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Kiwi fruit Actinidiaceae Actinidia deliciosa. Jessica Rosin Ethnobotany Presentation 4/3/13. History of cultivation. First appeared in Northern China, in the Yangtze River valley. Introduced to the western world in the beginning of the 20th century

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kiwi fruit actinidiaceae actinidia deliciosa

Kiwi fruitActinidiaceaeActinidiadeliciosa

Jessica Rosin

Ethnobotany Presentation

4/3/13

history of cultivation
History of cultivation
  • First appeared in Northern China, in the Yangtze River valley.
  • Introduced to the western world in the beginning of the 20th century
  • Missionaries from China brought them to New Zealand
  • 1952 Kiwifruits were exported to New England
  • 1958 the first kiwifruits were exported to California
  • 1970 the first crop of kiwifruits were successfully harvested in California
major producers
Major Producers

The top four producers in 2000 were Italy (355,000 tons), New Zealand (229,068 tons), Chile (155,000

tons) and France (76,900). Other key producers include Greece, Spain and the United States.

features of cultivation
Features of Cultivation
  • Vigorous Plant, should be planted 3-4m apart
  • Produce fruit 3-4 years after planting
  • Sunny position
  • Grow best in fertile, well drained, slightly acidic soil rich in organic matter.
botanical description
Botanical Description

PLANT

  • Trunk 8in in diameter of a mature plantings
  • Two Types of shoots: Terminating/Non Terminating

FLOWER

  • 1-2 inch diameter
  • Whorl of many stamens surrounds the ovary
  • dioecious or unisexual

FRUIT

  • Fibrous Dull brown-green skin
  • Green Flesh with tiny black edible seeds.
  • Green Flesh = due to chlorophyll, does not degrade during ripening!
plant uses
Plant uses
  • Culinary
  • Wine
  • Meat Tenderizer
  • Medicinal
    • New Zealand docs prescribe for asthma and respiratory problems
    • May delay onset of macular degeneration
    • May protect DNA from oxidation (prevent early aging)
nutritional facts
Nutritional Facts
  • There is twice the amount of Vitamin C in a kiwi then in an orange.
  • Kiwi has as much K+ as a banana
fun facts

Kiwi Bird:

found only in

New Zealand. This shy

flightless, semi-nocturnal

bird is rarely visible in its

scrub brush and dark

forest home.

Fun Facts
  • Buy kiwi fruit slightly green and put kiwis in a brown paper bag with an apple to accelerate ripening.
  • The young leaves of the plant can be used in times of famine as they are highly nutritious.
  • The kiwifruit skin is completely edible and makes this nutrient dense fruit even more nutritious!
    • Recent study shows that eating the skin triples the fiber intake compared to merely eating the flesh. And by not peeling the skin, you preserve much of the Vitamin C content as well.
sources
Sources
  • http://blog.lib.umn.edu/michaels/thursaft/2009/09/botanical-fruit.html#comments
  • http://www.fruit-crops.com/kiwifruit-actinidia-deliciosa-a-chev/
  • http://kiwi-fruit.info/kiwi-fruit/History+of+Kiwi+Fruit
  • http://www.fas.usda.gov/htp/Hort_Circular/2002/02-03/Stats/Internet/KIWI_FEA.pdf
  • http://apps.rhs.org.uk/advicesearch/profile.aspx?pid=600
  • http://www.ehow.com/info_8189946_uses-kiwi-fruit.html
  • http://www.aitc.ca/bc/uploads/sfvnp/2010%20Jan%20ProdInfo%20KIWI.pdf