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  1. PSY333: Health Psychology Term Test #2 - Preparation

  2. Term Test #2 - Overview • Part 1 • Multiple Choice (25 questions) • Short Answer (4 questions) • Part 2 • Essay Question (1 question)

  3. Part 1 - Format • Monday April 4 • Start 9:10am • Finish 11:00am • Lectures / Readings since reading week • 50% of test grade

  4. Part 1 - Content • Receiving Health Care • Cancer • Cardiovascular Disease • Living with Chronic Illness (AIDS) • Future Directions (Age, SES, ethnicity, sex) • Body Image • Goal-setting and False Hope

  5. Part 1 - Revision • Greater emphasis on readings

  6. Part 1 - M/C Questions • Receiving Health Care • Cancer • Cardiovascular Disease • Living with Chronic Illness (AIDS) • Future Directions (Age, SES, ethnicity, sex) • Body Image

  7. M/C Practice Questions • Which of the following procedure is not a way to reduce preoperative anxiety in hospitalized children? • Showing film of same age peers going through the procedure • Doctor explaining the procedure in detail and depth • Having a peer sharing the room who had already gone through the procedure • Social support of family members before the procedure

  8. M/C Practice Questions • The goal of dealing with chronic illness is: • To cure the condition • To increase the quality of life and reach a sense of normality • Decrease all physical pain • Non of the above

  9. M/C Practice Questions • Which type of cancer is most common? • lymphomas • carcinomas • Sarcomas • None of the above

  10. M/C Practice Questions • What is the most common death site for women? • breast • lung • cervical • colon

  11. M/C Practice Questions • Mary has been recently diagnosed with cancer. Her family is very worried that she will not get the treatment she needs b/c she does not want to go to the doctor. Mary is using which one of the following coping processes? • Denial • Information seeking • Goal setting • Recruiting support

  12. M/C Practice Questions • <<insert question>> • . • . • . • .

  13. M/C Practice Questions • Which one of the following statements regarding hospitalization is irrelevant to psychology? • Delivery of intervention • Determination of ineffective interventions • Determination of psychological effects • Dissemination of information relevant to care providers

  14. M/C Practice Questions • In Charles et al’s study on satisfaction with hospital care, what was reported to be the biggest complaint regarding pain? • Was not told about how much pain to expect • Had pain that could have been eliminated • Overprescription of pain medications • Two of the above

  15. M/C Practice Questions • Nonadherence to treatment can be divided into 2 categories: medication and lifestyle. What percentage of medication and lifestyle can be attributed to nonadherence? • Med = 10%; Lifestyle = 90% • Med = 25%; Lifestyle = 75% • Med = 50%; Lifestyle = 50% • Med = 75%; Lifestyle = 25% • Med = 90%; Lifestyle = 10%

  16. M/C Practice Questions • Which one of the following is not an emotion-focused coping skill • Cognitive restructuring • Information seeking • Wish-fulfilling fantasy • Threat minimization

  17. M/C Practice Questions • An illness which as a graduated onset, no cure, an uncertain diagnosis? • infection • chronic • flu • acute

  18. M/C Practice Questions • Needle sharing in relation to AIDS • Primary prevention • Secondary prevention • Testing • None of the above

  19. M/C Practice Questions • Who is most likely to develop CVD? • Bob, 34, smoker, married • Valerie, 25, college students, solitary life style • Jim, active, outgoing, sometimes aggressive, enjoys big Mac on occasions • Monica, 65, African American, with high blood cholesterol, long family history of CVD, poor socioeconomic status

  20. M/C Practice Questions • Leading cause of death in Western countries is: • AIDS • Cancer • CVD • Accidents

  21. M/C Practice Questions • Why is the longevity of the younger generation of Okinawa declining? • Poorer diet • Lack of exercise • None of the above • A and B only

  22. M/C Practice Questions • Which of the following is not a symptom of BDD? • Skin picking • Excessive mirror checking • Excessive eating • Camouflaging • All • none

  23. M/C Practice Questions • What is not a trait that makes men biologically disadvantaged across the lifespan? • Hormones • Genetic weaknesses • Direct and indirect behavioral factors • More acute illnesses

  24. S/A Practice Question • Question (8 marks) • Define non-adherence (2) • Non-adherence rates vary depending on the nature of the treatment regime and its consequences. Elaborate (6)

  25. S/A Practice Question • Define non-adherence (2) • Non-adherence occurs when people do not adopt the behavior or treatments prescribed by their medicos (doctors) • Non-adherence rates vary depending on the nature of the treatment regime and its consequences. Elaborate (6) • duration – longer treatment – poorer adherence • frequency – more often – lower adherence • complexity– more complex – less likely to adhere • inconvenience – more intrusive – less likely to adhere • medical vs nonmedical – (tablets, dressings vs. lifestyle changes) – better adherence if medical. • contingencies - more likely to adhere if adherence is immediately reinforced or if non-adherence is immediately punished. Less likely to adhere is adherence is immediately punished or if non-adherence is immediately rewarded

  26. S/A Practice Question • Question (6 marks) • Describe the relationship between SES and health (2) • List the possible reasons for the relationship between SES and health outcomes (4).

  27. S/A Practice Question • Describe the relationship between SES and health (2) • Health correlates with socioeconomic status…. • Lower SES at greater risk on most measures of health (e.g., Be born with low birth weight, die in infancy/childhood, get diseases and die in adulthood before age 65, experience days of restricted activity because of illness, become addicted to drugs, die in an accident or be murdered) • List the possible reasons for the relationship between SES and health outcomes (4) • Low SES - Poorer health behaviors (knowledge, education) • Low SES - Less access to medical services (quality, cost) • Environments in which low SES people live • Physical environment • Higher level of social stressors • Higher health risks in low-status occupations

  28. Part 2 - Format • Wednesday April 6 • Start 10:10am • Finish 11:00am • 50% of test grade

  29. Part 2 - Content • Apply your knowledge of health psychology to a public health issue • Anything you have learned in this course • What is health psychology? (Lecture 1) • Theory and research, stress, pain, health behaviors, hospitalization, chronic illnesses, biopsychosocial perspective, prevention/treatment/advocacy

  30. Part 2 - A good answer • Clear • Relevant • Accurate • Comprehensive • Logical Structure • Evidence-based • Addresses and answers the question • Sophisticated

  31. Part 2 - Tips • Plan your answer before you start writing • Read the question carefully • Answer the question