clauses.
Most activities are based on recognition and recall of lexical and grammatical forms
It describes how the the background knowledge of the learner interacts with the reading task and illustrates how a student’s knowledge and previous experience with the world is crucial to deciphering a text.
Content and formal schemata
CS and FS enable students to predict events and meaning as well as to infer meaning from a wider context.
Nunan (1999) “…reading is an interactive process, in which the reader constantly shuttles between bottom-up and top-down processes”( p. 254)
Sipos yu painim sompela Japan i les long pait, yu gifim dispela pas. Sipos i savi wakabut, i kan kam ontaim yupela nau painim soldia bilong yumi. Im i sik tumas, orait, yu brinim tok.
Tok im gut, mipela mokan kilim ol, kalabus dasol,nau salim ol iko long Astralia, na weitim pait i pinis.
WOK BILOG GAVMAN. I GAT PEI
Reader skills and strategies
type of text reading purpose
BEFORE READING: Plan for the reading task
During and After Reading: Monitor comprehension
After Reading: Evaluate comprehension and strategy use
Joseph Brodsky, Russianpoet
Nobel Prize in Literature (1987)