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Healthcare Associated Infections: What’s On the Horizon. Objectives. By the end of today’s presentation, participants will be able to Define Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) and identify 5 broad classifications of HAIs Discuss the financial burden of HAIs

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Presentation Transcript
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Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

healthcare associated infections what s on the horizon
Healthcare Associated Infections: What’s On the Horizon

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

objectives
Objectives
  • By the end of today’s presentation, participants will be able to
    • Define Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) and identify 5 broad classifications of HAIs
    • Discuss the financial burden of HAIs
    • Describe key legislative, regulatory and reimbursement issues as they relate to HAIs

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

healthcare associated infections hais
Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs)
  • Definition: Largely preventable infections that are directly resultant from the delivery of clinical care, that were not present or incubating upon entry into a healthcare setting
  • Settings: Hospitals (Intensive Care Units, Special Care Units, other hospital settings), long-term care facilities (LTCFs), outpatient facilities such as ambulatory surgical clinics (ASCs), dialysis centers

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

hais broad classifications
HAIs: Broad Classifications
  • Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI)
  • Surgical site infections (SSI)
  • Post-procedure pneumonia (PPP)
  • Central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI)
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)
  • Multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO)
  • Clostridium difficile infections (CDI)

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

annual burden of hais
Annual Burden of HAIs
  • 1.7 million infections in hospitals
    • Most (1.3 million) were outside of ICUs
    • 9.3 infections per 1,000 patient-days
    • 4.5 per 100 admissions

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

hai costs
HAI Costs
  • Direct Costs
    • Increased LOS
    • Increased acuity of care
    • Increased treatment costs
    • Bed blockage
  • Indirect Costs
    • Lost wages
    • Lost productivity
    • Suffering
    • Travel expenses
    • Litigation / Reputation

Josie King (1999-2001)

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

estimates of preventable infections deaths and costs based on existing published literature
Estimates of preventable infections, deaths, and costs based on existing published literature

Source: Umschied, C. University of Pennsylvania. Presentation at HICPAC, March 2009

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

the good news
The Good News
  • HAI Prevention
    • Implementing what we know for prevention can lead to up to a 70% or more reduction in HAIs

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

cms reimbursement
CMS Reimbursement
  • Deficit Reduction Act (2005)
    • No increased Medicare payments for selected complicating conditions not present at admission
      • CAUTI
      • CLABSI
      • SSI (cardiac, orthopedic)
    • Implemented in 2008
  • Impact?

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

national policy issue 2009
National Policy Issue 2009

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

gao report key recommendations
GAO Report: Key Recommendations
  • Improve central coordination of HHS-supported prevention and surveillance strategies
  • Identify priorities among CDC guidelines to:
    • Promote implementation of high priority practices
    • Consider inclusion into CMS Conditions of Participation and Conditions for Coverage
  • Establish greater consistency and compatibility of the HAI-related data across HHS systems to:
    • Increase reliable national estimates of HAIs

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

hhs tier one priorities
HHS Tier One Priorities

HAI Priority Areas

  • Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections
  • Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections
  • Surgical Site Infections
  • Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
  • MRSA
  • Clostridium difficile

Implementation Focus

  • Hospitals

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

hhs tier two priorities
HHS Tier Two Priorities

HAI Priority Areas

  • Antimicrobial IV Start (process measure)
  • CLABSI
  • SSI
  • Healthcare personnel influenza vaccination*

Implementation Focus

  • End state renal disease
  • Ambulatory surgical centers
  • Acute care facilities*

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

hhs tier three priorities
HHS Tier Three Priorities

HAI Priority Areas

  • To be determined

Implementation Focus

  • Likely Long Term Care and CRITICAL ACCESS HOSPITALS

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

cms ipps final rule clabsi in icu
CMS IPPS Final Rule: CLABSI in ICU
  • Required by CMS FY 2010 IPPS rule
  • Locations include:
    • All adult ICU
    • All pediatric ICU
    • Level II/III neonatal intensive care units and
    • Level III neonatal intensive care units
  • Data collection began January 2011 for FY 2013 Medicare payment
  • First ever de facto mandate

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

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Status of HAI Reporting

2003 State Laws

2011 Federal Requirements*

2011 State Laws

*Reporting of CLABSI in ICUs by 2011 and SSIs by 2012

cms ipps final rule ssi
CMS IPPS Final Rule: SSI
  • Required by CMS FY 2011 IPPS rule
  • CDC and the American College of Surgeons collaborated to develop SSI measure for CMS reporting
  • Prototype measure to include colon surgeries and abdominal hysterectomies
    • Deep incisional and organ/space SSIs in inpatients age 18+
    • Prototype will be followed by more comprehensive set of measures that expand procedures and SSI risk adjustment
    • Reporting requirements for prototype involve no changes to NHSN Patient Safety Protocol for SSIs
    • Measure is currently under review by NQF
  • Data collection to begin January 2012 for FY 2014 Medicare payment – no change

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

fy 2012 acute care hospitals proposed rule
FY 2012 Acute Care Hospitals– Proposed Rule

Acute Care Hospitals

  • Proposed for FY 2014 Medicare payment determination :
    • CAUTI – reported through NHSN
    • CLIP Adherence percentage
  • Proposed for FY 2015 Medicare payment determination:
    • MRSA
    • C.Diff.
    • HCP influenza vaccination
    • All reported through NHSN

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

ltch prospective payment systems proposed rule
LTCH Prospective Payment Systems – Proposed Rule

Long-Term Care Hospitals

  • For the first time, CMS also proposed quality measure reporting for Long-term Care Hospitals for FY 2014 payment determination. Measures include:
    • CAUTI
    • CLABSI
    • Pressure ulcers that are new or have worsened

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

inpatient rehabilitation facilities irf prospective payment systems proposed rule
Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities (IRF) Prospective Payment Systems – Proposed Rule
  • Also for the first time, CMS proposed quality measure reporting for IRFs for FY 2014 payment determination. Measures include:
    • CAUTI
    • Pressure ulcers that are new or have worsened

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

influenza vaccination standard proposed rule
Influenza Vaccination Standard – Proposed Rule
  • Proposed Rule would make offering annual influenza vaccination for hospital inpatients and outpatients a Medicare Condition of Participation (CoP)
    • Final rule expected from CMS around September 1, 2011
    • Implementation for 2011-2012 flu season
  • Implementation of this program on this timeline raises serious concerns about:
    • Supplies
    • Policies/Procedures
    • Safe Injection Practices
    • Who qualifies as an “outpatient”?

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

influenza vaccination standard proposed rule1
Influenza Vaccination Standard – Proposed Rule
  • APIC recommendation: delay implementation so that:
    • Year 1 (2011-2012) flu season – staffing/resource planning
    • Year 2 (2012-2013) flu season – implement for hospital inpatients
    • Year 3 (2013-2014) – incorporate outpatients into program ONLY after detailed evaluation of impact of proposal on outpatient population.

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

healthcare facility hai reporting to cms via nhsn current and proposed requirements draft 8 5 2011
Healthcare Facility HAI Reporting to CMS via NHSN – Current and Proposed RequirementsDRAFT (8/5/2011)
trends in state legislation
Trends in State Legislation
  • Infection Control Requirements in Healthcare Facilities

- FL: Pain management facilities

- TN: Pain management facilities

- NC: adult care homes

- NV: Hospitals and ASCs

  • Mandatory Isolation for Tuberculosis Patients

- ND and SC

  • Compliance with Safe Injection Practices Guidelines

- NC: Adult care home medication aides

- NV: Healthcare professionals, medical laboratories, radiation facilities

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

other enacted bills
Other Enacted Bills
  • Reporting of CLABSIs (redundant with federal requirement), AR
  • Reporting by skilled nursing facilities, NV
  • MRSA and C. diff reporting, ME
  • Expansion of HAI reporting to include infections resulting in death, TX
  • Reporting in format that allows for comparison of medical facilities, NV
  • Authorization for school-based influenza program, MS
  • Influenza vaccinations for healthcare workers, NE

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

questions and discussion
Questions and Discussion

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

for additional information please contact
For additional information, please contact

Kansas Department of Health and Environment

Bureau of Epidemiology and Public Health Informatics

Healthcare Associated Infections Program

1000 SW Jackson St., Suite 210

Topeka, KS 66612-1274

Joseph M. Scaletta, MPH, RN, CIC

(785) 296-1059

jscaletta@kdheks.gov

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"

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www.kdheks.gov

Our vision is 'healthy Kansans living in safe and sustainable environments'.

The state belongs to all of us - "Kansas Don't Spoil It"