THE NEW DEAL. The Election of 1932. 1932 elections gave Democrats the opportunity to recapture the White House for the first time in 12 years. Franklin Delano Roosevelt emerged the victor of the party’s nomination. ROOSEVELT. Distant relative of former pres Theodore Roosevelt
1932 elections gave Democrats the opportunity to recapture the White House for the first time in 12 years.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt emerged the victor of the party’s nomination.
Distant relative of former pres Theodore Roosevelt
Served as assistant secretary of the navy under Woodrow Wilson
Ran unsuccessfully for vice president in 1920.
From a wealthy family from New York
Stricken with polio
-- nearly killed him and left him without full use of his legs
--Became governor of New York in 1929.
As governor, he had launched a groundbreaking relief program to aid the state’s many victims of the Great Depression.
By 1932, Roosevelt’s program had provided help to 1 out of every 10 New York families.
-- his record stood out in contrast to Hoover and his insistence in limited government action.
Promised relief for poor and PUBLIC WORKS programs – government-funding building projects that would provide jobs.
Also talked about lowering tariffs.
“the only efforts made by national administrations to cope with the distress of unemployment were to deny its existence.”
Franklin D. Roosevelt
ROOSEVELT received more than 57 percent of the popular vote and swept the electoral vote in all but six states.
Democrats gained 90 seats in the House of Representatives and 13 seats in the Senate to take control of both the houses of Congress.
1. Read through FDR’s Inaugural speech.
2. Together, choose a scribe, and write a brief newspaper report describing what the president said and how you think Americans responded to the speech.
This should be approximately one page and in COLLINS II format. Please initial the sentences that you offered.
Cheerful, optimistic, confident.
Possessed warmth and charm that made him an effective communicator.
FIRESIDE CHATS- addresses were meant to sound as though Roosevelt were in the listener’s living room, speaking personally with the family.
Spoke calmly and clearly and in a way that ordinary people could understand.
Conveyed real concern and gave reassurance to millions
Believed that it was the government’s job to take direct action to help its people.
His basic faith in the ability of government to solve economic and social problems and to help people in need ran deep.
Franklin married his distant cousin, Eleanor Roosevelt.
Served as her husband’s “eyes and ears.”
Became a powerful political force
-- campaign to stop lynching of African Americans
--Changed the role of the First Lady.
Wrote her own newspaper column called “My Day.”
-- received 1000s of letters a week
Letters demonstrated the trust and affection
He issued an executive order temporarily closing all of the nation’s banks.
Called Congress into emergency session and pushed through the EBA– Emergency Banking Act.
Gave government officials power to examine each bank, determine its soundness, take steps to correct problems and, if necessary, close it.
To explain this– Roosevelt gave the first of his FIRESIDE CHATS.
Within days, banks began to reopen with government assurances that they were on solid footing.
Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 or the Federal Deposit Insurance Coroporation
Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
-- Provided government insurance for depositiors’ savings.
Individual depositors took the money they had stuffed in homes and returned to the banking system.