Ancient Greece art and architecture. Art and architecture had a big part in Ancient Greece because we wouldn’t know anything about their religion without art and without architecture we wouldn’t have seen the amazing things that they built.
Stories from Minoan/Mycenaean history to ancient Greek history are of human heroes that ended up getting stretched to make the humans seem more like godly figures
Several different versions of stories to go with these gods were created from the exaggerations
12 main gods were created and stood out above the rest
Myths kept cultures alive during the Dark Ages
Mythology was history to the Greek culture, and it inspired their people deeply
Songs sung during the Dark and Golden Ages were preserved memories of past glories
12 Most Important Gods:
Zeus: the sky god; the major, supreme god; ruled all
Poseidon: the sea god
Hades: god of the underworld
Hestia: virgin goddess of the Hearth
Artemis: virgin goddess of the hunt and chastity
Hera: goddess of marriage
Ares: god of war
Aphrodite: goddess of love, desire, and beauty
Hermes: messenger of Zeus, fastest of the gods
Hephaestus: god of fire and the forge
Apollo: prophecy of music and healing
Athena: virgin goddess of city, handicrafts, and agriculture
They claimed to have relations with the gods and/or heroes or to be related to the gods and/or heroes
Organized tales of Iliad and Odyssey
Example: Homer was a minstrel
Each city-state worshipped a particular god
People made offerings and worshipped their god(s) greatly
Example: Athens Athena
The Parthenon was an Athenian temple honoring warrior goddess, Athena
The Underworld was where the Greeks’ souls went after death; ruled by Zeus’s brother Hades
Greeks prayed at oracles
Persephone was a beautiful earth-living girl. One day, Hades saw her and wanted her, so he kidnapped her to the Underworld. Here, she refused to eat until she was dying of starvation and finally ate pomegranate seeds, which meant she could not go back to Earth. Persephone’s mother, Demeter, was furious and asked Zeus to make a deal with Hades. In the end, Persephone married Hades to become Queen of the Underworld and was able to go to Earth for the warmer half of the year and she stayed in the Underworld during the colder half.
Greeks treated mythology as their religion in the ancient times
Mythology was not only their religion basically, but also their history
Ancient Greeks prayed, worshipped gods, and made offerings to gods frequently
Prayed at places like oracles, souls went to the underworld, and places like the Parthenon were created for the city states’ particular god(dess)
After losing all literacy, mythology kept the people alive during the Dark Ages
Dark Age history continued through the stories and songs ancient Greeks told/sang
An example of a person who kept the cultures alive by telling stories or singing would be Homer, a minstrel
Hunt, Lynn, et al. The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Boston: Bedford/St Martin’s, 2005. Print.
Stapleton, Michael. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Mythology. New York: Bell Publishing Company, 1978. Print.
Schomp, Virginia. Cultures of the Past: The Ancient Greeks. New York: Berchmark Books, 1996. Print.
Graves, Robert. New Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology. London: The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, 1959. Print.
*Houses were decorated with confetti and olives.
*Fathers arranged marriages.
*Getting married and having kids were the two most important things in a girls life.
*Men worked all day; varying from work in the fields to running the government. They also enjoyed sailing and hunting.
*Men attended drinking parties, wrestling matches, and enjoyed horseback riding.
*Women were only allowed outside of the house for special occasions.
*Women had separate rooms in homes.
*Boys went to school at age seven.
*Girls stayed at home and were taught how to be good wives.
*Girls grew up faster than boys because they were married at fifteen.
*Boys and girls played games like the kids in this picture
This particular game is called ephedrismos.
*Typical pets were birds, dogs, goats, tortoises, and mice. Unlike today, cats were NOT popular.
*Kids played with rattles, horses on four wheels pulled
by a string, yo-yos, and
terra cotta dolls.
*Not many windows in homes.
*The God Hermes protected homes.
*Used oil lamps for light.
*Breakfast: small piece of bread dipped in wine.
*Lunch: goat cheese, olives, fish.
*Dinner: fish/eels, vegetables with honey, no wine because they had after dinner drinking parties.
*Desert: salted almonds, figs, cheese and salt.
*Everyone wanted to have blonde hair, attempted to bleach hair to be blonde.
*Women had curled hair in carefully designed styles held together with waxes and lotions. Usually wore braids piled on top of their heads. Also wore headbands made of ribbon or metal.
*Men cut hair short, unless they were soldiers because they wore beards.
*Barber shops first became popular in ancient Greece.
*Men and women wore linen in the summer and wool in the winter.
*Most families made their own clothes that consisted of simple tunics and warm cloaks.
*First hat--called the petasos– was invented by the Greeks.
*Greeks had over 200 types of dances.
*Dances were accompanied by musical instruments like lyres flutes, and a wide variety of percussion.
*Men and women rarely danced together.
*Believed that dance was a way of improving physical and emotional health.
Most would agree that not all people have goats as pets, over 200 types of dances, or certain rooms in households for just one woman. Greeks had complex ways of living but this way of living is an excellent example of how most things we have today came about.