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HISTORY OF THE FIGURE IN ART

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  1. HISTORY OF THE FIGUREIN ART

  2. Throughout history, human figures have appeared in drawings, paintings, sculpture, and other art forms.

  3. The figure in art has changed as human needs and artistic expression evolved. • In the beginning figures in art were used only for communication and religious purposes. • Later, portraits of important people, and then the middle class, became popular. • After the invention of the camera, figures in art became very creative and expressive.

  4. PREHISTORIC FIGURES • Line drawings of figures, similar to “stick figures.” • Told stories and communicated before written language.

  5. ANCIENT EGYPTIAN FIGURES(5000 BC-300 AD) • Figure drawings were flat looking, with heads and feet in profile, while the body faced forward. • Most important figures were shown larger than others.

  6. Profile head Forward facing torso Profile legs & feet

  7. PRE-COLUMBIAN FIGURES(1800 BC-1500 AD) • Figures were mostly stylized sculptures. • Represented gods and other deities for worship and ceremonies.

  8. Figure Drawings on a Codex

  9. ANCIENT GREEKAND ROMAN FIGURES(500 BC-500 AD) • Figures were often used in storytelling, especially mythology.

  10. Storytelling on Ceramic Vases & Urns

  11. Figures from Mythology Hermes Zeus Poseidon Apollo & Hercules Medusa

  12. ANCIENT GREEKAND ROMAN FIGURES(500 BC-500 AD) • Drawings were still flat looking, but sculptures were very realistic.

  13. Very realistic figure sculpture

  14. Eyes were blank or hollow “Windows to the Soul”

  15. ANCIENT GREEKAND ROMAN FIGURES(500 BC-500 AD) • Figure sculptures showed the classical “contrapposto” pose and realistic looking drapery.

  16. Realistic looking drapery “Contrapposto” Pose

  17. MIDDLE AGES FIGURES(400-1500) • Figures were beginning to develop a little more in form. • Used in picturing religious and medieval scenes.

  18. Lack of Perspective

  19. Old looking children

  20. Mosaics & Tapestries

  21. Illuminated Manuscripts

  22. RENAISSANCE FIGURES(1400’s-1500’s) • With the discovery of perspective, figures had more realistic form.

  23. “School of Athens” by Raphael

  24. “The Pieta” by Michelangelo

  25. RENAISSANCE FIGURES(1400’s-1500’s) • Figures continued in religious depictions, but also became popular as portraits of the clergy and wealthy patrons.

  26. Jean de Montfort and Marie de Medici

  27. RENAISSANCE FIGURES(1400’s-1500’s) • In time, portraiture grew to include the middle class, often times using symbolism.

  28. “Georg Gisze,A German Merchant in London”byHolbein the Younger

  29. RENAISSANCE FIGURES(1400’s-1500’s) • Children became younger looking.

  30. NEOCLASSIC and ROMANTIC FIGURES(1700’s) • Portraiture continued to be popular, sometimes including land, house, pet, or other prized possession.

  31. “Robert Andrews and His Wife”by Thomas Gainsborough

  32. “Miss Bowles and Her Dog” by Sir Joshua Reynolds Children now looked like their appropriate young age

  33. NEOCLASSIC and ROMANTIC FIGURES(1700’s) • Figure painting and sculpture provided entertainment or delivered an inspirational message.

  34. “Watson and The Shark”by John Singleton Copley

  35. “Napoleon Crossing the Alps” by Jacques-Louis David

  36. 19th CENTURY FIGURES(1800’s) • The invention of the camera had a profound effect on art, allowing it to change from realistic to more creative styles, like Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. • Emphasized brush strokes and lighting to create an “impression” of the moment.

  37. “Mother and Child” byMary Cassatt IMPRESSIONISM

  38. “Lady with a Parasol”by Claude Monet IMPRESSIONISM

  39. 19th CENTURY FIGURES(1800’s) • Genre (everyday life) scenes and portraits were popular.

  40. IMPRESSIONISM “A Dance at the Moulin de la Galette” by Pierre Auguste Renoir

  41. POST-IMPRESSIONISM “Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte” by Georges Seurat

  42. “Self Portrait with Felt Hat” byVincent Van Gogh POST- IMPRESSIONISM

  43. 20TH CENTURY FIGURES • Monuments were made to immortalize prominent figures in history.

  44. “Lincoln Memorial”by Daniel Chester French