DOCUMENTATION. Using Quotations, Embedded Citations, and Works Cited Lists MLA Style. Today. What is documentation ? What should I cite? How should I cite it? How do I create a bibliography? How do I create a Works Cited List? Embedded (parenthetical) citations Foot notes and end notes
Using Quotations, Embedded Citations, and Works Cited Lists
The process of clearly stating the source of all ideas and information in your work.
Improper documentation or plagiarism happens when you:
…and say they are your own
For an explanation of MLA style see Appendix 2
See pg. 58 Student Research Guide
A Bibliography =
Check with your teacher if you are unsure of the format they require
See pg. 71 Student Research Guide
If no sources are documented or referenced the assumption is that you are the creator
They must match your works cited list!
See pg. 58 Student Research Guide
(5; act 1).
…except when the citation appears at the end of a block quotation set off from the text.
In Thompson Highway’s The Rez Sisters, Pelaija expresses this
sense of loss:
So what! And the old stories, the old language. Almost all
gone…was a time Nanabush and Windigo and everyone could
rattle away in Indian fast as Bingo Betty could lay her bingo chips
down on a hot night. (5; act 1)
Quoted in: Aaron, Jane E. and Murray McArthur. The Little Brown Compact Handbook. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, Inc., 2003, 352.
Example 1 - Quotation Marks
To a large extent, Of Mice and Men mirrors the myth of the Garden of Eden particularly the role of the woman. Charlotte Cook Hadella agrees with this concept and notes, “The role of the woman[…] is that of the temptress, the despoiler of the Garden[…] Steinbeck makes the woman the instrument of destruction of the land dream” (53,54).
Example 2 - Block Quotation
Goldhurst, however, argues that the central theme in Of Mice and Men is that of Cain and Abel:
Viewed in the light of its mythic and allegorical implications, Of Mice and Men is a story about the nature of man’s fate in a fallen world, with particular emphasis upon the question: is man destined to live alone, a solitary wanderer on the face of the earth, or is it the fate of man to care for man, to go his way in companionship with another? This is the same theme that occurs in the Old Testament […] The implications of the Cain-and-Abel drama are everywhere apparent in the fable of George and Lennie […] (39).
There are different styles for different subject areas - ask which one is required of you.
It takes time to learn these methods, but you’ll thank yourself in the end!
Practice good habits now!
*Highly recommended - see also the print and online resources in the Works Cited list (last slide)
Writing Labs Main Pages
Paraphrasing and Summarizing
Aaron, Jane E. and Murray McArthur. The Little Brown Compact Handbook. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, Inc., 2003.
Bedford/St. Martin’s. “Citation Styles Online! Using MLA Style to Cite and Document Sources”. 2003. 16 Dec. 2004. <http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/cite5.html>.
Dodgson, Rose and others.Student Research Guide. Toronto: Toronto District School Board, 2003. Also available online at <http://www.tdsb.on.ca/instruction/cyberlinks/documents/StudentResearchGuide.pdf>.
Kasman Valenza, Joyce. "Anti-Plagiarism Campaign: The Struggle for Academic Integrity." Connected Newsletter. December 2003/January 2004: 4-7.
Lee, I. “A Research Guide for Students: Chapter 9 - Parenthetical References in MLA Style”. 26 Nov 2004. 16 Dec. 2004. <http://www.aresearchguide.com/sampleparenth.html>.
OWL at Purdue University. “Avoiding Plagiarism”. 2004. 20 Feb. 2004.<http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html>.
OWL at Purdue University. “Paraphrase: Write it in Your Own Words”. 2004. 20 Feb. 2004. <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html>.
“Material is probably common knowledge if . . .
OWL at Purdue University. “Avoiding Plagiarism “. 2004. 20 Feb. 2004. <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html>.
MLA = Modern Languages Association
Source: Modern Languages Association. “What is MLA Style?”. 9 Sep. 2003. 17 Dec. 2004. <http://www.mla.org/publications/style>.