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Carl Jung and Psychology. James A. Van Slyke. Carl Jung (1875-1961). Swiss Psychiatrist Father – Protestant Minister Mother – Interested in Spirituality Part of Freud’s original analytic group Later parted ways with Freud over differences

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carl jung and psychology

Carl Jung and Psychology

James A. Van Slyke

carl jung 1875 1961
Carl Jung (1875-1961)
  • Swiss Psychiatrist
    • Father – Protestant Minister
    • Mother – Interested in Spirituality
  • Part of Freud’s original analytic group
    • Later parted ways with Freud over differences
    • Freud did not like Jung’s preoccupation with Religion
    • Caused a psychotic breakdown for Jung
carl jung 1875 19611
Carl Jung (1875-1961)
  • Analysis of dreams, practicing psychoanalytic psychologist
  • Also studied the unconscious, but suggested a different personality structure
  • Strongly influenced by Christianity, but also Eastern religions
    • Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism
    • Interested in integrating opposing forces
    • Yin and Yang
jung s psychology
Jung’s Psychology
  • Ego – Conscious aspect of the person
  • Unconscious
    • Similar to Freud’s
    • Unconscious is primary force in thought and behavior
    • Libido – psychic instinctual energy
      • Not necessarily sexual or aggressive
  • Principle of the opposites
    • Structures of the psyche are antithetical pairs
      • Light vs. Dark
      • Principle of entropy - Psyche seeks out balance
jung s psychology1
Jung’s Psychology
  • Personal Unconscious
    • Each person has an individualized unconscious
    • Suppressed, forgotten memories, traumas, etc.
  • Collective Unconscious
    • Predates individual unconscious
    • Repository of religious, spiritual, and mythological symbols and experiences
    • Universal structure across different cultures
    • Cultural and Religious stories and narratives return to common themes
jung s psychology2
Jung’s Psychology
  • Archetypes
    • Primary structures of the collective unconscious
    • Similar to platonic forms
    • Jung’s description
    • “conceptual matrixes or patterns behind all our religious and mythological concepts, and indeed, our thinking processes in general.”
jung s psychology3
Jung’s Psychology
  • Archetypes
    • “Patterns of instinctual behavior” that are manifested according to the current cultural context, yet “a priori”
    • Can only be partially known and grasped
      • “For now we see only a reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.” 1 Cor 13:11-13
jung s psychology4
Jung’s psychology
  • Archetypes
    • Paired opposites that must be integrated into the personality
      • Anima – feminine part of the self
      • Animus – masculine part of the self
    • Light vs. Dark
      • Shadow – Dark side of the personality
      • Negative aspects of the self must be integrated into the whole
    • Religious symbols and rituals allow us to deal with the unconscious
jung and religion
Jung and Religion
  • Concerned about secularization and scientism (reductionism)
    • Religion is an important aspect of being human (Religious Self)
    • Helps to harmonize conscious and unconscious states
    • Secularization leads to a “rootless” existence
    • Religion is the best avenue to the unconscious
  • Individuation
    • Primary means for spiritual growth
    • Reuniting unconscious material with consciousness to achieve wholeness
jung and religion1
Jung and Religion
  • Religious Symbols
    • Allow us to look at the unconscious
    • Shield us from direct contact
    • Offer new knowledge
    • Compensate for what is missing
    • Empower the transformation
    • Bridge conscious and unconscious to lead toward wholeness
    • Must be experienced rather than understood
jung and religion2
Jung and Religion
  • Mandala
      • Art piece
      • Draws one toward the center
      • Spirituality should draw one toward the center
        • Self and God archetype
    • Religion and psychology cannot be separated; intrinsic to each other
    • Transcendent function of personality
      • Acceptance of shadow and other unconscious material
      • Leads to inner healing
archetypes star wars
Archetypes & Star Wars
  • Characters, Situations and Symbols in stories
    • Hero – Luke Skywalker
      • Reflects youthfulness
      • Usually called to a quest or mission
      • Represents the ego
      • Tries to overcome tensions in the unconscious
    • Wise Old man (Mentor) – Obi Wan and Yoda
      • Teaches the hero the nature of the psyche
      • Helps them toward maturity
joseph campbell
Joseph Campbell
  • The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949)
  • The Masks of God (1969)
    • Myths and stories continually return to common themes
    • Myths (religious or otherwise) ways in which cultures transmit values and mores
    • Religions are the “masks” that reflect the same fundamental transcendent truths
joseph campbell1
Joseph Campbell
  • Monomyth
    • Departure
      • Call to Adventure
      • Refusal
      • Supernatural Aid
    • Initiation
      • The Road of many Trials
      • Temptation
      • Confront the evil inside (Shadow or Father)
      • Reach the goal
    • Return to share what you have learned
archetypes star wars1
Archetypes & Star Wars
  • Symbols
    • The Force
      • Dark Side – The Shadow
      • Luke must overcome and learn to control the shadow
      • Integrate into his own conscious
      • Movement from Denial to Acceptance
    • Religions often have similar structure
      • Struggle with dark side
        • Sin
        • Evil
      • Religious heroes overcome evil with the help of God
jung christianity
Jung & Christianity
  • How do we understand the relationship between, religion, mythology and Christ?
  • Exclusivist – there is no truth outside of the Christian faith
  • Inclusivist
    • C.S. Lewis – Christianity is the only true myth
    • Different religions mirror the transcendent in different ways, but Christ is the closest to God
  • Universalism
    • All religions approximate the transcendent to a different degree