Unit 3 The National English Curriculum Students: 50 sophomores Lesson duration: 2 periods Background information:
Teaching objectives: By the end of the lesson, students should be able to: • know a brief history of foreign language teaching in China. • grasp the designing principles for National English Curriculum 2001 • know the goals and objectives of English language teaching • have a general idea of the design of National English Curriculum • understand the challenges facing English language teachers .
Teaching contents: • A brief history of foreign language teaching in China. • The designing principles for National English Curriculum 2001 • Goals and objectives of English language teaching • Challenges facing English language teachers .
Key and difficult points: • 1. the designing principles for National English Curriculum 2001 • 2. goals and objectives of English language teaching Teaching approaches: 1. Lecture ( Computer-aided Instruction) 2. Demonstration
Teaching aids: Multi-media, whiteboard, pictures,
Teaching procedures: 1. A brief history of foreign languagteaching in China. • Let Ss read the materials silently to have a general idea of history of foreign language teaching in China. then fill in the form: 2. Designing principles for National English Curriculum Introduce the six designing principles for National English Curriculum for Nine-year Compulsory Education. T explains the meaning of them to help Ss have a good understanding of them.
2.1 Lead in activities • Aim for educating all students, and emphasize quality –oriented education • Promote learner-centredness, and respect individual differences • Develop competence-based objectives , and allow flexibility and adaptability • pay close attention to the learning process, and advocate experiential learning and participation • Attach particular importance to formative assessment, and give special attention to the development of competence • Optimize learning resources, and maximise opportunities for learning and using the language .
2.2 Discussion and Practice • 2.2.1 Let Ss discuss the elaborations of the six designing principles（page 41- 43）and translatethe six principles, then do the matching exercise. • 突出面向全体学生，注重素质教育 • 学生主体，注重个体差异 • 整体设计目标，体现灵活开放 • 强调学习过程，倡导体验参与 • 注重过程评价，强调能力发展 • 开发课程资源，拓展学用渠道
3. Goals and objectives of English language teaching • The following diagram specifies the components of the English teaching objectives in the National English Curriculum.Study it carefully and try to answer the following questions • Q.1. What is the main aim of ELT ? • Q.2. What is it composed of ? • Q.3. What are the relations among all the components? 3.1 Presentation
Affect Learning Cultural Language skills Language Framework of objectives in the new National English Curriculum
3.2 Practice • Organize Ss to practise writing teaching objectives according to the descriptions of teaching goals from different syllabuses since1978. • Examples : • a. It aims to help Ss to develop good learning habits and form effective learning strategies. • b. It aims to increase Ss awareness of cultural differences between the East and the West. • c. It aims to develop Ss ’reading and self-learning abilities.
4. Challenges facing English language teachers • With the implementation of new English curriculum, English language teachers will face many challenges. There are many difficulties and problems identified by some English teachers: • Teaching ideas and methods are out of date. • Wrong expectation from the public • Teaching for the purpose of testing • Teachers’ lack of training • Ss high scores vs. low abilities • Lack of professional training on theories and practice of education and on ELT 4.1 Lead in activities
4.2 Presentation In the process of curriculum reform, how do teachers deal with changes and challenges? • Have an open mind towards different kinds of ideas and approaches to teaching. • Be willing to try out new ideas • Try to find opportunities to attend training, seminars on Language teaching and observations of teaching. • Use the resources available to help you with teaching and self-learning. • Reflect on your own teaching and beliefs about teaching
Conclusion • In this unit, we have a brief overview of the history of English language teaching in China with an emphasis on the development in last two decades, we also discussed the designing principles and its goals and objectives of new English Curriculum. Facing challenges, it is normal that teachers feel pressed in the time of change. However, we need understand the reasons for the change and be prepared to undertake them .