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Modal verbs: probability & suggestions A focus on which (and why) verbs we use to express different degrees of probability Source: http://esl.about.com/library/grammar/blmodalprob.htm. Material Adicional Idiomas: Inglés. Modal Verbs: Probability & Suggestion

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slide1

Modal verbs: probability & suggestions

  • A focus on which (and why) verbs we use to express different degrees of probability
  • Source:
  • http://esl.about.com/library/grammar/blmodalprob.htm

Material Adicional

Idiomas: Inglés

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Modal Verbs: Probability & Suggestion

- A focus on which (and why) verbs we use to

express different degrees of probability

Listed below are examples and uses of modal verbs of

probability. Modal verbs of probability are used to

express an opinion of the speaker based on information

that the speaker has.

Example: He must be at work, it's 10 o'clock.

In this case, the speaker is 100 % sure that the person

is at work based on the speaker's knowledge that the

person in question usually works at during the day.

1. Examples

They must be in Spain by now.

She must have done well on the test.

Usage

Use 'must' plus the verb when you are 100% (or almost 100%) sure that something is the case.

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2. Examples

She might come this evening.

David may invite Jesica to the match.

Jack might have gone to France.

Usage

Use 'might' or 'may' to express an opinionthat you think has a good possibility of being true.

3. Examples

Jane could be at work.

Peter could have arrived late.

Jane could be at work.

Peter could have arrived late.

Usage

Use 'could' to express a possibility which is one of many. This form is not as strong as 'might' or 'may'. It is just one of a number of possibilities.

4. Examples

You can't be serious!

They can't have worked until late.

Usage

Use 'can't' to express an opinion that you are 100% sure is NOT true.

Notice that the past form remains 'can't have done'

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Further links:

http://es.wikibooks.org/wiki/Ingl%C3%A9s/Verbos_modales

http://www.scribd.com/doc/441567/Verbos-modales

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/modal-verbs-of-probability.html

http://www.jamesabela.co.uk/intermediate/Grammar/ModalsProbability.pdf

http://www.vivquarry.com/wkshts/modal.html