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Punctuation Jumble Andres Marquez Malaysia Avery Jennifer Olivares Pete Moua
Why is Punctuation Important? Imagine if you could talk to others but couldn't use hand gestures, facial expressions, or even a raised eyebrow. Half your meaning would disappear. Those simple looking punctuation marks are just as important when it comes to communicating and providing shades of meaning and even rhythm to your writing.
Punctuation All punctuation marks have a purpose. Dashes -- (Parenthesis) “Quotation Mark” Hyphen - Interrobang?!?! [Brackets] Apostrophes’ …Ellipsis
Dash -- A dash is sometimes used to set off concluding lists and Explanations in a more informal and abrupt manner than the colon.
When to use Dashes The en dash - It is used for periods of time when you might otherwise use to. Ex: The years 2001–2003 January–June The emdash — em dashes may replace commas, semicolons, colons, and parentheses to indicate added emphasis, an interruption, or an abrupt change of thought. Ex: You are the friend—the only friend—who offered to help me. The soup—with vegetables and other spices—was delicious.
Parentheses ( ) Parentheses are used to enclose words or figures that clarify or are used as an aside.
When to use Parentheses The purpose of parentheses is to include material that you want to de-emphasize or that wouldn't normally fit into the flow of your text but you want to include nonetheless. When to use it- enclose information that is not vital to a sentence. Example: She is going with Andres(the handsome one) to the party. Parentheses can also be used to cite. Example: "My very photogenic mother died in a freak accident (picnic, lightning) when I was three." (Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita, 1955)
“Quotation Marks” A group of words taken from a text or speech and repeated by someone other than the original author or speaker.
When to use Quotation Marks Purpose: To show dialog or to cite another author’s or speaker’s speech. How to avoid/address quotations: You can avoid making errors by putting periods, commas, and question marks inside the quotations. No quotation marks for quoted lines that are more than three lines. Citing information. When asking a question inside quotation marks, the question mark should be inside. Example: She asked, “Why didn’t I stop?” Compared to: Do you agree with the saying “Friends come and go”? Use single quotations marks for quotes within quotes Example: Jennsaid, “He said, ‘do not be late.’”
Hyphens - The sign (-) used to join words to indicate that they have a combined meaning or that they are linked in the grammar of a sentence.
When to use Hyphens •How to avoid/address hyphens: You can avoid making hyphen errors by simply checking the dictionary for the words being combined. Generally, hyphenate two or more adjectives when they come before a noun and act as a single idea. Verbs are always separate words. Example: He will eventually break dance. Nouns and adjective: two words combined into one. Example: The required dance is called breakdance. Compounds that are not found in the dictionary are always hyphenated. Example: air-condition and downsize Prefixes are hyphenated: before proper nouns, when the root begins with the same letter, when the prefix is self or ex. Examples: ex-girlfriend, un-American, re-exert, self-aware
Brackets[ ] Brackets are tall punctuation marks used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text.
When to use Brackets. Brackets are used mainly for clarification within quoted material. For Example: Malaysia states, “it is the only state in the U.S. where coffee is grown commercially” (12). You can change it too, “[Hawaii] is the only state in the U.S. where coffee is grown commercially”(12). When referring to someone's statement “I love to party”, one could write: He “love[s] to party”.
Interrobangs ?! A punctuation mark ‽ designed for use especially at the end of an exclamatory rhetorical question
When to use Interrobangs. You use an interrobang to show exasperation, or befuddlement. It accompanies rhetorical questions driving by frustration. You’re not really asking a question, but you wish there was an answer. For Example : “They promoted HIM?!?”
Apostrophes A punctuation used to indicate either possession or the omission.
When to use Apostrophes Purpose: 1) is to indicate possession of something 2) indicate missing letters in words don't (do not) or haven't (have not) Examples: 1) The (boys') football field is as big as an airport- you used an apostrophe after the “s” on the word boys because you are talking about a group of boys. 2) This (boy's) room is full of confetti and paint.- you used an apostrophe before the “s” on the word boys because you are talking about one boy. 3) It's the best song in the whole entire world- shows a missing letter. It is.
Ellipsis… One of three equally spaced points ( . . . ) used in writing or printing to indicate the omission of words in a quotation.
When to use Ellipsis Purpose: you omit words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs in a quotation because they are irrelevant and they do not change the meaning of the original quotation Examples: you can use an Ellipsis when indicating a list of things. 1) A wonderful building for all to see, you can look at any place in New York with this view, many tourist come around to see it...its the empire state building!
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